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LogRhythm and Exabeam Announce Intent to Merge, Harnessing Collective Innovation Strengths to Lead the Future of AI-Driven Security Operations

Sat, 05/18/2024 - 13:06

The combined company will bring together two cybersecurity SIEM and UEBA innovation leaders with renowned and demonstrated track records in serving customers with effective threat detection, investigation, and response (TDIR)

LogRhythm, the company helping security teams stop breaches by turning disconnected data and signals into trustworthy insights, and Exabeam, a global cybersecurity leader that delivers AI-driven security operations, today announced that the companies have entered into a merger agreement. The combined company will leverage the complementary strengths from each organization to take AI-driven security operations to new heights.
“Together our expertise and shared strategic vision will accelerate innovative AI-driven cybersecurity solutions for customers around the world,” said Chris O’Malley, CEO of LogRhythm. “With more than twenty years of best-in-class SIEM and UEBA experience in serving thousands of worldwide customers, we are poised to create a new employee- inspired organization that encapsulates the absolute best of what we both offer. Vigilant CISOs have eagerly awaited the emergence of a strong, customer-obsessed, singularly- focused global leader in AI-driven security operations—one that offers a best-of-breed alternative to the frustratingly complex options on the market today. That day has arrived.”
Customers will benefit from enhanced R&D investments and product innovation, greater service and support coverage and access to a larger AI-driven product portfolio, including cloud-native and on-premises options.
“As a combined organization, we will continue to push the envelope of security operations innovation with solutions that bring AI, automation, SIEM, security analytics, and UEBA together to deliver a holistic approach to combating cyberthreats,” said Adam Geller, CEO, Exabeam. “With AI and cloud as driving forces that can’t be ignored in the market, we look forward to collectively addressing the needs of our joint prospects and customers to further enhance their cybersecurity TDIR capabilities. We are proud to be named a Leader in the 2024 Gartner® Magic QuadrantTM for SIEM for the fifth straight time and to offer all that is now possible in terms of efficacy, value, speed, and scale.”
The merger is expected to close in the third quarter of 2024 and is subject to regulatory approvals and customary closing conditions. J.P. Morgan Securities LLC acted as exclusive financial advisor and Goodwin Procter LLP acted as legal advisor to Exabeam on the transaction. Kirkland & Ellis LLP acted as legal advisor to LogRhythm on the transaction.
About LogRhythm
LogRhythm helps security teams stop breaches by turning disconnected data and signals into trustworthy insights. From connecting the dots across diverse log and threat intelligence sources to using sophisticated machine learning that spots suspicious anomalies in network traffic and user behavior, LogRhythm accurately pinpoints cyberthreats and empowers professionals to respond with speed and efficiency.
With cloud-native and self-hosted deployment flexibility, out-of-the-box integrations, and advisory services, LogRhythm makes it easy to realize value quickly and adapt to an ever- evolving threat landscape. Together, LogRhythm and our customers confidently monitor, detect, investigate, and respond to cyberattacks. Learn more at logrhythm.com.

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High-level object-oriented Python package for Digitizers and Generators

Fri, 05/17/2024 - 13:02

Spectrum Instrumentation presents versatile Python programming for all its 200+ products

Bangalore, India. – 16. May 2024. Spectrum Instrumentation presents a new open-source Python package (“spcm”) that is now available for the current line of all Spectrum Instrumentation test and measurement products. The new package makes the programming of all 200+ instruments, offering sampling rates from 5 MS/s to 10 GS/s, faster and easier. Python, popular for its simplicity, versatility and flexibility, boasts an extensive collection of libraries and frameworks (such as NumPy) that significantly accelerates programming development cycles. The new spcm package allows users to take full advantage of the Python language by providing a high-level Object-Oriented Programming (OOP) interface that is specifically designed for the Spectrum Instrumentation Digitizer, AWG and Digital I/O products. It includes the full source code as well as a number of detailed examples. Available on GitHub, spcm is free of charge under the MIT license.

Spectrum’s Python package safely handles the automatic opening and closing of cards, groups of cards and Ethernet instruments, as well as the allocation of memory for transferring data to and from these devices. All the device specific functionality is capsulated in easy-to-use classes. This includes clock and trigger settings, hardware channel settings, card synchronization, direct memory access (DMA) and product features such as Block Averaging, DDS and Pulse Generator.

The package supports the use of real-world physical quantities and units (e.g. “10 MHz”) enabling the user to directly program driver settings in their preferred unit system. This removes the need for tedious manual conversions to cryptic API settings. Moreover, this package also includes support for calculations with NumPy and Matplotlib, allowing the user to handle data coming from, or going to, the products with the vast toolbox provided by those packages. Detailed examples can be found in the GitHub repository.

Installing the package is easy, thanks to its availability in the pip repository. Simply install Python and then the package with a single command: $ pip install spcm

Users can include the Spectrum Instrumentation Python package in their own programs, or fork to the repository to add more functionality. The package is directly maintained by Spectrum engineers and updates are released regularly offering bug-fixes and new features.

The example in the photo shows the opening of the first analog-output card (AWG) and programming of a simple 10 MHz sine-wave output using the DDS option.

