ELE Times

Subscribe to ELE Times feed ELE Times
latest product and technology information from electronics companies in India
Updated: 9 min 49 sec ago

New Research Reveals Growing Acceptance for Automated Assistants in the Contact Center

Thu, 08/10/2023 - 10:05

Kore.ai Study Shows that the Latest AI-Driven Intelligent Virtual Assistants can Boost Agent Loyalty, Productivity & Job Satisfaction

New research from Kore.ai, the world’s leading enterprise AI Company providing conversational and generative AI platforms and solutions, has revealed a growing acceptance for AI-powered virtual assistants among contact center agents.

The findings from a recent survey of contact centers worldwide indicate that the agents are increasingly endorsing the use of intelligent virtual assistants (IVAs) as it helps in enhancing results, improves productivity, and ensures better job satisfaction.

The report puts to rest concerns about any adverse impact of AI on workforce and employment, as well as the fears associated with generative AI and large language models within the contact center workforce.

But far from seeing AI as an existential threat, the research shows that contact center representatives consider IVAs to be as important as having a competitive salary and a positive work environment with respect.

The findings not only demonstrate the positive impact of AI in assisting agents, but also reveal their overwhelming support and desire to work alongside these tools that enhance their capabilities. A remarkable 84% of the respondents agreed that they could greatly benefit from “tools that wrap up a customer call accurately and automatically.” This insight highlights the agent’s need for AI-powered solutions that efficiently handle post-call tasks, such as summarizing key details and generating accurate wrap-up notes.

Kore.ai and its research partner surveyed customer service representatives who work remotely or onsite for a contact center (Center Agent Experience Benchmark Reports, 2023).

Key findings include:

  • Agents Voice Concern: 59% contact center agents report they don’t get the modern intelligent virtual assistant tools they want.
  • Right Tech – A Priority for Agents: Having tools and technology that help reduce customer frustration rivals a competitive salary and an environment where the agent is respected.
  • Embrace IVAs: 78% of all agents see IVAs as a means to fine tune their customer interactions by delivering more accuracy.
  • IVAs Pave the Way: 77% of all agents believe IVAs are good for the customer and agent alike and 77% are comfortable using these tools.
  • Advocacy for Customer-Centric Tools: 88% of agents agreed that it’s important to have “tools and technology that help reduce customer frustration.”
  • Agents Demand More: 85% of contact center agents agreed that they want a tool that “always provides me with the most up-to-date and full history of a customer.”

“This survey demonstrates the growing acceptance and positive impact of automated assistants driven by advances in AI technology,” noted Kore.ai CEO and Founder Raj Koneru. “We are confident that this research will serve as a valuable resource for organizations looking to enhance service and support interactions through the integration of AI-powered automation. By leveraging Omni channel IVAs, organizations can deliver superior experiences while empowering agents to excel in their roles.”

The post New Research Reveals Growing Acceptance for Automated Assistants in the Contact Center appeared first on ELE Times.

Thermocouple- Definition, Working Principle, Types, and Applications

Wed, 08/09/2023 - 13:44

A thermocouple is a temperature-sensing device used to measure temperatures in a wide range of applications. It operates on the principle of the Seebeck effect, which is the phenomenon where a voltage is generated at the junction of two dissimilar metals when there is a temperature difference between the junction and the free ends of the metals.

The basic construction of a thermocouple includes two different metal wires joined together at the ends to form a loop. One end is known as the “hot junction”, where the temperature to be measured is applied, while the other end is referred to as the “cold junction”, which typically remains at a reference temperature.

When there is a temperature difference between the hot and cold junctions, a voltage is produced at the junction due to the Seebeck effect. This voltage is proportional to the temperature difference and can be measured using a voltmeter.

Proper calibration, maintenance, and usage are essential to ensure accurate and reliable temperature measurements. Regular calibration checks can help verify the accuracy of the thermocouple over time and maintain its performance in critical applications.

Over time, scientists and engineers have standardized certain metal combinations to create different types of thermocouples, each with its unique characteristics and temperature range. These standardized combinations ensure consistency and accuracy in temperature measurements across various applications.

It is essential to choose the appropriate thermocouple type for a specific application to ensure accurate and reliable temperature readings. The standardized metal combinations and defined thermocouple types help achieve consistency and comparability across different devices and industries.

Thermocouple- Working Principle

The Seebeck effect is a phenomenon where a voltage is generated at the junction of two dissimilar conductive materials when there is a temperature difference between the junction and the ends of the materials. This voltage is proportional to the temperature difference between the two ends of the thermocouple.

In a thermocouple, when the two dissimilar metal wires are joined at the ends to form a loop, and one of the junctions (hot junction) is subjected to a different temperature than the other junction (cold junction), a continuous flow of electric current is established in the thermoelectric circuit due to the voltage produced by the Seebeck effect.

The net open voltage, or the Seebeck voltage, that results from this temperature difference is directly related to the junction temperature and the composition of the two metals used in the thermocouple. Each thermocouple type has its unique combination of metals, and this determines its sensitivity, temperature range, and accuracy.

By measuring the voltage generated by the thermocouple, it is possible to correlate it back to the temperature difference between the hot and cold junctions. Since the cold junction temperature can often be assumed or measured separately, the voltage output of the thermocouple can be used to accurately determine the temperature at the hot junction.

Types of Thermocouple

The thermocouple is defined by the hot junction formed between two metals exhibiting different properties. The two dissimilar metals used to manufacture a thermocouple are referred to as the positive and negative legs. The combination of metals chosen for these legs determines the type of thermocouple.

Primarily, thermocouples are of 8 types-

  • B-Type 

Type-B thermocouple is made from the combination of Platinum (6% Rhodium) and Platinum (30% Rhodium). They exhibit a temperature range between 1370 degree Celsius to 1700 degree Celsius. They are commonly used in industries and processes that involve extremely high temperatures, such as in certain types of furnaces, kilns, and high-temperature ovens. Their ability to withstand and accurately measure extreme temperatures makes them valuable in these specialized applications. One of the main advantages of Type B thermocouples is their stability and resistance to drift over time. They are less susceptible to grain growth, which can affect the accuracy of temperature measurements

  • E-Type 

Type-E thermocouples are composed of two dissimilar alloys: Chromel (an alloy of nickel and chromium), and Constantan (an alloy of copper and nickel). They are designed to measure temperatures in the range of 0 degrees Celsius to 870 degrees Celsius. They are known for their excellent stability and resistance to oxidation in various atmospheres. They can be used in inert environments and are suitable for many industrial applications where precise temperature measurements are required. However, they are sensitive to sulphur-containing atmospheres and may be affected by the presence of sulphurous environments. In such cases, they need supervision and protection to prevent potential inaccuracies caused by the interaction with sulphur compounds. This type is commonly used in industries including power plants, petrochemical, and food processing, as well as research and scientific applications.

  • J-Type

Type J thermocouples are made by combining two different metals: Iron and Constantan. They are designed to measure temperatures in the range of 0 degrees Celsius to 760 degrees Celsius. They are well-suited for vacuum or inert environments due to their stability and resistance to oxidation in such conditions. They are commonly used in many industrial and scientific applications, including in research labs, food processing, and some low to medium-temperature industrial processes. However, it is important to note that the lifespan of Type J thermocouples can be reduced when exposed to extremely high temperatures. Type J thermocouples offer good accuracy and sensitivity in their operating temperature range, but they may not be ideal for extremely high-temperature environments where other thermocouples types with higher temperature ranges, such as Type K or Type N.

  • K-Type

Type K thermocouples are composed of two different alloys: Chromel – for the positive leg and Alumel – for the negative leg. They are one of the most common thermocouple types. They have a temperature range that spans from approximately 0 degrees Celsius to 1260 degrees Celsius. They are well suited for use in both oxidizing and neutral environments, making them versatile and applicable in various industries. One essential characteristic of Type K thermocouples is that they can generate an EMF (electromotive force) variation below 982 degrees Celsius. Hence, they are not used in highly reducing or inert environments at temperatures below this threshold, as it may lead to inaccurate readings.

  • N-Type 

Type-N thermocouple is made by combining Nicrosil (an alloy of nickel, chromium, and silicon) for the positive leg and Nisil (an alloy of nickel and silicon) for the negative leg. They are specifically designed to measure temperatures in the range of 650 degrees Celsius to 1260 degrees Celsius. One major advantage of Type N thermocouples is their ability to offer high resistance to degradation due to factors like “green rot” and hysteresis. Green rot refers to a condition in certain thermocouples where the materials undergo degradation and result in measurement inaccuracies over time. Type N thermocouples are less susceptible to this issue, contributing to their stability and reliability in temperature measurements.

  • R-Type

Type-R thermocouples are made by combining Platinum (13% Rhodium) for the positive leg and pure platinum for the negative leg. They are designed to measure temperatures in the range of 870 degrees Celsius to 1450 degrees Celsius. They are known for their high accuracy and stability in high-temperature environments. The addition of Rhodium in the positive leg enhances their temperature range and performance. They are majorly used in critical industrial processes, including in sulphur recovery units, where precise temperature measurements are crucial for safety and efficiency.

  • S-Type

Type S thermocouples are made by combining Platinum (10% Rhodium) for the positive leg and pure Platinum for the negative leg. They are specifically designed to measure temperatures in the range of 980 degrees Celsius to 1450 degrees Celsius. This temperature range makes them suitable for a variety of high-temperature applications. The addition of Rhodium in the positive leg enhances the thermocouple’s performance and increases its temperature capability compared to type B and Type r thermocouples.

  • T-Type

This type of thermocouple is composed of Copper for the positive leg and Constantan for the negative leg. They are specifically designed to measure temperatures in the range of -200 degrees Celsius to 370 degrees Celsius. They are known for their wide temperature range and excellent performance in low to medium-temperature applications. They are commonly used in various industries and scientific settings. One major advantage of Type T thermocouples is their ability to operate in various atmospheric conditions. They can be used in oxidizing, inert, and vacuum environments. Also, they do not corrode in moist atmospheres, which makes them suitable for applications where moisture or humidity is present.

Application Areas of Thermocouples

Thermocouples are widely used as temperature-sensing devices due to their robustness, reliability, versatility, and wide temperature range capabilities. They find numerous applications across various industries and scientific fields. Some significant application areas of thermocouples include-

  1. Industrial Processes – Thermocouples are extensively used in industries like petrochemical, chemical, metalworking, glass manufacturing, and cement production for temperature monitoring and process control. They help ensure that the processes run at the desired temperatures and avoid any potential damage or safety risks.
  2. HVAC Systems – Heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems use thermocouples for temperature regulation. They help control heating and cooling systems to maintain a comfortable and consistent indoor climate.
  3. Food Industry – Thermocouples monitor and control temperatures to ensure food safety during storage, processing, and transportation.
  4. Power Plants – In power generation facilities, thermocouples are used to monitor the temperature of the steam and other fluids, ensuring the efficient operation of turbines and boilers.
  5. Automotive Industry – Thermocouples are employed in automotive engines to measure exhaust gas temperature and optimize fuel efficiency and emissions.
  6. Aerospace – In aircraft and space exploration, thermocouples are used to monitor critical components’ temperatures and ensure safe operation.
  7. Research and Laboratories – Thermocouples are commonly used in scientific research, laboratories, and experimental setups for precise temperature measurements.
  8. Medical applications– In medical devices and equipment, thermocouples are used for temperature monitoring in incubators, sterilizers, and diagnostic instruments.
  9. Environmental monitoring – Thermocouples are employed in weather stations and environmental monitoring equipment to measure air and soil temperatures.
  10. Furnaces and ovens – Thermocouples are essential for temperature control and safety in high-temperature furnaces and industrial ovens.
  11. Energy-efficient systems – Thermocouples are used in various energy-efficient applications, such as solar water heaters and geothermal systems.
  12. Automotive testing – In automotive testing and development, thermocouples are used to measure temperature profiles and performance of various vehicle components.