The Spectrum Python repository is found under: https://github.com/SpectrumInstrumentation/spcm

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Gartner Identifies the Top Five Strategic Technology Trends in Software Engineering for 2024

Fri, 05/17/2024 - 10:09

By 2026, 80% of Large Software Engineering Organizations Will Establish Platform Engineering Teams, up from 45% in 2022

Gartner, Inc. announced the top five strategic technology trends in software engineering for 2024 and beyond. Analysts presented these findings during the Gartner Application Innovation & Business Solutions Summit, which is taking place here through today.

Meeting business objectives is one of their top three performance objectives for 65% of software engineering leaders, according to a Gartner survey of 300 software engineering and application development team managers in the U.S. and UK in the fourth quarter of 2023. By investing in disruptive technologies, software engineering leaders can empower their teams to meet business objectives for productivity, sustainability and growth.

“The technology trends Gartner has identified are already helping early adopters to achieve business objectives, “said Joachim Herschmann, VP Analyst at Gartner. “These disruptive tools and practices enable software engineering teams to deliver high-quality, scalable AI-powered applications, while reducing toil and friction in the software development life cycle (SDLC), improving developer experience and productivity.”

The top five strategic technology trends for software engineering for 2024 are-

  • Software Engineering Intelligence

Software engineering intelligence platforms provide a unified, transparent view of engineering processes that helps leaders to understand and measure not only velocity and flow but also quality, organizational effectiveness and business value.

Gartner predicts by 2027, 50% of software engineering organizations will use software engineering intelligence platforms to measure and increase developer productivity, compared to 5% in 2024.

  • AI-Augmented Development

Software engineering leaders need a cost-effective way to help their teams build software faster. According to the Gartner survey, 58% of respondents said their organization is using or planning to use generative AI over the next 12 months to control or reduce costs.

AI-augmented development is the use of AI technologies, such as generative AI and machine learning, to aid software engineers in designing, coding and testing applications. AI-augmented development tools integrate with a software engineer’s development environment to produce application code, enable design-to-code transformation and enhance application testing capabilities.

“Investing in AI-augmented development will support software engineering leaders in boosting developer productivity and controlling costs and can also improve their teams’ ability to deliver more value,” said Herschmann.

  • Green Software Engineering

Green software engineering is the discipline of building software that is carbon-efficient and carbon-aware. Building green software involves making energy-efficient choices for architecture and design patterns, algorithms, data structures, programming languages, language runtimes and infrastructure.

Gartner predicts by 2027, 30% of large global enterprises will include software sustainability in their non-functional requirements, up from less than 10% in 2024.

The use of compute-heavy workloads increases an organization’s carbon footprint, and generative AI-enabled applications are especially energy-intensive, so implementing green software engineering will help organizations prioritize their sustainability objectives.

  • Platform Engineering

Platform engineering reduces cognitive load for developers by offering underlying capabilities via internal developer portals and platforms that multiple product teams can use. These platforms provide a compelling “paved road” to software development, which saves time for developers and improves their job satisfaction.

Gartner predicts that by 2026, 80% of large software engineering organizations will establish platform engineering teams, up from 45% in 2022.

  • Cloud Development Environments
    Cloud development environments provide remote, ready-to-use access to a cloud-hosted development environment with minimal effort for setup and configuration. This decoupling of the development workspace from the physical workstation enables a low-friction, consistent developer experience and faster developer onboarding.

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STMicroelectronics reveals monolithic automotive synchronous buck converters for light-load, low-noise, and isolated applications

Fri, 05/17/2024 - 09:25

Save space and ease integration in car body electronics, audio systems, and inverter gate drivers

STMicroelectronics has introduced new automotive-qualified step-down synchronous DC/DC converters that save space and ease integration in applications including body electronics, audio systems, and inverter gate drivers.

The A6983 converters offer flexible design choices, comprising six non-isolated step-down converters in low-consumption and low-noise configurations and the A6983I isolated buck converter. With compensation circuitry on-chip, these highly integrated monolithic devices need only minimal external components including filtering, feedback, and a transformer with the A6983I.

The non-isolated A6983 converters can supply up to 3A load current and achieve 88% typical efficiency at full load. The low-consumption variants (A6983C) are optimized for light-load operation, with high efficiency and low output ripple, to minimize drain on the vehicle battery in applications that remain active when parked. The low-noise A6983N variants operate with constant switching frequency and minimize output ripple across the load range for optimum performance in applications such as audio-system power supplies. Both types offer a choice of 3.3V, 5.0V, and adjustable output voltage from 0.85V to VIN.

The A6983I is a 10W iso-buck converter with primary-side regulation that eliminates the need for an optocoupler. Ideal for use as an isolated gate driver for IGBTs or silicon-carbide (SiC) MOSFETs in traction inverters and on-board chargers (OBCs), this converter allows accurate adjustment of the primary output voltage. The transformer turns ratio determines the secondary voltage.

All isolated and non-isolated variants have a low quiescent operating current of 25µA and a power-saving shutdown mode that draws less than 2µA. The input-voltage range from 3.5V to 38V, and load-dump tolerance up to 40V, prevent disruption due to transients on the main supply bus. There is also output overvoltage protection, thermal protection, and internal soft start. In addition, optional spread-spectrum operation helps lower electromagnetic interference (EMI) for noise-sensitive applications, and a power-good pin that enables power sequencing. The A6983I and A6983 allow synchronization to an external clock.

The converters are offered in a 3mm x 3mm QFN16 package. Pricing starts at $1.75 for the A6983 and $1.81 for the A6983I, for orders of 1000 pieces, and free samples of the A6983 and A6983I are available from the ST eStore. The STEVAL-A6983CV1 and STEVAL-A6983NV1 A6983 evaluation boards and STEVAL-L6983IV for the A6983I are available to kickstart development and accelerate project completion.

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Greencore Electronics Drives Innovation in the Automotive Industry Through its Products

Thu, 05/16/2024 - 14:42

Greencore Electronics is making significant strides in the automotive space with its products. By focusing on smart mobility solutions like hybrid and electric vehicles, autonomous driving, and connected cars, Greencore demonstrates a forward-thinking approach to addressing the evolving needs of the automotive market while contributing to sustainability efforts. Having an in-house research and development department speaks volumes about the company’s dedication to innovation and quality assurance. It ensures that their products meet and exceed market standards, reinforcing their reputation for reliability and durability.

Overall, Greencore Electronics Pvt. Ltd. is making commendable efforts to provide comprehensive and cutting-edge solutions for various automotive needs, from convenience to safety to environmental sustainability.

Pavan Puri, Founder and Managing Director at Greencore Electronics

Rashi Bajpai, Sub-Editor at ELE Times interacted with Mr Pavan Puri, Founder and Managing Director at Greencore Electronics about their services and products.

This is an excerpt from the conversation.

 

 

ELE Times: Brief us on your product catalogue, specifying their applications and customer base.

Pavan Puri: Our product portfolio includes a fast car phone USB charger, a 3-in-1 charging cable, a door handle scratch guard with a universal design and size to fit most automobiles, and a car charger extension cable for rear seat charging. Furthermore, the shark-fit antenna allows for simple and painless installation with no drilling necessary. We also have a powerful car vacuum cleaner for both wet and dry debris, as well as a car air purifier ionizer with two ports for superior air quality. The single DIN audio system (12V) with a remote control battery and puncture repair kit repairs the tire in less than ten minutes.

The customer base for automotive electronic products includes both automotive manufacturers and end consumers. Manufacturers purchase these systems to integrate into vehicles, while end consumers (car buyers) benefit from features such as ADAS, infotainment systems, telematics, wireless connectivity, and electric/hybrid vehicle systems.

ELE Times: In light of the Make in India initiative that is driving India towards self-reliance and sustainability, how is Greencore contributing towards the same through its expertise in automotive electronics?

Pavan Puri: As a leading automotive electronics company, Greencore is committed to supporting India’s Make in India initiative by leveraging our expertise in developing innovative and sustainable automotive solutions. Recently, we took a significant step towards this goal by launching India’s first Made-in-India car vacuum cleaner. This initiative aligns perfectly with the Made-in-India initiative, as it not only demonstrates our commitment to self-reliance but also contributes to the sustainability goals of the nation.

In addition to helping the Indian economy, we are ensuring that our products are of the best quality and at an affordable price for Indian customers. Furthermore, these endeavours aid in India’s pursuit of becoming a global manufacturing hub.

ELE Times: Greencore develops cutting-edge solutions in the automotive electronics sector. What core technologies and innovations are you currently working on?

Pavan Puri: At Greencore, we’re currently focused on several essential technologies and innovations to enhance the driving experience. Our primary focus is on developing a comprehensive connected infotainment system that seamlessly integrates with other vehicle systems. We’re also working on advanced 360-degree camera systems to enhance safety and improve the driver’s visibility.

Additionally, our radar sensors are being optimized for ADAS (Advanced Driver Assistance Systems) vehicles to provide reliable collision detection and avoidance capabilities. To further support the growth of electric vehicles, we’re developing telematics tracking systems and fast charging ports for both commercial vehicles (CV) and electric vehicles (EV), ensuring efficient and convenient charging solutions.

ELE Times: Help us understand the application areas of automotive electronics in today’s times.

Pavan Puri: Automotive electronics play an important part in modern vehicles, contributing to their operation, safety, and efficiency. Automotive electronics applications include Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS), which use sensors and cameras to give features such as adaptive cruise control, lane departure warning, and automatic emergency braking to make driving safer. Infotainment systems provide entertainment, navigation, and connectivity through touchscreen displays, GPS navigation, and Bluetooth connectivity.

In addition, telematics systems use telecommunications and GPS to offer services like car tracking, remote diagnostics, and emergency support. Also, wireless connectivity, such as Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, and cellular connectivity, enables the seamless integration of smartphones and other devices, improving the overall driving experience and convenience.

ELE Times: Give us some insights into your R&D process and goals. Also, shed some light on Greencore’s vision for the next decade.

Pavan Puri: Our R&D process is deeply rooted in innovation, safety, and reliability. Our goal is to develop cutting-edge electronic systems that enhance vehicle performance, safety, and efficiency, as we prioritize detailed testing, validation, and development before launching any product. Our rigorous testing procedures ensure that our products meet the highest safety standards and comply with government regulations. Certifications are obtained as per government norms to guarantee the safety and reliability of every product we bring to market.

Greencore’s goal for the next decade involves continued breakthroughs in vehicle electronics, with an emphasis on sustainability, connectivity, and autonomous driving technology. We are dedicated to pushing the frontiers of innovation while emphasizing security as well as reliability in all of our operations.