These applications are just a few areas, thermocouples are used in many other diverse ways. Their wide range of temperature capabilities, durability, and cost-effectiveness make them one of the most popular temperature sensors across various industries and scientific domains.

The post Thermocouple- Definition, Working Principle, Types, and Applications appeared first on ELE Times.

Thermistor- Definition, Working Principle, Types, and Applications

Wed, 08/09/2023 - 13:28

The concept of thermistors was born in 1833, when Michael Faraday, an English physicist, and chemist, while reporting on the semiconductor behaviour of silver sulphide, noticed that the silver sulphide’s resistance decreased with increasing temperature. This discovery later led to the commercial manufacturing of thermistors in the 1930s.

What is a Thermistor

Thermally sensitive resistor, thermistor is a semi-conductor type of resistor that exhibits a precise change in resistance over the temperature change. They are part of a larger group of passive components. They possess greater resistance than conducting materials, but lower resistance than insulating materials.

The term “thermistor” is an amalgamation of the words “thermal” and “resistor”. They are also defined as thermally sensitive resistors whose resistance is dependent on temperature. They are made of metallic oxides, pressed into a bead, disk, or cylindrical shape, and then encapsulated with an impermeable material like epoxy or glass. The relationship between a thermistor’s resistance and its temperature is highly dependent on the materials used in its composition. The precise ratio of the composite material governs its resistance/temperature curve.

Thermistors come in several common configurations. The three most commonly employed are-

  1. Hermetically sealed flexible thermistor (HSTH series)
  2. Bolt-on/washer type
  3. Self-adhesive surface-mount type

Thermistors are highly accurate (ranging from +-0.05 degree Celsius to +-1.5 degree Celsius), but only have a limited temperature range that is within 50 degrees Celsius of the base temperature. The working temperature range for most thermistors is between 0 degrees Celsius to 100-degree Celsius. Thermistors’ major use is in measuring the temperature of a device. In a controlled environment, a thermistor is a small but important part of a larger system.

Thermistor – Working Principle

Thermistor works on the simple principle of change in resistance due to the change in temperature. The thermistor has a non-linear resistance temperature curve and cannot be characterized by a single coefficient. This means the resistance of a thermistor decreases with the increase in temperature. The thermistor starts self-heating its elements, and its resistance value is changed concerning the temperature change, once the ambient temperature changes.

When current flows through a thermistor, it generates heat, which in turn raises the temperature of the thermistor. In case the thermistor is used to measure the temperature of the environment, this heating may cause a significant error, also known as an observer effect.

Types of Thermistors

Like all resistors, thermistors resist the electric current. The Positive Temperature Coefficient (PTC) and Negative Temperature Coefficient (NTC) are the two major types of thermistors that are widely used in temperature-sensing applications.

  • Negative Temperature Coefficient (NTC)

In NTC-type thermistors, resistance decreases with an increase in temperature. They are made from semiconductor materials with conductivity between electrical and non-electrical conductors. When a component heats up, electrons are loosened from the lattice atoms. As temperature increases, a thermistor transfer electricity easily and effectively. It is to be noted though, the way of conduction of NTC thermistors varies with the type of material used in their manufacturing. Depending on the temperature range to be measured, the material of the thermistor is decided.

  • Germanium – 1 kelvin (K) to 100 kelvin
  • Silicon – up to 250 K
  • Metallic Oxide – 200 K to 700 K

To measure higher temperature ranges, thermistors are manufactured using aluminium oxide, beryllium oxide, zirconium dioxide, dysprosium oxide, etc. NTC thermistors are available in various sizes to fit applications. The glass-encapsulated NTC thermistors are completely sealed to eliminate any possibility of reading errors. Their encapsulation makes them useful for severe environmental conditions. They have an operating range of -67 degrees Fahrenheit to 392 degrees Fahrenheit. The NTC thermistors are accurate, have a quick response time, and are very convenient for placement.

  • Positive Temperature Coefficient (PTC)

The resistance in the PTC thermistor increases with an increase in temperature. PTC thermistors have two main variants – one which shows a linear increase in the resistance known as silicon, while the other known as switching demonstrates sudden changes in resistance. Switching the PTC thermistor is non-linear. Their resistance initially falls a little with an increase in temperature. Once the temperature reaches a certain level, the resistance increases exponentially which makes it ideal for safe and protective use. They are made from polycrystalline material, such as – barium carbonate or titanium oxide, silica, or manganese. The Silistor PTC thermistors are linear and have a semiconductor as their base material. Most PTC thermistors have lead wires, but also come in chip form, and are found in various temperature-sensing devices and equipment.

Application Areas of Thermistors

Thermistors have diverse applications ranging from temperature compensation to temperature measurement, temperature control, and Inrush current limiting. Let us closely look into various applications of PTC and NTC-type thermistors-

  • PTC Type Thermistors
  1. As a current-limiting device for circuit protection.
  2. As timers in the degaussing coil circuit of most RT displays
  3. As heaters in the automotive industry provide additional heat inside the cabin with a diesel engine or heat diesel in cold climates before engine injection.
  4. In crystal oscillators for temperature compensation, medical equipment temperature control, and industrial automation.
  5. To prevent current hogging in electronic circuits
  6. To prevent thermal runaway in electronic circuits
  7. An electrically actuated wax motor provides the heat necessary to expand the wax
  8. In temperature-compensated synthesizer voltage-controlled oscillators
  • NTC Type Thermistors
  1. As a thermometer for low-temperature measurements
  2. To monitor the temperature of an incubator
  3. As an inrush current limiter device in power supply circuits
  4. In the food handling and processing industry, for food storage systems and food preparation
  5. Point Sensing to achieve high accuracy for specific points, such as laser diode die
  6. For measurement of the temperature profile inside the sealed captivity of a convective
  7. Thermistor Probe Assemblies offer protection for the sensor in harsh environments
  8. Throughout the consumer appliance industry for measuring temperature

The post Thermistor- Definition, Working Principle, Types, and Applications appeared first on ELE Times.

RTDs – Definition, Working Principle, Types & Applications

Wed, 08/09/2023 - 13:19

An RTD stands for “Resistance Temperature Detector”. It is a type of temperature sensor used to measure temperature by correlating the resistance of the RTD element with temperature changes. RTDs are commonly used in various industrial, scientific, and commercial applications where accurate and precise temperature measurements are required.

The RTD element is typically made of pure platinum wire wound into a coil or deposited on a ceramic substrate. Platinum is chosen due to its excellent stability, repeatability, and linearity over a wide temperature range. The resistance of the RTD element increases with temperature in a predictable and nearly linear manner, allowing for accurate temperature readings.

RTDs are known for their high accuracy and stability, making them popular choices in various industries such as manufacturing, aerospace, automotive, food and beverage, and environmental monitoring. They are commonly used in temperature measurement devices and systems, and they often interface with data loggers, control systems, and other instruments to monitor and control processes where the temperature is critical.

In RTD devices, different metals are used as the sensing element, and each metal exhibits its unique resistance-temperature characteristics. The relationship between the resistance and temperature is what defines the resistance-temperature characteristic of the RTD.

The three most common types of RTD elements based on different metals are-

  • Platinum RTD (PT100 or PT1000)
  • Nickel RTD
  • Copper RTD

It is worth noting that RTDs are typically more expensive than other temperature sensors like thermocouples and thermistors, but their accuracy and stability make them an ideal choice for critical temperature measurements where precision is paramount.

RTD – Working Principle

The working principle of an RTD is based on the predictable and linear change in electrical resistance of a material with temperature. The mechanism can be summarised in these steps –

Sensing Element – The heart of an RTD is the sensing element, which is typically made of a thin wire or film of pure platinum. The platinum wire is wound into a coil or deposited as a thin film on a ceramic substrate to increase its surface area.

Electrical Resistance – At a reference temperature (usually 0 degrees Celsius or 25 degrees Celsius), the RTD has a known and calibrated resistance value. For a standard platinum RTD, this resistance is typically 100 ohms at 0 degrees Celsius, and it follows a defined resistance-temperature curve.

Temperature Change – When the RTD is exposed to a change in temperature, the temperature of the sensing element also changes.

Resistance Change – As the temperature changes, the electrical resistance of the platinum wire changes predictably and linearly. The resistance increases as the temperature rises and decreases as the temperature falls.

Measurement – The change in resistance is measured using a bridge circuit or a Wheatstone bridge configuration. By measuring the resistance accurately, the temperature of the RTD can be determined with high precision.

Calibration – RTDs are calibrated against known temperature points to establish an accurate resistance-temperature relationship. The calibration data is used to convert the measured resistance into temperature values.

Types of Resistance Temperature Detector

There are several types of RTDs (Resistance Temperature Detectors), each with different configurations and construction methods. The main types of RTDs include-

  1. Wire-Wound RTDs – These are the most common type of RTDs and consist of a coil of fine platinum wire wound around a ceramic or glass core. The wire’s resistance changes with temperature, providing a reliable and accurate temperature measurement.
  2. Thin-Film RTDs – In this type, a thin layer of platinum is deposited on a ceramic or glass substrate. Thin-film RTDs are known for their fast response times and compact size, making them suitable for various applications.
  3. Coiled RTDs – They have a similar construction to wire-wound RTDs but are wound into a smaller, more compact coil, which allows for quicker response times and lower thermal mass.
  4. Surface-Mount RTDs – These RTDs are designed for surface mounting directly onto the surface of the object being measured. They are commonly used in electronics and PCB applications.
  5. Probe RTDs – Probe RTDs feature a long, slender probe that can be inserted into liquids, gases, or other materials for temperature measurement. They are widely used in industrial processes and environmental monitoring.
  6. Mineral-Insulated RTDs – These RTDs consist of a platinum wire encased in a metal sheath, often made of stainless steel, providing excellent mechanical protection and ruggedness. These RTDs are commonly used in harsh environments and high-pressure applications.
  7. Glass-Coated RTDs – In this type, the platinum wire is coated with a thin layer of glass for insulation. Glass-coated RTDs are used ins specialized applications requiring resistance to harsh chemicals or extreme temperatures.
  8. Thin-Film Glass RTDs – These RTDs are made by depositing a thin layer of platinum on a glass substrate, providing excellent resistance to environmental factors and mechanical stress.

Each type has its advantages and is chosen based on the specific requirements of the application, such as accuracy, response time, environmental conditions, and budget constraints. The most common RTD used is the wire-wound PT100 (platinum 100 ohms at 0 degrees Celsius) due to its widespread availability and high accuracy.