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Rohde & Schwarz introduces the MXO 5C series, the world’s most compact oscilloscope with up to 2 GHz bandwidth

Wed, 05/15/2024 - 13:45

Rohde & Schwarz extends its portfolio with a 2U high oscilloscope/digitizer tailored for rack mount and other applications where a low-profile form factor is critical. The new MXO 5C series is the company’s first oscilloscope without an integrated display. It delivers the same peformance as the previously introduced MXO 5 series, but with a fourth of the vertical height.

Rohde & Schwarz introduces the new MXO 5C oscilloscope with four or eight channels. The new series is based on the next-generation MXO 5 oscilloscope and specifically addresses rack mount and automated test system applications where users are often confronted with space limitations. The instrument’s 2U vertical height – just 3.5” or 8.9 cm – allows engineers to deploy it in test systems where a traditional oscilloscope with a large display would not fit. The compact form factor is also of value in applications with high channel density where users need a large number of channels in a small volume. Users operate the instrument via the integrated web interface, or they interact with it exclusively programmatically and use the instrument as a high-speed digitizer.

Like other MXO oscilloscopes, the new MXO 5C series builds on next-generation MXO-EP processing ASIC technology developed by Rohde & Schwarz. It offers the fastest acquisition capture rate in the world of up to

4.5 million acquisitions per second. This makes it the world’s first compact oscilloscope that allows engineers to capture up to 99% real-time signal activity enabling them to see more signal details and infrequent events better than with any other oscilloscope.

Philip Diegmann, Vice President Oscilloscopes at Rohde & Schwarz, said: “While oscilloscopes with large displays work well for bench usage, we’ve had a number of customers ask for a version that is tailored for rack mount applications. At the same time, we have customers who need a large channel count, for example in physics. With the MXO 5C we created a unique instrument that offers the best possible performance for both scenarios.” The new form factor allows to place many channels in close proximity. The eight-channel model of the MXO 5C provides a channel density of 1500 cm3 per channel and consumes just 23 watts per channel.

While primarily designed for rack mount usage, the instrument doubles as a stand-alone bench oscilloscope. Users can simply attach an external display via the built-in DisplayPort and HDMI connectors, or they can

access the instrument’s GUI via a web interface by typing in the oscilloscope’s IP address into their browser. As the first oscilloscope to offer E-ink display technology, the MXO 5C shows the IP address and other critical information on a small non-volatile display on the front of instrument, which stays visible even when power is switched off.

Like the MXO 5, the MXO 5C series comes in both four and eight channel models, in bandwidth ranges with100 MHz, 200 MHz, 350 MHz, 500 MHz, 1 GHz, and 2 GHz models. The starting price of EUR 18 000 for the eight-channel models sets a new industry standard. Various upgrade options are available to users with demanding application needs, such as 16 digital channels with a mixed-signal oscilloscope (MSO) option, an integrated dual-channel 100 MHz arbitrary generator, protocol decode and triggering options for industry-standard buses and a frequency response analyzer to enhance the capabilities of the instrument.

The new MXO 5C series oscilloscopes are now available from Rohde & Schwarz and selected distribution channel partners. For more information on the instrument, visit :

https://www.rohde-schwarz.com/product/MXO5C

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Infineon presents XENSIV TLE49SR angle sensor family with outstanding stray field robustness

Wed, 05/15/2024 - 13:43

Infineon Technologies AG introduces the new XENSIV TLE49SR angle sensor family, which combines excellent stray field immunity with high accuracy. The sensors are ideal for applications of safety-critical automotive chassis systems such as electric power steering and vehicle height leveling.

All products in the XENSIV TLE49SR family withstand stray magnetic fields of up to 8 mT. The sensors exceed the requirements of ISO11452-8 level IV for car hybridization and electrification with 4000 A/m (equal to 5 mT) for inhomogeneous stray field and eliminate the need for external shielding.

The intrinsic accuracy of the sensors defines an angle error with less than 1°. By using a look-up table, the angle error can be reduced even further: Multi point calibration (16 variable and 32 equidistant) results in an angle error below 0.5°. This feature helps to compensate angle deviations resulting e.g. from mechanical misalignments of the manufacturing process.

The angle sensors were developed according to ISO 26262 as a “safety element out of context”. The ASIL C metric on component level enables system designs up to functional safety level ASIL D.

Availability

The first products of the new XENSIV TLE49SR angle sensor family are available now with either PWM, SENT or SPC interface. For surface mounting, they are supplied in a TDSO-8 package. Further information is available at www.infineon.com/angle-sensors/tle49srx8/.

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EXTENDED ASSORTMENT OF MEAN WELL PRODUCTS

Wed, 05/15/2024 - 11:02

Over the last decades, Mean Well has become one of the most recognisable global providers of power supply modules and converters. However, its product range also includes a broad selection of other solutions, such as KNX equipment for building automation systems.

The assortment described below includes modules compatible with the KNX system, i.e. a standard applied in home and industrial automation systems. They are used to control diverse consumers, for example actuators, motors or components with DALI interfaces for typical illumination systems. Mean Well offers numerous universal solutions for control, but also for the designing and scaling of KNX systems.