Application Areas of RTDs

RTDs are widely used in various industries and applications due to their accuracy, stability, and reliability. Some of the most common application areas of RTDs include-

  • Industrial Processes– RTDs are extensively used in industrial processes for temperature measurement and control. They can monitor temperatures in chemical processing, oil and gas refining, pharmaceutical, food processing, and other industrial operations.
  • HVAC Systems – RTDs are employed in heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems for temperature sensing and control, ensuring comfortable and energy-efficient indoor environments.
  • Laboratory and Scientific Research – RTDs play a crucial role in laboratories and scientific research where precise temperature measurements are required for experiments, studies, and calibration of other instruments
  • Automotive – In the automotive industry, RTDs are used to monitor engine temperature, exhaust gas temperature, and other critical parameters for engine performance and emission control.
  • Aerospace and Aviation – RTDs are utilized in aerospace and aviation applications to monitor the temperature in aircraft engines, airframe components, and other critical systems.
  • Power Generation – In power plants, RTDs are employed to monitor temperatures in turbines, boilers, and various power generation equipment.
  • Environmental Monitoring – RTDs are used in monitoring systems to measure temperatures in weather stations, climate research, and ecological studies.
  • Food Safety and Processing – In the food industry, RTDs are utilized to monitor and control temperatures during food processing and storage to ensure food safety and quality.
  • Medical and Healthcare – RTDs are employed in medical devices and equipment, such as patient monitoring systems, incubators, and sterilization processes.
  • Cryogenic Applications – RTDs can accurately measure temperatures in extremely low-temperature environments, making them suitable for cryogenic applications like liquefied natural gas storage and research in cryogenics.
  • Energy Management – RTDs are utilized in energy management systems to monitor temperatures in buildings, industrial facilities, and power distribution systems.

The post RTDs – Definition, Working Principle, Types & Applications appeared first on ELE Times.

L-com Rolls Out New RET Sector and Omnidirectional Antennas

Wed, 08/09/2023 - 10:56
New Remote Electrical Tilt Antennas Enable Instant Adjustment of Coverage

IRVINE, Calif. − L-com, an Infinite Electronics brand and a supplier of wired and wireless connectivity products, has introduced a line of remote-electrical-tilt (RET) sector and omnidirectional antennas. The antenna beams in these products can be adjusted remotely and continually to react to changing traffic patterns and environmental conditions. Such a capability benefits communication networks that require continuous wireless signal optimization. These include mobile, WISP, Wi-Fi, GSM, UMTS, LTE, 5G, public safety, smart cities and industrial networks.

The new products are offered in two versions. The 694 MHz to 960 MHz RET omnidirectional antenna has 11 dBi gain, 2-14° RET, rooftop mounting and two connectors. The 1710 to 2690 MHz RET sector antennas have 18 dBi gain, 2-12° or 0-10° RET, down-tilt mounting brackets, and options of two, four or six connectors.

Both the 694-960 MHz and 1710-2690 MHz versions of the RET antennas share many features. All are 45-degree slant and can be manipulated using a handheld controller or a base station radio with integrated AISG 2.0. This enables the tilt angle of the antenna’s coverage pattern to be adjusted remotely, optimizing the coverage and signal propagation without having to physically reposition the antenna.

All the new RET sector and omni antennas minimize interference with low-PIM 4.3-10 female connectors rated at either -150 dBc or -153 dBc. They both have a maximum input power of 250 watts and a maximum input VSWR of 1.5:1. In addition, the antennas’ fiberglass radome construction enables them to withstand harsh conditions.

The 1710-2690 MHz antennas have multiple bands operating − from 1710-1990 MHz with 17.6 dBi gain, 1920-2200 MHz with 17.8 dBi gain, 2200-2490 MHz with 18.2 dBi gain, and 2490-2690 MHz with 18 dBi gain.

Auto EV India

“Today’s crowded airwaves make it increasingly harder to get clear wireless signals over your entire coverage area day and night,” said Senior Product Line Manager Kevin Hietpas. “Our new RET sector and omni antennas give you precise beam steering, improved coverage and signal quality, and the flexibility to quickly adapt to your evolving network requirements.”

L-com’s new 694 MHz to 960 MHz RET omnidirectional antenna and 1710 to 2690 MHz RET sector antennas are in stock and available for immediate shipment.

About L-com:

L-com, a leading manufacturer of wired and wireless connectivity products, offers a wide range of solutions and unrivaled customer service for the electronics and data communications industries. The company’s product portfolio includes cable assemblies, connectors, adapters, antennas, enclosures, surge protectors and more. Headquartered in North Andover, Mass., L-com is ISO 9001:2015-certified and many of its products are UL® recognized. L-com is an Infinite Electronics brand.

About Infinite Electronics:

Based in Irvine, Calif., Infinite Electronics is a global electronics supplier offering a broad range of components, assemblies and wired/wireless connectivity solutions to the aerospace/defense, industrial, government, consumer electronics, instrumentation, medical and telecommunications markets. Its brands include Pasternack, Fairview Microwave, L-com, MilesTek, ShowMeCables, NavePoint, INC Installs, Integra Optics, PolyPhaser, Transtector, KP Performance Antennas, RadioWaves and Aiconics. Infinite serves its customers with deep technical expertise and support. Its broad inventory is available for immediate shipment, fulfilling unplanned demand for engineers and technical buyers. Infinite is a Warburg Pincus portfolio company.

The post L-com Rolls Out New RET Sector and Omnidirectional Antennas appeared first on ELE Times.

Enabling IOT and Smart devices with Embedded Chip Antennas

Wed, 08/09/2023 - 10:40

Amphenol RF expands its growing antenna portfolio with SMT mounted chip antennas designed for use with a wide range of applications.

Danbury, CT –  Amphenol RF is pleased to introduce embedded antennas into our antennas portfolio. These surface-mounted chip antennas offer excellent electrical performance up to 8.5 GHz. They support cellular 4G/5G-FR1 frequencies along with Wi-Fi and Bluetooth/BLE and LoRa, UWB and GNSS. Embedded RF antennas are ideal for IoT and smart devices due to their compact size and durable construction.

By surface mounting the chip antenna directly on the PCB, with SMT solution, the need for external antennas is eliminated. These embedded antennas are manufactured out of ceramic or FR-4 materials. They are omnidirectional, high-performing antennas, easy to tune and available in tape and reel packaging.

Auto EV India

The small size of ceramic chip antennas enables efficient integration into compact devices where space is at a premium. These antennas are well suited for smart utility meters, robotics, intelligent transport systems, set-top boxes and gateways, and mobile electronic wallets. Local technical support and matching of antennas is provided.

About Amphenol RF

Amphenol RF is a leading manufacturer of coaxial connectors for use in radio frequency, microwave, and data transmission system applications. Headquartered in Danbury, Connecticut, USA, Amphenol RF has global sales, marketing and manufacturing locations in North America, Asia and Europe.  Standard products include RF connectors, coaxial adapters and RF cable assemblies. Custom engineered products include multi-port ganged interconnect, blind mate and hybrid mixed-signal solutions. For more information, visit: https://www.amphenolrf.com

The post Enabling IOT and Smart devices with Embedded Chip Antennas appeared first on ELE Times.

Top 10 Resistance Temperature Detector Manufacturers in India

Tue, 08/08/2023 - 15:00

The demand for temperature sensors, including Resistance Temperature Detectors (RTDs), has been growing in India due to increased industrialization, automation, and the need for precise temperature monitoring and control.

India has many companies that manufacture RTDs and other temperature sensors. 

In this article, we will explore the Top 10 RTD Manufacturers in India

Precision Mass

Established in 1967, Precision Mass is an ISO 9001:2015, ISO 14001:2014, and OHSAS 18001:2007 accredited company. They are among the top manufacturers of a varied product range like – Pressure Gauge, RTDs, Thermowells, Diaphragm Seal, Electronic Pressure, and Differential Pressure Gauge. Their special RTD range includes –

  •             RTH RTD 

Accuracy – Class A and Class B

Element – Pt100, Pt500, Pt1000

Range – -200 up to 600 degrees Celsius

Accessories – Headmount Transmitters, Thermowells

  •             RTW RTD

Accuracy – Class A and Class B

Element – Pt100, Pt500, Pt1000

Range – -200 up to 600 degrees Celsius

Accessories – Thermowell, Weld-Pad, Connectors, etc. 

Radix Electrosystems

With a history dating back to 1980, Radix has positioned itself as a prominent Indian manufacturer in the field of process control instrumentation products and automation projects. Their product range covers a variety of instruments like – PIDs, Controllers, RH, T & DP products, transmitters, isolators, Thermocouples, RTDs, validation ports, Level products, control panels, Pressure and temperature gauges, Door interlock systems, Wireless products, and more. The company is also involved in turnkey automation projects. These projects include areas like Building Management Systems (BMS), and Energy Management Systems (EMS), as well as applications related to warehouse and HVAC systems

Nutronics India

Nutronics India began its journey in 1991 and is recognized as one of the Top 5 Temperature Controller manufacturing companies in India. The comprehensive range of products that Nutronics offers, such as Digital Temperature Controllers, Thermocouple Accessories, Thermocouple Components, Digital Temperature Indicators, Process Control Instruments, Blind Temperature Controllers, Digital Panel Meters, On-off/Cyclic Timer, Andon Display boards, Pressure transmitter, and more highlights their dedication to catering to a wide spectrum of industrial needs. 

Aavad Instruments

Aavad Instruments has an impressive track record and diverse product portfolio in the field of instrumentation and electronic components. With over 13 years of experience, a strong export network spanning more than 12 countries, and a substantial number of installations, Aavad has established itself as a reputable player in the industry. Their collaboration with prominent companies like Sintex, Torrent Pharma, Maruti Suzuki, Adani, Aditya Birla, Kohler, etc. The range of industries Aavad Instrument serves is quite extensive, encompassing agriculture, fertilizers, petroleum, oil and gas, plastic and rubber, chemical, food and dairy, pharmaceuticals, cement, glass, power plants, and the automobile sector. Aavad’s product portfolio is impressive and varied, featuring key offerings like electromagnetic flow meters, ceramic tube thermocouples, pressure gauges, thermowell, head-type thermocouples, and head-type RTD sensors

General Instruments

Established in 1966, General Instruments has a long-standing presence as a leading engineering solution provider and a mass manufacturer. They focus on serving industries like petrochemicals, refineries, pharmaceuticals, cement, power and energy, fertilizers, chemicals, and other process industries highlighting their versatility. The company’s global reach is substantial, as they actively export their products to regions such as Southeast Asia, the Middle East, Australia, Europe, and the USA. They also have a strong clientele including- Reliance Industries, ONGC, Petroleum Development Oman, Petronas, BHEL, and more. The inclusion of pressure gauges, pressure switches, nozzles, level switches, level transmitters, venturi tubes, thermocouples, thermowell, RTDs, needle valves, and ball valves in their product catalog indicates their comprehensive approach to providing solutions for measurement, control, and regulation needs. 

Sense Thermo Instruments India Private Limited

Sense Thermo Instruments is an ISO 9001:2015 accredited company and is into temperature sensors and devices manufacturing. Their wide range of products include- thermocouples, RTD, cable, thermowell, connector, compression fitting, and heat exchangers. Sense Thermo also manufactures sensor devices like- temperature indicators, temperature controllers, temperature transmitters, temperature junction boxes, temperature scanners, alarm announcers, and large digital displays. The company is serving big names like Mahindra, Asok Leyland, Escorts, Sonalika International, and Kirloskar.  

Thermo Electric Company India Private Limited

With its establishment in 1941, Thermo Electric is a significant player in the field of temperature sensor components and equipment. The company offers products like thermocouples, RTDs, wafer sensors, transmitters, accessories, and its services include – calibration, testing, engineering solutions, site services, etc. Thermo’s clients include some well-known names in the industry like Alcoa, B&W, BAYER, Boeing, Cree, Equistar, Praxair, Siemens, Aston Martin, Applied Materials etc. 

Tempsens Instruments

Established in 1976, Tempsens Instruments Pvt. Ltd. is an ISO 9001:2015 and ISO 14001:2015 accredited company, well-established in the field of temperature measurement and control. The range of products they offer, including thermocouple sensors, mineral-insulated cables, wires and cables, pyrometers, calibration equipment, and thermowell accessories, suggests a broad portfolio catering to different aspects of temperature measurement and control. Their client base spanning diverse sectors such as power, energy, oil and gas, cement, metals, food processing, and fertilizers indicates that they have successfully penetrated a wide range of industries, showcasing their adaptability and expertise across various applications. 

S.R.I Electronics

S.R.I Electronics is a notable player in the field of electronic instrumentation and automation products, particularly in the domain of temperature sensing and control. Their ISO 9001:2015 accreditation for Quality Management Systems reflects their commitment to maintaining high standards in their products and services. Being Udyam certified also suggests their recognition as a Micro, Small. And Medium Enterprises (MSME) under the Government of India’s scheme. S.R.I Electronics’ specialization in electronic instrumentation and automation products highlights its expertise in this domain. The variety of products in their catalog, including inductive-type proximity sensors, connective-type sensors, supply relay units, optical sensors, RPM indicators, digital timers, DC drives, and digital tachometers, suggests a comprehensive range catering to different aspects of automation and industrial control. 

Care Process Instruments

Care Process is a prominent temperature sensing devices and sensors manufacturing company, located in Ahmedabad, Gujarat. They are among the leading exporter, traders, and suppliers of Industrial Process Instruments. The company is the major Portable Co2 Meter supplier in New Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, etc. Their product range includes – battery-operated flow meters, differential pressure transmitters, flame-proof temperature indicators, differential pressure gauges, infrared temperature guns, and more. They also export the differential pressure transmitter to Russia, Saudi Arabia, Iran, Mongolia, Indonesia, Pakistan, Turkey, the USA, the UK, Australia, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Africa, and other regions. 

The post Top 10 Resistance Temperature Detector Manufacturers in India appeared first on ELE Times.

UiPath Named a Leader in the 2023 Gartner Magic Quadrant for Robotic Process Automation

Tue, 08/08/2023 - 14:04

UiPath Positioned Highest for Ability to Execute

UiPath, a leading enterprise automation software company, today announced it has been positioned by Gartner, Inc. as a Leader in the 2023 Gartner® Magic Quadrant™ for Robotic Process Automation research report. UiPath was named a Leader for the fifth year in a row, and in this report, UiPath was positioned highest for Ability to Execute.

“We feel this recognition is a testament to our leadership in delivering a best-in-class AI-powered platform that helps customers exceed critical business objectives with automation,” said UiPath Co-CEO Robert Enslin. “We see massive potential for AI to enable more advanced automation capable of handling even the most complex processes. We continue to invest to combine the power of AI with the operational prowess of automation to build the best platform for professionals to advance their skills and help them do their most important work. UiPath is dedicated to empowering our more than 10,000 global customers to increase productivity, drive exceptional outcomes, and enhance customer experiences.”

The Magic Quadrant evaluated 16 enterprise RPA vendors to help enterprises make the best choice for their organization’s automation needs.

The report states, “By 2025, 90% of RPA vendors will offer generative-AI-assisted automation.”

UiPath is pioneering innovation in AI-powered automation. The UiPath Business Automation Platform is adding more AI offerings with Generative AI, including the general availability of OpenAI and Azure OpenAI connectors with support for GPT-4. UiPath customers are already using the OpenAI connector to extend automation deeper into business operations and turn data into actionable insights. In addition, UiPath has announced support for the Falcon Large Language Model (LLM) via its Amazon SageMaker connector, and the preview of the Google Vertex connector with support for PaLM 2.

The company’s Specialized AI solutions include over 70 models that enable customers to understand screens, mine tasks, process documents, and utilize unique and proprietary data sets within enterprise workflows.

Enslin said, “We believe AI-powered automation will support all knowledge work and accelerate human achievement. To make Generative AI work for businesses everywhere, we are taking an approach that addresses challenges and unlocks opportunities. The UiPath platform deploys Specialized AI and automation to serve as Generative AI’s powerful allies. Crucially for enterprise use, we can train Specialized AI securely with proprietary data and optimize models for a business’ specific needs, resulting in more accurate, efficient, and cost-effective solutions. We take an open and flexible approach so customers can create the most strategic mix of AI and automation solutions, leveraging the strengths of each technology and mitigating their respective challenges.”

According to the report, “Gartner defines robotic process automation (RPA) as the software to automate tasks within business and IT processes via software scripts that emulate human interaction with the application user interface. RPA enables a manual task to be recorded or programmed into a software script, which users can develop by programming, or by using the RPA platform’s low-code and no-code graphical user interfaces. This script can then be deployed and executed into different runtimes. The runtime executable of the deployed script is referred to as a bot or robot. RPA is used across numerous business functions for tactical task automation. Business and IT users can leverage RPA to:

  • Move data in or out of application systems without human interaction (unattended automation). Scripts are designed to replicate the actions of a person interacting with those systems or documents, which usually do not have available APIs. The goal is to automate and complete a task successfully without human intervention. Typically, unattended automation is triggered by a system and bots executed on a server.
  • Automate tasks with a human in the loop (attended automation). RPA can extract information from systems and related documents, shaping it and preparing it for consumption by a human at the point of need. Typically, attended automation is triggered by a human and bots executed on a local device.”

According to Gartner, “Leaders have an insightful understanding of the RPA market, a reliable track record, the power to influence the market’s direction, and an ability to attract and retain customers. In the RPA market, Leaders demonstrate an understanding of enterprise customers’ needs and of opportunities to expand functionality and add new products and services to their core RPA offerings. Simply put, a Leader must have a market-leading vision and the ability to deliver on that vision.

A Leader may not always be the best choice for every customer. A focused, smaller vendor can sometimes provide superior support and commitment. Other vendors may provide a specialized capability that is essential for some organizations, such as enhanced security or specific features or functions (required, for example, by call centers and individual desktop use cases). A vendor that focuses on RPA for a specific vertical market or a limited geographic area may not be a Leader in the overall market, but it may be a competitive option within its chosen market or area.”

The post UiPath Named a Leader in the 2023 Gartner Magic Quadrant for Robotic Process Automation appeared first on ELE Times.

One Storage Advances Tech Frontier with New AI Mobile Application System

Tue, 08/08/2023 - 13:57

In tune with evolving post-pandemic market demands, One Storage Management Limited has meticulously refined its intelligent management system. The centerpiece of this evolution is the introduction of an advanced AI mobile application. This forward-thinking application elevates service quality and makes mini storage management seamless for both customers and employees. It also incorporates a big data infrastructure, enabling users to inspect warehouse locations remotely and make online payments, thus offering notable time savings.

Reflecting One Storage’s commitment to staying abreast of market trends and consumption patterns, it has noted an increased emphasis on digital accessibility, safety, and convenience in mini storage rentals since the pandemic. In response, it introduced instant-use discount cash vouchers on its online store this year, a move that has been well-received by customers. Additionally, One Storage continues to offer a range of flexible payment options to enhance the overall user experience.

One Storage places a high emphasis on the personal and property safety of customers. All branches’ designs and equipment refer to the latest fire regulations and have an emergency power supply system to avoid accidents due to unstable power supply in the building or area. In addition, each branch also has a 24-hour intelligent security system to increase privacy and security levels.

One Storage leverages its professionalism and resources to contribute to society. The company currently provides low-cost or free services to several charitable organizations or their members, including Oxfam Hong Kong, People Service Centre, and Praxis (HK) Charity Limited, supporting their community service work through professional storage services, and actively participating in their charity activities. For this, One Storage has received the “Caring Company” award, acknowledging the company’s contribution to the community.

The post One Storage Advances Tech Frontier with New AI Mobile Application System appeared first on ELE Times.

Veridify, Overcoming the challenges of OT security in building automation with an STM32

Tue, 08/08/2023 - 08:50

Despite popular belief, it is possible to secure legacy embedded systems properly, even if they lack today’s iron-clad cryptographic capabilities, the latest protections, or expansive computational units. In a nutshell, that’s what Veridify Security, a member of the ST Partner Program, promises with Device Ownership Management and Enrollment (DOME™) solution. The technology provides secure device-to-device communication without needing hands-on onboarding procedures, powerful microcontrollers, or access to a cloud. The video below demonstrates DOME’s capabilities in the context of ST control units for cars. Today, we’ll see how Veridify Security is tackling a new challenge: operational technology (OT) and building automation.

Table of Contents OT security and building automation What is OT?

The Gartner Glossary defines operational technology as the “hardware and software that detects or causes a change, through the direct monitoring and/or control of industrial equipment, assets, processes, and events.” While, as the name implies, information technology (IT) focuses on data manipulation and dissemination, OT concerns the tracking and the governance of systems with physical impacts, such as grids, manufacturing plants, transportation systems, and more. Consequently, as Adam Hahn of Washington State University explains1, “OT security focuses almost exclusively on availability and safety.” As Hahn explains, while protecting the integrity, confidentiality, and availability of data is still critical, just like in IT, OT must also guard physical processes to ensure their safety, environment, dependencies, and regulation.

Failure to properly secure OT can lead to catastrophic effects. Hahn gives the example of the explosion of a gasoline pipeline that took place in Bellingham, Washington, USA, in 1999. The supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) system regulating the infrastructure suddenly became unavailable, which caused the gasoline inside the pipeline to ignite, leading to a massive explosion that took the lives of three people and was responsible for massive physical and environmental damage. Moreover, there are countless attacks that receive a lot less coverage but still have catastrophic effects. For instance, in 2016, a hack took down the central heating system in two apartment buildings in Finland for more than a week in the middle of winter.

Indeed, while most in the industry understand the importance of securing major infrastructures, like pipelines, many vastly overlook residential buildings. However, attacking such infrastructure could compromise lighting, heating, cooling, security controls, and more. Put simply, the case studies above demonstrate the critical nature of OT security, which is why Veridify Security is now turning to building automation, a domain vastly overlooked due to inherently complex challenges.

What are the inherent challenges to securing building automation?

One of the biggest challenges when bringing security to building automation is to overcome ignorance by educating owners and managers. For instance, the 2020 pandemic revealed significant security flaws in many buildings’ operational technologies that had been historically ignored. Consequently, it is critical to provide solutions that help change mindsets. There are also technical challenges inherent to building automation, such as a lack of encryption. In many instances, data is transmitted in plain text. Consequently, anyone with a basic network sniffer could intercept the information and use it to hack the system, creating massive disruptions. Additionally, the lack of common certifications worldwide further complicates the creation of a standard security solution.

Veridify Security: DOME on STM32 How to protect legacy solutions? The thermostat demo running the DOME from Veridify Security library on an STM32

Veridify Security explained that it created a DOME library for STM32 microcontrollers to solve this challenge. For instance, recent demos showed a DOME Sentry.