KNX AUTOMATION SYSTEMS

KNX is an open source, international standard for building automation systems that facilitates the control of illumination systems, actuators (gates, shutters, electromagnetic locks), ventilation/air conditioning systems (HVAC in its broadest sense), as well as monitoring or alarm systems (including anti-intrusion systems). A range of KNX-compatible consumer electronics products and white goods are now available. As a result, various complex systems can be created, managed, documented and diagnosed using dedicated software.

KNX power supply modulesKNX power supply modules LCM series power supply modulesLCM series power supply modules PWM series power supply modulesPWM series power supply modules Power supply for the KNX components

The first group of KNX-compatible products offered by Mean Well includes two series of power supply modules, namely KNX-20e and KNX-40e, both designed to supply diverse consumers, mostly drivers connected to the KNX networks (30 V DC output and power up to 38.4 W). They operate at standard mains voltage (180–264V AC) or direct current sources (e.g. 254–370 V DC).

The LCM and PWM series encompasses products for LED illumination systems. These are panel-mounted, constant-current (LCM, 350–1050 mA or 500–1400 mA) or constant-voltage products (PWM, 12–48 V DC). They simplify system design by eliminating the need to install additional gates for controllers, as the units can directly activate and control consumers such as LED strips, lamps or lanterns (within the basic range). The converter power rating is up to 200 W (selected models).

Note also that, in addition to their basic functionality, all these KNX-compatible converters ensure mutual synchronisation of operation and remote monitoring of power supply parameters (voltage, current, energy consumption).

KNX drivers and other equipment from the KAA series

Apart from power supply modules, Mean Well provides a range of drivers, interfaces and other auxiliary devices used to design KNX systems. They are suitable for DIN rail mounting (35 mm), which further expands their range of application, even when it comes to retrofitting work on existing systems.

KAA universal driversKAA universal drivers KAA LED drivers

The first product group includes basic drivers, i.e. relay drivers used to actuate motors, actuators, heaters, solenoid valves, etc. They feature eight channels and contacts with current-carrying capacity of 10 A or 16 A. They provide the simplest solution for remote control of consumers. As far as devices designed for LED illumination are concerned, they can additionally be used to dim the lights, for example to control their intensity and activate them with a gradual brightness enhancement effect (linear or logarithmic mode). This functionality is fully integrated with the driver circuit to use the same power source, which greatly simplifies installation/wiring.

KNX-USB interfaceKNX-USB interface KNX switch/repeaterKNX switch/repeater Ethernet-KNX routerEthernet-KNX router KNX system design and scaling

In the table above, you can see elements used to design and scale KNX networks. As the name suggests, a KNX-USB interface provides network access via any desktop computer/laptop equipped with a USB module. Such connections may be required for programming or diagnostic purposes, e.g. to adjust single controller settings. A universal serial interface can also be used to integrate a less typical device with a KNX system, e.g. a single-board computer to be configured as a remote access/control gateway. The switch/repeater comes with two RJ-45 sockets to facilitate connecting or extending network “branches” in a manner eliminating conflicts and interferences thanks to galvanic port insulation and to filtering telegrams (packages) in line with a specific hierarchy which the user can define.

An Ethernet-KNX router makes it possible to use a LAN infrastructure (and also, indirectly, the wireless WLAN infrastructure) to support a KNX system. Such a solution comes particularly handy in areas where routing new cable runs would require refurbishment work, as well as in system modernisation, servicing and scaling. The router is configured via an interface that is accessible from a web browser.

KNX-DALI converterKNX-DALI converter KNX-DALI gateKNX-DALI gate Operation with DALI interface

KNX is a powerful, but still generic standard for control/automation system communication and organisation. Therefore, in various set-ups, it may be necessary to integrate it with much more specialised solutions, such as the DALI interface(Digital Addressable Lighting Interface) used in the field of illumination system design. For example, DLC-02-KN is a gate with an output to two DALI-2 buses to operate a total of 128 control devices (ECG, Electronic Control Gear). Therefore, even very complex illumination systems (residential interiors, offices, and façade/architectural illumination systems) can be integrated with a broader-purpose building automation system. DALI gates ensure access to the diverse capabilities offered by this interface (e.g. RGBW LED strip colour and intensity adjustment, dimming/brightening rate setting, etc.), while also simplifying the presetting of individual functions and entire arrangement programmes which a user can activate via any available interface (smartphone app, wall switch, automatic/timer triggering).

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STMicroelectronics is Leading the Green Transition and Accelerating Sustainable Transformation in Technology

Wed, 05/15/2024 - 07:30

STMicroelectronics, a global semiconductor leader serving customers across the spectrum of electronics applications is among the early changemakers in the ongoing sustainability issue. The company has been consciously adopting environment-friendly norms and practices and has also charted out its plan for achieving carbon neutrality by 2027. ST has been forward-looking in establishing an ecosystem where business and technology stay relevant and focused on sustainability even under lingering geopolitical and economic disturbances. They are building sophisticated and cutting-edge systems and inculcating best practices within the organization with the utmost understanding of the fact that environmental awareness is its own reward in the semiconductor industry.

Group Vice President, Corporate Sustainability at STMicroelectronics

ST published its annual Sustainability Report 2024 that delves into insights into its 2023 performance on the ESG markers.

Rashi Bajpai, Sub-Editor at ELE Times spoke with Mr Jean-Louis Champseix, Group Vice President, Corporate Sustainability at STMicroelectronics, on the subject of carbon neutrality and the many aspects of sustainability that ST works upon actively.