In a nutshell, the product from Veridify serves as an intermediary between the network and an unsecured legacy smart thermostat to protect it from attacks. As the ST Authorized Partner explained, the large memory and development ecosystem of the STM32 microcontroller vastly helped development operations. The company used ST’s low-level libraries to create firmware that’s as close to the bare metal as possible. Moreover, to ensure DOME runs on the broadest gamut of STM32 devices, Veridify Security doesn’t rely on cryptographic accelerators or other hardware IPs.

How to create new solutions?

The same demo also showed a smart thermostat using the DOME library. The configuration is far more unusual and demonstrates how new products can adopt the technology immediately. In this instance, the thermostat application and the security system ran on an STM32H7. Traditionally, smart home systems don’t integrate extensive security mechanisms because they would require more powerful processors that would significantly increase the bill of materials. However, in this instance, Veridify is showing how an STM32 MCU can easily run the control system and the DOME library for far greater security. Additionally, developers don’t have to worry about cloud access or onboarding mechanisms since DOME doesn’t require any of them, thus reducing overall costs.

Author: STMicroelectronics

Read the full article at https://blog.st.com/veridify/



The post Veridify, Overcoming the challenges of OT security in building automation with an STM32 appeared first on ELE Times.

Best Electric Scooter in USA

Mon, 08/07/2023 - 12:51

While the interest in scooter rentals has diminished, electric scooters have cemented their place. As standalone transportation options gain popularity, these compact mobility tools, featuring electric motors and user-friendly controls, provide an excellent solution for short trips – such as the concluding stretch of your travel once you disembark from a train or bus. Their manoeuvrability facilitates brisk commuting without the need for physical strain. Furthermore, owing to their smaller and lighter structure compared to traditional bicycles, they can be easily transported upstairs, conveniently placed beneath a desk, or discreetly concealed in a storage area.

Electric Scooters in the USA

1. Segway Ninebot Kickscooter F40E

This electric scooter stands out as a top choice for commuters due to its impressive versatility, demonstrating strong performance across various aspects. While it may not dominate in a single category, it compensates by offering a comprehensive array of features. It combines swiftness, portability, and a reasonable range seamlessly. The 10-inch tires contribute to a seamless ride experience, enabling you to conquer hill climbs with gradients of up to 20%. Additionally, the inclusion of a walk mode proves beneficial, allowing you to easily transport the scooter alongside you when boarding a train or reaching your workplace.

2. Xiaomi Mi Electric Scooter 4 Pro

The Xiaomi Mi 4 Pro presents itself as a dependable and lively choice suitable for a diverse range of riders. While no individual aspect takes the spotlight, it’s the scooter’s remarkable adaptability that truly shines. This particular model expertly harmonizes elements such as range, speed, weight, and price, making it a compelling option for a broad spectrum of individuals, including casual riders, commuters, travellers, and more.

3. Yvolution YES Electric Scooter

Exuding a vintage charm, this scooter draws attention with its maple wood deck and soothing matte shades such as aquamarine and rose—making it an ideal choice for riders seeking a stylish touch. However, it offers more than just aesthetics; this scooter boasts remarkable capabilities considering its cost. Its impressive capacity to ascend steep hills enables you to conquer 14% gradients within the landscapes of San Francisco or Seattle neighbourhoods. The ingenious FlexxPress design suspends the deck above the frame, effectively absorbing shocks as you traverse over rough terrain or uneven surfaces.

4. GoTrax G3 Plus Electric Scooter

Delivering a wallet-friendly option, this economical electric scooter offers most of the functionalities found in other models, all at a more accessible price range. Priced at less than $500, this scooter’s cost can be recouped within just a few months, as you bid farewell to draining your earnings on refilling your gas tank. Boasting a spacious deck that enhances stability and features cruise control for effortless journeys, this e-scooter is especially welcoming for beginners. It comes complete with a headlight, taillight, and a built-in cable lock, ensuring that all your ride essentials are within arm’s reach. Furthermore, it boasts a swift charging time, taking a mere 4.5 hours to power up, ensuring you’re ready to embark on a ride whenever the desire arises.

5. Nanrobot D5+

The Nanrobot D5+ stands strong on steep inclines, powered by twin 1000W motors for swift acceleration and conquering 45-degree hills (akin to a 100% grade). Its remarkable power outshines competitors on this list. However, its appeal goes beyond sheer might. Boasting a 50-mile range per charge, it enables day-long adventures worry-free. While weight may hinder urban commuting (unless navigating San Francisco’s hills), the scooter excels for off-road and leisure rides, impressing with smooth performance and extensive range.

6. Unagi Model One E500

The Unagi Model One stands out due to its sleek design and meticulous craftsmanship, evident in its meticulous details, ranging from the integrated LED display on the handlebars to the strategically placed air pockets within the 7.5” tires, aimed at absorbing shocks. Utilizing a carbon fibre tube, magnesium handlebars, and an aluminium chassis, all the elements contribute to its lightweight composition. Weighing just 26.5 pounds, in contrast to the 30+ pound weight of other models mentioned, this electric scooter offers an excellent option if you intend to carry it upstairs or over multiple flights. The E500 variant is equipped with a 500W battery, facilitating effortless rides up 15-degree inclines, and features dual electronic anti-lock brakes for quick and secure stops. Overall, Unagi has impressively managed to encapsulate a wealth of features within this remarkably lightweight package.

7. Kaabo Mantis King GT

Setting a new standard in battery life and range, the Kaabo Mantis King GT effortlessly surpasses its competitors. With an astonishing 56-mile range, this scooter boasts an exceptional lead of over 30 miles compared to any other model listed. However, its appeal isn’t limited to just its impressive range; it also stands as a remarkable choice for all types of commuters. Equipped with potent hydraulic brakes and the option for an ABS, it ensures unwavering confidence, regardless of the number of drivers and cyclists you share the road with.

8. Apollo City

The Apollo City scooter is a versatile choice suitable for both leisurely rides and daily commutes. It stands as a reliable option for individuals seeking a top-notch electric scooter that performs well on any type of road. With a maximum speed of 25 mph, you can effortlessly cruise around town and come to a halt smoothly, courtesy of its triple-braking system. Navigating potholes becomes a comfortable experience due to its plush front and rear spring suspension. While its weight of 39 pounds may not sound exceptionally light, it proves more manageable and manoeuvrable compared to other models offering similar range and speed capabilities.

The post Best Electric Scooter in USA appeared first on ELE Times.

Leading Semiconductor Industry Players Join Forces to Accelerate RISC-V

Mon, 08/07/2023 - 08:54

Establishing a new company to drive RISC-V ecosystem and hardware development

Semiconductor industry players Robert Bosch GmbH, Infineon Technologies AG, Nordic Semiconductor, NXP® Semiconductors, and Qualcomm Technologies, Inc., have come together to jointly invest in a company aimed at advancing the adoption of RISC-V globally by enabling next-generation hardware development.

Formed in Germany, this company will aim to accelerate the commercialization of future products based on the open-source RISC-V architecture. The company will be a single source to enable compatible RISC-V-based products, provide reference architectures, and help establish solutions widely used in the industry. The initial application focus will be automotive but with an eventual expansion to include mobile and IoT.

At its core, RISC-V encourages innovation, allowing any company to develop cutting-edge, customized hardware based on an open-source instruction set. Further adoption of the RISC-V technology will promote even more diversity in the electronics industry – reducing the barriers to entry for smaller and emergent companies and enabling increased scalability for established companies.

The post Leading Semiconductor Industry Players Join Forces to Accelerate RISC-V appeared first on ELE Times.

Infineon to build the world’s largest 200-millimeter SiC Power Fab in Kulim, Malaysia, leading to total revenue potential of about seven billion euros by the end of the decade

Fri, 08/04/2023 - 15:19

The decarbonization trend will result in strong market growth for power semiconductors, in particular those based on wide bandgap materials. As a leader in Power Systems, Infineon Technologies AG is now taking a further, decisive step to shape this market: By significantly expanding its Kulim fab – over and above the original investment announced in February 2022 – Infineon will build the world’s largest 200-millimeter SiC (silicon carbide) Power Fab. The planned expansion is backed by customer commitments covering about five billion euros of new design wins in automotive and industrial applications as well as about one billion euros in pre-payments. Over the next five years, Infineon will additionally invest up to five billion euros in Kulim during a second construction phase for Module Three. The investment will lead to an annual SiC revenue potential of about seven billion euros by the end of the decade, together with the planned 200-millimeter SiC conversion of Villach and Kulim. This highly competitive manufacturing base will support Infineon’s SiC market share target of 30% towards the end of the decade. Infineon is confident that the company’s SiC revenue in the fiscal year 2025 will come in ahead of the target of one billion euros. “The market for silicon carbide shows accelerating growth, not only in automotive but also in a broad range of industrial applications such as solar, energy storage, and high-power EV charging. With the Kulim expansion, we will secure our leadership position in this market,” said Jochen Hanebeck, CEO of Infineon. “With the industry’s leading scale and a unique cost position, we are leveraging our competitive position of best-in-class SiC trench technology, the broadest package portfolio, and unrivaled application understanding. These factors are the areas of differentiation and success in the industry.”

Infineon has been awarded new design wins of about five billion euros along with about one billion euros in prepayments from existing and new customers: In the automotive sector, this includes six OEMs, three of them from China. Among the customers are Ford, SAIC, and Chery. In the area of renewable energies, customers include SolarEdge and three leading Chinese photovoltaic and energy storage systems companies. In addition, Infineon and Schneider Electric agreed on a capacity reservation including prepayments for power products based on silicon and silicon carbide. Infineon and the respective customers will provide more details in separate announcements in the near future. The prepayments will contribute positively to Infineon’s cash flow in the coming years and shall be fully repaid in connection with the agreed sales volumes by 2030 at the latest. The Right Honourable Dato’ Seri Anwar bin Ibrahim, Prime Minister of Malaysia, expressed his appreciation for Infineon’s commitment to creating a significant wide bandgap hub in the country. “Malaysia is putting in maximum efforts to meet its national target to decarbonize its economy and achieve net zero by 2050. Malaysia’s continued appeal as a preferred investment destination comes with a well-established landscape for developing innovative and sustainable technologies. In this vein, Infineon’s vision on green technology and sustainability puts it right at home in Malaysia. Infineon and other well-established German corporations’ continued faith in Malaysia is a vote of confidence in Malaysia’s new economic growth agenda premised on inclusivity and sustainability, enabled by strong policies on knowledge transfer, quality investments, business enablement, and socio-economic well-being based on equitable sharing of the nation’s wealth.” The Minister of Investment, Trade, and Industry (MITI), His Hon. Tengku Datuk Seri Utama Zafrul Aziz lauded Infineon’s expansion and said, “Infineon’s expansion of their world-class silicon carbide facility in Kulim marks a significant milestone in Malaysia’s pursuit of developing advanced manufacturing capabilities, creating high-skilled employment opportunities and positioning the country at the forefront of enabling green technologies, which are crucial to achieving our global sustainable development goals. The innovative power semiconductor technologies manufactured in the SiC Power Fab will also bolster Malaysia’s position as a key player in the world’s semiconductor ecosystem, with a growing role specifically in the sustainable technology supply chain. I am heartened by Infineon’s sharing of Malaysia’s commitment to address the impact of climate change and I look forward to our long-term partnership for the further development of Malaysia’s green technologies ecosystem.” Sustainability is a key element in the planning, construction and operation of the fab. The building is designed in a way that allows Infineon to make responsible use of resources such as electricity and water.