 

 

 

ELE Times: Give insights into your vision and sustainability goals at a time when talks on climate change and the environment have taken centre stage on a global platform.

Jean-Louis Champseix: Sustainability is not just a corporate responsibility, but a core component of our value proposition delivering benefits to our company, our customers, and to society.

We believe that technology has a critical role to play in addressing the environmental, social, and economic challenges facing our world today. We are committed to developing innovative technologies and products that enable the transformation of our economies and societies through digitalization, smarter mobility, and decarbonization.

The company’s approach to sustainability is designed to mitigate risks, capitalize on opportunities presented by the global shift towards a more sustainable economy, and build a resilient business that can thrive in an ever-changing world.

And while climate change and environmental topics at large are at the heart of many sustainability-related discussions, sustainability encompasses not only environmental conservation efforts but also addresses social issues.

This is why ST is dedicated to upholding the highest standards of labor practices, ensuring the health and safety of its employees, and engaging in community development.

ELE Times: How does a giant like ST bring out positive results in tackling sustainability and climate goals? What steps has ST taken to ensure the organization remains driven towards attaining sustainability in all areas?

Jean-Louis Champseix: Our sustainability journey started 30 years ago. Since our first environmental policy back in 1993, we have built, step by step, a robust sustainability strategy endorsed by our top management and supported by ambitious goals and a culture of continuous improvement.

There are at least two success factors.

  • First, we embed more and more sustainability into our operations at all levels. The corporate environmental team is responsible for developing programs and procedures that enable us to work towards our environmental objectives. These are implemented by local sustainability committees, each of which develops a roadmap according to the needs of their respective sites. Our manufacturing sites each have an Environment, Health and Safety (EHS) steering committee responsible for implementing the environmental policy. We also launched a program to embed sustainability in each step of business strategy, planning, and decision-making. This is supported by accelerator workstreams to facilitate cross-organization collaboration in priority areas.
  • Secondly, we consider transparency a must. This is why we have been publicly reporting our target as well as our performance for 27 years. Additionally, socially Responsible Investment (SRI) rating agencies, analysts and investors regularly request detailed feedback on a wide range of Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) topics to evaluate our corporate behavior and performance. Participating in these evaluations gives us an opportunity to assess our performance within a wider context, benchmark ST against our peers and identify areas for further improvement. It also enables us to monitor investment trends and identify new risks and opportunities. These evaluations have resulted in ST’s inclusion in leading sustainability indices and rankings.

ELE Times: What have been the major challenges that ST had to overcome in the last decade to achieve a significant result in 2023? Also, highlight the top achievements in your journey towards building a more sustainable future for ST globally.

Jean-Louis Champseix: Over the last 28 years, from 1994 to 2023, we have succeeded in drastically mitigating our environmental impact per unit of production. Here are some key figures:

  • -84% of perfluorinated compounds (PFC) emissions
  • -76% of water consumption
  • -56% of electricity consumption
  • +336% of waste recycled.

As for the last decade, we have made remarkable progress in many areas, from climate action to safety.  Let’s look at responsible mineral sourcing. Responsible sourcing means companies can identify the origin of the metals contained in electronic components and ensure their extraction, transport, or trade are not associated with serious abuses related to people, working conditions, or the environment, or with bribery and money laundering. We went from 18.5% of ST products free from conflict minerals in 2012 to 100% over the last few years.

We are also proud of being among the best in class when it comes to ensuring a safe working environment to our employees. Through the collective efforts of our sites, we maintained strong safety performance results in 2023: our employee recordable injury case rate was 0.10, better than our target of 0.13.

Our journey is far from over: we intend to continually improve our performance in all areas of Sustainability.

ELE Times: Help us understand the sustainability strategy and business model that ST has adopted.

Jean-Louis Champseix: Throughout our value chain, we have integrated sustainability into our business model. We have implemented numerous programs to effectively manage our impacts, opportunities, and risks, ensuring that sustainability remains at the forefront of our operations and activities.

Our guiding principles and 24 sustainability goals are detailed in our sustainability charter. This is endorsed by Jean-Marc Chery, our President and CEO. Our progress towards these annual, 2025 and 2027 goals are described in our latest Sustainability report, with a focus on transparency.

In our business model, we leverage our expertise in the semiconductor industry to serve sectors that are pivotal for a sustainable future, such as renewable energy, electric vehicles, and smart grid technologies. The company also maintains a strong commitment to ethical business practices, transparency, and corporate social responsibility. By integrating these principles into its core operations, ST aims to not only achieve financial success but also to foster positive environmental and social outcomes, aligning with the broader goals of sustainable development.

ELE Times: ST has committed to achieving carbon neutrality by 2027. Please elaborate on the Plan of Action.

Jean-Louis Champseix: In 2020, we announced our commitment to becoming carbon neutral by 2027 on scope 1 and 2, and partially scope 3. Our carbon neutrality program comprises five main workstreams:

  • reducing as much as technically possible our direct emissions, that represented more than 50% of our total emissions, through perfluorinated compounds (PFC) abatement systems
  • investing in energy savings, in particular in our manufacturing sites where many energy-saving initiatives are implemented,
  • using renewable energies to reach 100% of electricity coming from renewable sources in 2027,
  • minimizing all our indirect emissions by optimizing product transportation, business travels and employee commuting,
  • sustainable sequestration of what cannot be avoided at the end of our roadmap through credible offsetting programs.