The post Infineon to build the world’s largest 200-millimeter SiC Power Fab in Kulim, Malaysia, leading to total revenue potential of about seven billion euros by the end of the decade appeared first on ELE Times.

Unravelling the Exciting World of Semiconductor Product Design

Fri, 08/04/2023 - 14:58

Imagine a world where our smartphones are as thin as a sheet of paper, yet incredibly powerful. Picture self-driving cars that navigate flawlessly through busy city streets, making split-second decisions to ensure safety. Envision smart home devices that anticipate our needs and create a seamless living experience. All these revolutionary technologies are made possible by the brilliance of semiconductor product design.

In the realm of advanced electronics, semiconductor product design stands at the forefront of innovation, powering the modern world with cutting-edge technology. Behind the sleek devices we adore and the sophisticated systems we rely on lies the genius of skilled professionals who bridge the gap between science and creativity. A career in semiconductor product design is not just a job; it is an adventure of transforming ideas into reality, pushing boundaries, and shaping the future.

As the electronic sector continues to thrive and evolve, the role of skill development and training gains utmost significance. The Electronic Sector Skill Council (ESSCI) plays a vital role in nurturing talent and fostering expertise in semiconductor product design and related fields. In this article, we will delve into the captivating world of semiconductor product design, explore the opportunities, and challenges it offers, and shed light on the role of the ESSCI in shaping the careers of aspiring professionals.

The Rise of the Semiconductor Industry

The semiconductor industry is a driving force behind the digital revolution, and it has evolved into a multi-trillion-dollar global enterprise. Semiconductors are the building blocks of electronic devices, forming the heart of integrated circuits (ICs) that power everything from consumer electronics to industrial machinery and beyond. As per a Deloitte report, the Indian semiconductor market is expected to soar to $55 billion by 2026, and a significant portion, accounting for over 60% of the market, will be propelled by three key industries: smartphones and wearables, automotive components, and computing and data storage.

Role of Semiconductor Product Designers

At the heart of the semiconductor industry lies a group of highly skilled professionals known as semiconductor product designers. These visionary individuals hold the key to unlocking the potential of semiconductor devices, pushing the boundaries of what is technologically achievable. They are the architects of electronic dreams, utilising their expertise to design, develop, and optimise intricate semiconductor chips. With an exceptional mix of technical prowess and creative thinking, these professionals bring innovations to life, enabling groundbreaking technologies that reshape industries and enhance our daily lives.

Educational Pathways for Aspiring Semiconductor Product Designers

A successful career in semiconductor product design requires a strong educational foundation and a diverse skill set. Most aspiring designers pursue degrees in electrical engineering, electronics engineering, or related disciplines. These programs equip students with the fundamental knowledge of electronics, circuit theory, and physics—the building blocks of semiconductor technology.

As the field becomes more specialised, advanced degrees or skill training can provide a competitive edge. Additionally, specialised qualification and certifications focused on IC Package, VLSI Design, Package Design further enhance a designer’s expertise.

ESSCI, an industry-driven organisation established under the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship, has developed specialised qualifications, focusing on designing software and defining layouts for various types of IC Packages. ESSCI also offers a VLSI Design Engineer qualification, where individuals master the art of designing SOC-module functions using software and design tools based on given specifications.

Another significant qualification developed by ESSCI is that of an IC Package Engineer. In this QPs, the engineer is accountable for designing comprehensive packages, ensuring their feasibility and characterisation, and conducting validation. ESSCI offerings extend to include qualifications like Wafer Back Grinding Engineer and Wafer Dicing Engineer. These professionals are skilled in their respective fields, focusing on specific tasks and processes related to wafer manufacturing. To qualify for these qualifications, candidates should possess a B.E./B.Tech degree in Electronics, Material Science, or Computer Science, or hold a 3-year Diploma in Electronics, Semiconductors, or Computer Science after 12th grade, along with one year of relevant experience.

ESSCI qualifications cater to a wide range of professionals seeking to enhance their skills and knowledge in the semiconductor domain. By providing specialised training and relevant experience, ESSCI equips individuals with the expertise needed to thrive in the dynamic and innovative semiconductor industry. These qualifications pave the way for promising careers, offering opportunities to work on cutting-edge technologies and contribute to the ever-expanding world of electronics and semiconductors.

Auto EV India

Skill Set of a Semiconductor Product Designer

Semiconductor product designers possess a unique combination of technical and creative skills, enabling them to navigate the complex landscape of semiconductor design. Some key skills and knowledge areas include:

  1. Basic Circuit Design: Proficiency in designing and analysing simple electronic circuits, including both analogue and digital circuits. Knowledge of basic circuit elements, such as resistors, capacitors, inductors, diodes, and transistors.
  2. Knowledge of design tools: Semiconductor product design tools are essential for developing complex integrated circuits and other semiconductor components. Electronic Design Automation (EDA) tools like Cadence Virtuoso, Synopsys Design Compiler, and Mentor Graphics ModelSim facilitate circuit design and simulation. Computer-Aided Design (CAD) tools like Cadence Innovus and Mentor Graphics Calibre aid in physical design and layout. System-Level Design Tools, such as SystemVerilog and MATLAB/Simulink, enable system modeling and validation. These tools empower designers to create high-performance semiconductor components for various electronic devices and technologies.
  3. Verification and Testing: Rigorous verification and testing processes ensure that semiconductor designs meet stringent performance, reliability, and power consumption requirements.
  4. Problem-Solving and Innovation: The ability to approach design challenges creatively and find innovative solutions is critical in the fast-paced world of semiconductor product design.
Diverse Career Paths in Semiconductor Product Design

A career in semiconductor product design offers a vast array of opportunities for professionals to specialize in various domains and contribute to exciting projects. Some common career paths include:

  1. ASIC Design Engineer:Application-Specific Integrated Circuits (ASICs) are custom-designed ICs tailored to perform specific functions. ASIC designers work on creating these specialised chips for a wide range of applications, such as automotive, aerospace, and consumer electronics.
  2. Digital IC Design Engineer:These professionals focus on designing digital circuits and logic systems for high-performance computing, data processing, and communication applications.
  3. Analogue/Mixed-Signal IC Design Engineer:Analog and mixed-signal designers work on circuits that process continuous signals, critical in applications like audio, sensors, and power management.
  4. Memory Design Engineer:Memory designers create semiconductor products like RAM (Random Access Memory) and flash memory used in various electronic devices. They integrate multiple components onto a single chip, combining processors, memory, and peripherals into a compact system, often found in smartphones and IoT devices.
Industry Trends and Future Prospects

The semiconductor industry is witnessing several key trends, including miniaturisation and increased integration to meet the demand for smaller, more power-efficient devices. The rollout of 5G networks is driving the need for high-performance chips, while the growth of IoT and AI technologies is fuelling demand for specialised semiconductor products. The automotive sector’s transformation towards EVs and autonomous driving is also boosting the demand for semiconductor components in power electronics and ADAS.

The future of the semiconductor industry looks promising, with ongoing technological advancements leading to faster, more energy-efficient chips. Customised and specialised designs catering to various industries will gain importance. Sustainability will be a key focus, driving eco-friendly manufacturing and responsible waste management. Cybersecurity and data privacy concerns will lead to secure hardware development. Overall, the semiconductor industry will continue to thrive as it plays a vital role in shaping the digital future and meeting global technological needs.

Abhilasha Gaur, Chief Operating Officer- ESSCIAbhilasha Gaur, Chief Operating Officer- ESSCI

The post Unravelling the Exciting World of Semiconductor Product Design appeared first on ELE Times.

SPH Engineering Sets a New Standard for Drone Shows with the Latest Drone Show Technologies Updates

Fri, 08/04/2023 - 14:20

August 2, 2023 – Riga, Latvia – SPH Engineering, a leading provider of cutting-edge drone solutions, is thrilled to announce the release of three major updates – the Newest Drone Show Software v.4.2, Firmware v. 4.2, and Drone Show Creator updates. These updates bring an array of powerful features that will elevate the world of drone shows and enhance the creativity and control available to drone show professionals.

Drone Show Software Release 4.2 and Firmware v. 4.2 includes significant advancements in synchronization capabilities, with the DSS Controller now perfectly aligned with GPS time. This precise synchronization allows drone show designers to synchronize color animation and music integrated into the Drone Show Software, enabling the launch of even more vibrant shows integrated into large-scale events that involve music, pyrotechnics, and more. Users will benefit from the Weather service tool in DSS Controller which includes a weather widget, providing real-time weather data for informed decision-making during the drone show preparation stage.

Enhancements have been made to the Smart Return to Home (RTH) functionality, optimizing the return flight path of drones and enhancing safety. In case of emergencies, the Smart RTH update significantly reduces the risk of losing a substantial portion of the fleet. With Smart RTH, in the event of an unforeseen situation, the fleet can be safely returned to the starting point with minimal losses.

SPH Engineering has also developed an integration with Finale 3D, one of the most popular software for pyrotechnics. Now, Pathviewer allows the import of Drone Show Software-based shows into Finale 3D format, enabling drone show designers to simulate how a drone show will look alongside fireworks show.

Auto EV India

In addition to these notable features, Drone Show Software Release 4.2 offers various improvements. The accuracy of music synchronization has undergone a significant boost, achieving precise timings within a remarkable 10-millisecond range. The software now obtains precise GPS time directly from the RTK base station, improving accuracy. Furthermore, the software’s color animation cycle has been optimized, ensuring the correct display of variable blinking effects.

Drones now have the ability to display LED animations on the ground, empowering drone show designers with even more creative control. With path file optimization, the setup process is now up to 5 times faster than before. Now, existing PATH files can be imported back to Blender for use in more complex shows. The Blender plugin now has the ability to export UAV’s heading along with positions and colors.

With this release, SPH Engineering empowers drone show professionals to orchestrate mesmerizing drone shows with over 1500 drones, pushing the boundaries of scale and spectacle. The DSS Client has undergone significant improvements, including fixes and quality-of-life enhancements to streamline the operational process.

“We are thrilled to announce the release of Drone Show Software 4.2, showcasing remarkable advancements for our valued clients and customers. With each release, our top priority and mission are to continuously improve safety standards. We deeply care about our clients, and our ultimate mission is to empower everyone to create both safe and awe-inspiring shows. Drone Show Software 4.2 introduces a range of exciting features, including enhanced synchronization, weather services, LED animation capabilities, and more. By providing our partners and customers with these cutting-edge tools and technologies, we enable them to explore new dimensions of creativity and achieve unparalleled precision. We eagerly anticipate witnessing the extraordinary performances and innovative achievements that our esteemed partners and customers will accomplish with this exceptional release.” – Alexander Levandovskiy, Head of Drone Show Technologies at SPH Engineering.

SPH Engineering also introduces several exciting features and enhancements in the latest release of Drone Show Creator. Among these updates is the addition of the Path Files Export Functionality, enabling users to export path files for easier sharing and collaboration on drone show projects. SPH Engineering also presents mouse capturing functionality in the Color Editor. This enhancement provides a more intuitive and precise color selection experience, empowering users to achieve their desired visual effects with ease. By capturing mouse movements, users can now have greater control over color customization, resulting in stunning and visually striking drone shows.

Drone Show Technologies updates represent SPH Engineering’s commitment to pushing the boundaries of the drone show industry, offering unparalleled control, creativity, and safety to professionals.


Drone Show Technologies from SPH Engineering is a comprehensive software solution for creating and running drone shows. It allows users to create complex 3D animations, synchronize drones in real-time, and manage the whole show from a single interface. The software supports a wide range of drones and allows users to create customized shows for any occasion or event.

About Drone Show Software: https://www.sphengineering.com

The post SPH Engineering Sets a New Standard for Drone Shows with the Latest Drone Show Technologies Updates appeared first on ELE Times.

The Launch of Chandrayaan 3 – India Yet Again Scripts History

Fri, 08/04/2023 - 14:18

Quoting the Missile Man of India- Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam – “History has proven that those who dare to imagine the impossible are the ones who break human limitations,” India- the land of Space Charmers has once again come together to celebrate the glorious success of the launch of Chandrayan-3. With lSRO’s scientists leading the lunar mission from the front, the nation’s scientific and space community is stronger than ever.  

ISRO, to date, has successfully launched 120 satellites into outer space. In 2014, India not only joined the elite group of countries and became the first Asian nation to reach Mars with its Mission Mangalyaan, but also did it in its very first attempt and at a shoestring budget of just $73 billion. In 2017, ISRO yet again did the unfathomable when its Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV-C37) successfully launched 104 satellites in a single flight. Today, India has over 140 registered space-tech start-ups that are pushing boundaries in cultivating a strong ecosystem of the best space programs in the years to come. This year’s visit of the Hon’ble Prime Minister Mr. Modi to the USA also witnessed major decisions on collaboration in the space economy between the two democracies. India’s space economy was evaluated at over $9.6 billion in 2020, and considering the current splurge of investments in its space programs, it is expected to shoot up by $13 billion by 2025

Auto EV India

Shooting for the Moon – Top Facts Surrounding Chandrayaan-3

“Imagine a spacecraft hurtling through space, at ten times the speed of an aircraft, having to nearly come to a standstill to land gently on the earth – all in a matter of a few minutes and, more importantly, without any human intervention. This, in a nutshell, is a soft landing.” This explanation given by an ISRO scientist sets the tone for Chandrayan-3 and its capabilities.

The third lunar mission of ISRO – Chandrayaan-3 is a follow-on mission to Chandrayaan-2 that aims to demonstrate the end-to-end capability in soft landing and roving on the moon. It was successfully launched by LVM3 (GSLV Mk3) – the heaviest launcher in India, from Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh on 14 July 2023, at 14:35 hours IST, bringing humanity closer to the moon. If everything goes as planned, India’s Chandrayaan-3 will soft land on the south pole of the moon on August 23, 2023. 

Chandrayan-3 consists of an indigenously built Lander Module (LM), a Propulsion Module (PM), and a rover (Pragyan). The lander (Vikram) is expected to soft land at a specified lunar site and deploy the rover, which will carry out in-situ chemical analysis of the lunar surface for a lunar day (14 earth days). 

 Vikram – the lander, contains four payloads – 

  1. Chandra’s Surface Thermophysical Experiment (ChaSTE) will measure conductivity and temperature.
  2. Instrument for Lunar Seismic Activity (LSA) for measuring the seismicity around the landing site
  3. Langmuir Probe to estimate the plasma density 
  4. A passive laser Retroreflector Array for lunar ranging studies

Pragyan – the rover contains two payloads that aim to derive the elemental composition in the vicinity of the landing site.

  1. Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer 
  2. Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscope (LIBS)

While eight payloads from Chandrayan-2 have been sending remote sensing data since 2019, Chandrayaan-3 will add seven more, among which one will revolve around the moon and six will work on the lunar surface. Also, Chandrayan-3 contains a payload that will face the earth from the lunar surface to extend information that will help explore exoplanets in the future.

From what we know, unlike last time, the lander will be tracked by ISRO Telemetry, Tracking, and Command Network (Istrack) in Bengaluru. ISRO’s Chief S Somnath also said that the mission has been designed to land successfully even under scenarios of sensor failure, engine failure, algorithm, and calculation failure that have been pre-examined and measures have been developed to counteract them. 

The “Secret” Behind ISRO’s Low-Budget Missions

The Chandrayaan-3 mission took flight under a limited budget of 615 crores (USD 75 million), while, the Chandrayaan-2 and Chandrayaan-1 missions took 970 crores (USD 128 million) and 386 crore (USD 52 million) respectively. The secret to ISRO’s low-budget missions is the use of their indigenously built technology and spacecraft development procedures. 

The approach of firing at the perigee adopted by ISRO for its interplanetary missions (Chandrayaan and Mangalyaan) is a masterstroke; a highly efficient way to move from one circular orbit (such as Earth’s orbit) to another circular orbit (such as the Moon’s orbit). 

The spacecraft is first launched into a parking orbit around the Earth. Then, a series of engine burns are performed at specific points (perigee) in the orbit to increase the spacecraft’s speed (burning at perigee) or slow it down (burning at apogee). These burns gradually raise the apogee of the orbit until it reached the desired distance from the Earth to intersect with the Moon’s orbit. 

Once the spacecraft reaches the point where its apogee intersects with the Moon’s orbit, another engine burn is performed to enter a lunar transfer orbit. As the spacecraft approaches the Moon, another engine burn is executed to slow down and enter the desired lunar orbit. 

This multi-step process allows the spacecraft to use its engines efficiently and take advantage of the natural dynamics of celestial bodies’ gravitational fields to reach the Moon or other targets in space. This usually takes a few days or even weeks to complete the journey, depending on the specific mission design and goals. 

A mission like Chandrayaan is a highly complex endeavor, and the trajectory and mission design are carefully planned and optimized by ISRO scientists to ensure the success of the mission while conserving resources and achieving scientific objectives. 

By carefully planning the trajectories and timing of engine burns, the missions can execute low-energy transfers, to move from Earth’s orbit to lunar orbit. The spacecraft’s engines are precisely controlled during each maneuver to minimize fuel consumption and achieve accurate orbit insertion around the moon. 

By employing these strategies and capitalizing on the natural dynamics of space travel, ISRO conducts successful interplanetary missions while conserving precious resources, thus saving millions of dollars. 

Walking Down the Memory Lane 

While the achievements of the Indian scientific fraternity are way beyond applause, we must also remember how the nation began one of its most significant space journeys that is an inspiration to space giants like NASA. Let us have a glimpse of how far India has come in its space voyage starting with the inception of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) in 1969 under the leadership of Dr. Vikram Sarabhai who is also known as the Father of the Indian Space Program.

  • 1962 – The Indian National Committee for Space Research is established
  • 1963 – First Sounding rocket is launched from Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station in Kerala. This marks the official beginning of the Indian Space Program
  • 1965 – Launch of India’s first Indigenous Rocket Rohini-75
  • 1969 – On August 15, Indian Space Research Organisation is formed
  • 1971 – Satish Dhawan Space Centre is established in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh
  • 1975 – On April 19, the first indigenously built Indian satellite, Aryabhatta is launched into space   
  • 1979 – First Experimental Remote Sensing satellite is launched. The images traced were used in the field of hydrology and forestry
  • 1980 – On July 18, the First experimental satellite vehicle (SLV-3) is launched. India now ranks sixth among all nations globally in the space program. 
  • 1982 – Communication satellite Insat-1A is launched
  • 1984 – Rakesh Sharma becomes the first Indian astronaut to travel to space along with two other Russian astronauts
  • 1987 – ASLV (Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle) is launched 
  • 1993 – Successful maiden launch of PSLV-G with IRS-1E
  • 1994 – Successful launch of PSLV 
  • 2001 – In April, GSLV is successfully launched
  • 2008 – India’s first moon mission Chandrayan -1 is launched by PSLV
  • 2014 – India’s first interplanetary mission to the planet Mars known as the Mars Orbiter Mission and Mangalyaan is launched 
  • 2019 – Chandrayaan-2 is launched onboard GSLV MK3-M1 launcher 
  • 2023 – LVM3 M4 vehicle launches Chandrayan-3 into orbit
What does this mean for India and its Future Space Exploration? 

Mounting a mega mission, once Chandrayaan-3 soft lands on the moon on August 23, 2023 (expected date), India will become only the fourth nation to have executed a mission so intricate and extravagant. India will join the USA, China, and Russia in delivering a massive strike in the lunar mission, thus showcasing its strength and dominance in the governance of outer space.

With the government fuelling the skyrocketing growth of the space sector with new and better policies, and India signing the Artemis Accords, a US-led international partnership on planetary exploration and research, the country is looking forward to a significant partnership with France, Japan, and Australia as well. 

As a futuristic next step that will strongly position India as the “Bahubali” of the Space sector in the 21st century, globally, the Indian Cabinet Committee for Security has approved the Indian Space Policy – 2023. The policy focuses on distributing responsibilities between entities – IN-SPACe (Indian National Space Promotion and Authorisation Centre), and NSIL (New Space India Limited) – which is an institutional setup within the Department of Space (DoS), giving ISRO the freedom to now work on the Research and Development of new Space Technologies and Applications, and on further expanding the human understanding of the outer space. With this policy in action, ISRO is expecting greater participation from non-government entities – academia and research community and start-ups and industry.

Recognized for building the most cost-effective satellites in the world and taking hundreds of foreign satellites to space, ISRO plans to conduct 50 launches by 2024. The space giant aims to increase the launch frequency to 12+ a year and is also eying on several extraterrestrial exploration missions like – 

  • Aditya L1 is a planned coronagraphy spacecraft to study the solar atmosphere currently being designed and developed by ISRO and a few other Indian Space Agencies. 
  • Gaganyan is a human space flight mission under development and will be a complete Indigenous mission- developed by ISRO that will carry Indian astronauts to space. 
  • Lunar Polar Exploration Mission also known as Chandrayan-4, is a planned robotic lunar mission concept 
  • Mars Orbiter Mission-2 also known as Mangalyaan 2, is India’s second interplanetary mission expected to begin in 2024
  • Shukrayan-1 is a planned orbiter to Venus by ISRO to study the surface and atmosphere of Venus

The nation is quite upbeat about the various achievements of ISRO as it also plans to launch an unmanned mission and send a robot in the first and the second mission respectively, preceding the Gaganyan launch. 

The Sky is not the Limit for India Anymore

India’s journey in the field of Space and Technology has been nothing short of exceptional. What India has achieved in over six decades is a matter of great pride and a testimony to its centuries-old depth of scientific temperament. ISRO as an organization is an extraordinary example of how to rise above the odds. Keeping our hopes higher than ever, ISRO is also planning a mission to Jupiter and a mission to explore beyond the realms of our solar system has also been proposed. Keeping our fingers crossed, Indians are in for roller-coaster experiences as ISRO is set to make many more discoveries. 

The post The Launch of Chandrayaan 3 – India Yet Again Scripts History appeared first on ELE Times.

Brain Computing Interfaces Market is Expected to hit a Worth of US$ 6.5 Billion at CAGR of 13.6% by forecast 2033 end | Future Market Insights, Inc.