The programs in place at all our manufacturing sites address our direct and indirect emissions in accordance with scopes 1, 2, and partially 3 of the GHG Protocol. In 2023, we continued our progress towards carbon neutrality, with –45% of scopes 1 & 2 (versus 2018) and reaching 71% of renewable electricity sourcing.

More information on ST’s sustainability efforts can be found at https://www.st.com/content/st_com/en/about/sustainability.html

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Semiconductor Mega Trends and Career Opportunities

Tue, 05/14/2024 - 10:44

The semiconductor industry is experiencing a profound transformation, propelled by technological advancements, market dynamics, and global initiatives. In India, this transformation is particularly significant, as the nation emerges as a key player in the semiconductor landscape. Let’s delve into the mega trends shaping the semiconductor industry in 2024, the career opportunities they present, and the role of the Electronics Sector Skills Council of India (ESSCI) in preparing professionals for this dynamic field.

Semiconductor Applications Across Diverse Fields:

Semiconductor chips serve as the fundamental building blocks powering a vast array of applications, wielding control over power management, enabling intricate power electronics systems, and orchestrating indispensable functions within electronic devices. From the ubiquitous smartphones and computers to the intricate network of IoT devices, semiconductor chips form the backbone, fuelling innovation and driving the seamless integration of technology into our daily lives.

  • Driving Automotive Innovation: Semiconductor technology has spearheaded transformative advancements in the automotive sector, ushering in a new era of intelligent and dependable vehicles. By seamlessly integrating semiconductor components, automobiles have evolved to possess heightened intelligence, unparalleled reliability, and superior performance. Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) rely on semiconductor solutions for critical features such as collision avoidance, lane departure warning, and adaptive cruise control.
  • Revolutionizing Telecommunications: Semiconductor innovation is at the forefront of transforming the telecommunications landscape. With the emergence of 5G networks, semiconductor solutions are crucial for powering base stations, antennas, and network infrastructure, enabling faster data speeds, lower latency, and unparalleled connectivity. In addition to network infrastructure, semiconductor chips are integral to the development of smartphones, enabling advanced features such as AI-driven cameras, augmented reality, and facial recognition.
  • Empowering Healthcare Technologies: Semiconductor technology is revolutionizing healthcare by driving advancements in medical diagnostics and patient care. Medical imaging devices, including MRI and CT scanners, heavily rely on semiconductor components for signal processing and image reconstruction, enabling precise diagnostics and treatment planning. Semiconductor chips also power medical monitoring devices such as wearable fitness trackers and smart health monitors, allowing for continuous health tracking and remote patient monitoring.
  • Transforming Hearables and Wearables: The integration of semiconductor technology has led to remarkable advancements in hearable and wearable devices, revolutionizing the way we interact with technology. Hearables, such as wireless earbuds and smart headphones, leverage semiconductor chips for Bluetooth connectivity, noise cancellation, and audio processing, delivering immersive audio experiences. Similarly, wearable devices, including smartwatches and fitness trackers, rely on semiconductor solutions for sensors, data processing, and connectivity, enabling seamless health and activity tracking.

Career Opportunities in Semiconductor Technology:

As the semiconductor industry evolves in response to these mega trends, it creates exciting career opportunities for professionals across the value chain – designing, fabrication and packaging. From semiconductor design and manufacturing to research and development, there is a growing demand for skilled professionals who can innovate and drive technological advancements in the industry. The sector is expected to see more than 800,000 to 1 million job openings over the next five years, says staffing company Randstad. The government recently approved $15 billion worth of investments into the sector including from the Tata group. India’s burgeoning semiconductor sector is facing a surge in demand for talent, fuelled by new investments and the government’s ambitious plan to transform the country into a chip manufacturing hub.