Fri, 08/04/2023 - 14:02

Future Market Insights predicts that the brain computing interfaces market will reach US$ 1.8 billion in 2023 and US$ 6.5 billion by 2033. It is projected that sales of brain computing interfaces will increase by 13.6% over the projection period. The global market for brain-computer interfaces is expected to grow due to an increasing number of brain diseases, brain tumors, and disabilities associated with strokes.

Growth in the market is expected to be driven by an increase in investments and funding in the field of brain-computer interfaces. These devices provide increased levels of freedom by enhancing or replacing human peripheral work capacities in fields such as healthcare, affective computing, gaming, robotics, and neuroscience.

Video gaming devices with BCI enhancements are in high demand, and BCI research in the defense industry will continue to drive the market. A global scientific effort has led to the development of common platforms for standardizing technology and helping to solve the problem of highly complex, nonlinear brain dynamics, including how to identify and classify them.

A growing number of BCI applications are being explored in fields such as neurorehabilitation and emotional and perceptual computing, including the restoration of communication and motor functions in people with conditions such as ALS.

Furthermore, there are many challenges and opportunities associated with brain-computer interfaces, such as ethical concerns and the need for more research. With ongoing research and development, brain-computer interfaces appear to have a promising future.

Auto EV India

Key Takeaways from this Market:
  • By-product demand for the invasive BCI market is forecasted to expand at a CAGR of 13.4% by 2033.
  • According to the research conducted by FMI, the United States is expected to reach a value of US$ 1.4 billion by the end of 2033.
  • The South Korean market for brain computing interfaces is expected to grow at a CAGR of 13.3% from 2023 to 2033.
  • According to industry reports, China’s brain computing interface sector will reach US$ 1.7 billion by 2033.
  • According to the forecast period, the market for brain computing interfaces in Japan is projected to grow at a CAGR of 13.6%.
  • According to industry forecasts, the healthcare segment will dominate the brain computing interface market by 2033 with a CAGR of 13.1%.
  • Brain computing interfaces will be dominated by the United Kingdom by 2033 at a CAGR of 13.3%.
Brain Computing Interfaces Manufacturing: How are Key Players Transforming it?

Industry participants, to gain a competitive edge over their competitors, also fund research and development projects. Market players face several challenges, including rising costs and a highly competitive environment, as well as little awareness of brain computing interfaces. Businesses are conducting marketing campaigns to raise consumer awareness of brain computing interfaces that are low-cost and highly effective.

Recent Developments:
  • In February 2023, Synechron employees are working on technology designed to improve the lives of people living with paralysis in a Brooklyn lab equipped with 3D printers and pickleball courts. With only their minds, patients can operate technology through a system implanted in their blood vessels.
  • In June 2023, Unicon, the leading developer of the hardware-agnostic operating system eLux, announced the appointment of Gregori Martnez to the position of OEM Partner & Sales Asia Pacific and Mads Skalbo to the position of Chief Revenue Officer. Unicon’s key acquisitions position the company to continue its growth and international expansion.

The post Brain Computing Interfaces Market is Expected to hit a Worth of US$ 6.5 Billion at CAGR of 13.6% by forecast 2033 end | Future Market Insights, Inc. appeared first on ELE Times.

As California Votes on Bidirectional Charging Mandate, Vertexcom Offers V2G Capable Chipsets

Fri, 08/04/2023 - 13:42

Hsinchu, Taiwan – August 2, 2023 – Vertexcom Technologies Inc., a world-class smart charging communication chip design company, observes the recent discussion and voting on V2G (Vehicle-to-Grid) mandate in the state of California. The mandate, introduced by Senate Bill 233, would require all new electric vehicles sold in California to be bidirectional capable by 2030. The goal of the legislation is to meet the state’s clean energy and pollution reduction objectives.

California is one of the leading states in EV adoption and clean energy policies. The state has set targets of getting 5 million zero-emission vehicles on its roads and achieving 60% of electricity generation from renewable resources by 2030.

SB 233, already approved by the state Senate and in July by two committees of the Assembly, is now under consideration by a third committee. The bill is likely to be the world’s first to mandate V2G capabilities in EVs.

Once the Senate Bill 233 becomes a law, all new electric vehicles sold in California from 2030 onward will have to support V2G. The mandate is expected to help reach the state’s ambitious environmental targets by promoting the efficient use of renewable energy sources and reducing greenhouse gas emissions from transportation.

Vertexcom HomePlug GreenPHY SECC chipset MSE1021 + MSEX24-i and EVCC chipset MSE1022 + MSEX25-i are ready for the implementation of ISO 15118-20 Bidirectional Power Transfer (BPT), the international standard for V2G communication. Through bidirectional charging, electric car owners can not only save money by using power from the EV when rates are high and recharging when rates are low, but also sell energy to the grid or use it to power their homes and appliances.

Auto EV India

BPT is a feature of ISO 15118-20, “2nd generation network layer and application layer requirements” published in April 2022. The standard improves on its predecessor, ISO 15118-2, by specifying bidirectional and other innovative charging capabilities in addition to AC & DC charging, Plug & Charge, and Smart Charging.

About Vertexcom Technologies

Vertexcom Technologies develops communication chips and networking software for long-range, large-scale IoT, smart grids, and automotive applications. The company offers a complete communication solution including Wi-SUN, HomePlug AV & GreenPHY, HPLC, G3-PLC, and hybrid dual-mode communication solutions. As a contributor to international communication specifications, Vertexcom participates in the development of Wi-SUN FAN 1.1 as well as G3-PLC & RF hybrid dual-mode specification.

The post As California Votes on Bidirectional Charging Mandate, Vertexcom Offers V2G Capable Chipsets appeared first on ELE Times.

Anritsu selects COMPRION SIMplifier for fully automated mobile device testing

Fri, 08/04/2023 - 13:23

Vienna, Austria – July 26, 2023 – Anritsu Corporation has seamlessly integrated the new COMPRION SIMplifier hardware in its test setup to offer their customers a fully automated test solution for speeding up and easing GCF/PTCRB conformance and carrier acceptance testing.

Anritsu has integrated the SIMplifier hardware in its ME7834NR 5G NR Mobile Device Test Platform which is used by MNOs, chipset and mobile device manufacturers to perform network operator carrier acceptance and GCF/PTCRB conformance tests. For these type of tests, physical SIM cards had to be exchanged in order to make profile updates. “By integrating the SIMplifier in our test setup, we save time, simplify configuration changes and unlock total automation to enable our customers to run tests overnight without the need for a test engineer present. In order to contribute to the expansion of the 5G mobile market, we would like to future strengthen our collaborative relationship with COMPRION,” says Keiji Kameda, General Manager of Mobile Solutions Division at Anritsu Corporation.

The COMPRION SIMplifier, a compact and portable hardware device, aims to improve the efficiency of mobile device testing by eliminating the manual process of removing and reinserting the SIM card for profile updates. This is achieved by integrating a PC/SC card reader and a device connector. Udo Willenbrink, Product Manager at COMPRION, explains: “The device is specifically designed to optimise productivity and streamline various test procedures such as GCF/PTCRB protocol conformance testing, regression testing and development testing. In addition, it can be seamlessly integrated into existing test systems, offering versatility for a wide range of use cases. We are pleased that the COMPRION SIMplifier meets Anritsu’s requirements for full test automation.”

Auto EV India


COMPRION is the worldwide leading manufacturer of test solutions for smart card interfaces, terminals, and smart cards. Covering contact-based and contactless technologies, COMPRION provides their expertise to multiple industries, especially telecommunications, payments, and M2M. Our involvement in several standardization and certification bodies enables us to integrate the latest standards and requirements into our high-quality products. As COMPRION test systems are renowned for the most accurate measurement capabilities, the company serves all top mobile phone, terminal, card and chipset manufacturers as well as mobile network operators and test houses. COMPRION also acts as technological consultant supporting many key players in the market.

About Anritsu

Anritsu Corporation (www.anritsu.com
), a global provider of innovative communications test and measurement solutions for 125 years. Anritsu’s philosophy engages customers as true partners to help develop wireless, optical, microwave/RF, and digital solutions for R&D, manufacturing, installation, and maintenance applications, as well as multidimensional service assurance solutions for network monitoring and optimization. Anritsu also provides precision microwave/RF components, optical devices, and high-speed electrical devices for communication products and systems. The company develops advanced solutions for 5G, M2M, IoT, as well as other emerging and legacy wireline and wireless communication markets. With offices throughout the world, Anritsu has approximately 4,000 employees in over 90 countries.

To learn more visit www.anritsu.com and follow Anritsu on FacebookLinkedInTwitter, and YouTube.

The post Anritsu selects COMPRION SIMplifier for fully automated mobile device testing appeared first on ELE Times.

Centre restricts laptop, PC and tablet imports; calls for licence

Fri, 08/04/2023 - 13:18

New regulations require import licences with immediate effect; will hit short-term availability of Dell, HP, Lenovo, Apple laptops; boost for domestic laptop assembly firms; unclear impact on ITeS sector

The Central government on Thursday restricted all imports of laptops, tablets, all-in-one and small-factor personal computers or PCs, requiring licences for these products to be brought into the country and sold to consumers. The move is expected to particularly impact short-term laptop availability from laptop brands that rely on assembly abroad, such as Dell, HP, Lenovo and Apple.

The notification may entail longer wait times for individual products to be cleared for import and sale in India. “The said Restriction shall not be applicable to imports under Baggage Rules,” the Directorate General of Foreign Trade said in its notification announcing the curbs, indicating that travellers may be free to bring one of these products back with them from overseas without attracting penalties.

An expensive prospect

Laptops can still be purchased online from overseas, the government clarified; however, when these are imported by individual buyers, the import duty and shipping fees may make this an expensive prospect, as tax may also have to be paid in the country from where the laptop is purchased. Devices imported for research and development, and those repaired abroad, are exempt from these restrictions.

Electronics such as laptops are generally sold at lower rates than the maximum retail price (MRP), which allows manufacturers to hike prices on short notice when needed.

Boost for domestic firms

When contacted, Dell, HP, and Lenovo declined to comment on the government’s move, with one of the affected players saying it was studying the notification.

However, the move lifted the spirits of domestic laptop assembly firms. “We currently hold the PLI for IT hardware and are manufacturing laptops for notable brands,” A. Gururaj, managing director of Optiemus Electronics said in a statement, referring to the government’s performance-linked incentive (PLI) scheme for assembling laptops and PCs domestically. “With this move, we expect further expansion of our capacity to manufacture these devices,” he added.

“With PLI… being announced for this sector, domestic manufacturing of these IT hardware goods should witness a significant boost,” Abhishek Jain, partner and national head of indirect tax at KPMG said.

Critical for the services sector

PricewaterhouseCoopers recommended that the government clarify its interpretation for imports by firms who buy these products as part of their capital expenditure. “The clarity is essential especially since these are capital goods critical for the service industry or ITeS sector,” the firm said in a note.

In 2022-23, India imported $10 billion worth of ‘automatic data processing machines and units,’ the category under which all these products fall, according to data from the Department of Commerce’s Export Import Data Bank. This was 13.27% lower than the number of imports in the previous year.

A representative of a firm that deals in high-end PCs from prominent brands — largely imported — said that they have been asking retailers for ‘stock reports’ in the hours since the restrictions were notified, referring to the inventories of laptops that have already been imported into India, and are yet to be sold by stores.

The post Centre restricts laptop, PC and tablet imports; calls for licence appeared first on ELE Times.