  1. Semiconductor Design Engineer: Semiconductor design engineers play a crucial role in developing the architecture and circuitry of semiconductor chips. They utilize tools like Electronic Design Automation (EDA) software and simulation tools to design and optimize chip layouts for performance, power efficiency, and manufacturability.
  2. Process Engineer: Process engineers are responsible for developing and optimizing semiconductor manufacturing processes. They work closely with equipment vendors and manufacturing teams to ensure the smooth operation of semiconductor fabrication facilities, improve yield rates, and reduce production costs.
  3. Research Scientist: Research scientists in the semiconductor industry focus on exploring new materials, devices, and technologies to push the boundaries of semiconductor innovation. They conduct experiments, analyse data, and collaborate with cross-functional teams to develop next-generation semiconductor solutions.
  4. Material Engineers – Material engineers in the semiconductor industry are pivotal in researching, selecting, and optimizing the materials used in semiconductor device fabrication. Their expertise spans a wide range of materials, including silicon, gallium arsenide, and various compound semiconductors. Material engineers work closely with semiconductor design teams to ensure that the chosen materials meet the performance requirements of the intended applications while also considering factors such as cost, scalability, and reliability.
  5. Product Marketing Manager: Product marketing managers play a vital role in bringing semiconductor products to market. They conduct market research, develop marketing strategies, and collaborate with sales teams to promote semiconductor products and drive revenue growth.
  6. Quality Assurance Engineer: Quality assurance engineers ensure that semiconductor products meet the highest standards of quality and reliability. They develop and implement test plans, conduct performance testing, and analyse data to identify and address any issues or defects in semiconductor products.
  7. Packaging experts: Packaging experts in the semiconductor industry are instrumental in developing and implementing packaging solutions that safeguard semiconductor chips. Their role entails meticulous selection of packaging materials, designing efficient packaging structures to ensure protection against environmental factors and mechanical stresses, and optimizing designs for thermal management and electrical performance. They collaborate closely with design and manufacturing teams to ensure that packaging solutions meet stringent industry standards while balancing factors such as cost-effectiveness and manufacturability.
  8. Machine maintenance technicians –Machine maintenance technicians also play a crucial role in implementing preventive maintenance schedules, identifying opportunities for equipment upgrades or optimizations, and ensuring compliance with safety regulations and operational standards. Their expertise contributes to the overall efficiency and longevity of semiconductor manufacturing operations.
  9. Safety protocol checkers – These people are integral to maintaining a safe and secure work environment within semiconductor manufacturing facilities. They are responsible for enforcing safety regulations, conducting regular inspections to identify potential hazards, and implementing corrective measures to mitigate risks and prevent accidents. Safety protocol checkers also play a vital role in developing and implementing safety training programs, conducting safety audits, and promoting a culture of safety awareness among employees. Their diligence and vigilance help to safeguard the well-being of personnel, protect semiconductor manufacturing equipment, and maintain the integrity of semiconductor processes.

Qualifications: National Occupational Standards by ESSCI

As the field becomes more specialized, advanced degrees or skill training provide a competitive edge. Specialized qualifications like IC Package, VLSI Design, and Package Design enhance a designer’s expertise. As on date ESSCI has developed 25 NSQF aligned and approved qualifications on semiconductors (Design, Packaging & Manufacturing segment) and is also planning to develop more qualifications as per the need & demand of the industry especially on the Clean Room, Machine Maintenance and other related fragments, which are the need of the hour.

Short Term Qualifications & Upskilling NOS’s

ESSCI offers focused a range of qualifications covering the complete value chain of the semiconductor industry. Short Term courses such as VLSI Design Engineer, concentrating on designing SOC-module functions using software, Embedded Full Stack Engineer, IoT Hardware Analyst are some of the top courses offered for pursuing engineering graduates to gain the knowledge of EDA Tools and system design. ESSCI also provides qualifications for Wafer Back Grinding Engineer and Wafer Dicing Engineer, specialising in wafer manufacturing tasks which can be taught to ITI / Diploma students.

ESSCI also has foundation / upskilling courses in the field of Nano Science & Advance Nano Science which is also in great demand.

Also, there are some basic courses on the Industrial Safety – Electrical & Hazchem which are very crucial & important for the industrial safety requirements. The complete list of our qualifications along with their model curriculum are all uploaded on our website – https://essc-india.org/qualification-packs.php In conclusion, the semiconductor mega trends present unprecedented opportunities for India to assert its leadership in the global semiconductor industry. Through strategic investments, policy support, and talent development initiatives, India is poised to capitalize on these trends, driving innovation, fostering entrepreneurship, and creating a thriving semiconductor ecosystem for generations to come.

Dr-Abhilasha-GaurDr. Abhilasha Gaur, Chief Operating Officer
Electronics Sector Skills Council of India

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Vishay Intertechnology 600 V E Series Power MOSFET in Compact Top-Side Cooling PowerPAK® 8 x 8LR Delivers Industry’s Lowest RDS(ON)*Qg FOM

Tue, 05/14/2024 - 10:12

Fourth-Generation Device Enables Higher Power Ratings and Density Versus D²PAK While Lowering Conduction and Switching Losses to Increase Efficiency

To provide higher efficiency and power density for telecom, industrial, and computing applications, Vishay Intertechnology, Inc. today introduced its first fourth-generation 600 V E Series power MOSFET in the new PowerPAK 8 x 8LR package. Compared to previous-generation devices, the Vishay Siliconix n- channel SiHR080N60E slashes on-resistance by 27 % and resistance times gate charge, a key figure of merit (FOM) for 600 V MOSFETs used in power conversion applications, by 60 % while providing higher current in a smaller footprint than devices in the D²PAK package.

Vishay offers a broad line of MOSFET technologies that support all stages of the power conversion process, from high voltage inputs to the low voltage outputs required to power the latest high tech equipment. With the SiHR080N60E and other devices in the fourth-generation 600 V E Series family, the company is addressing the need for efficiency and power density improvements in two of the first stages of the power system architecture — power factor correction (PFC) and subsequent DC/DC converter blocks. Typical applications will include servers, edge computing, super computers, and data storage; UPS; high intensity discharge (HID) lamps and fluorescent ballast lighting; telecom SMPS; solar inverters; welding equipment; induction heating; motor drives; and battery chargers.

Measuring 10.42 mm by 8 mm by 1.65 mm, the SiHR080N60E’s compact PowerPAK 8 x 8LR package features a 50.8 % smaller footprint than the D²PAK while offering a 66 % lower height. Due to its top-side cooling, the package delivers excellent thermal capability, with an extremely low junction to case (drain) thermal resistance of 0.25 °C/W. This allows for 46 % higher current than the D²PAK at the same on-resistance level, enabling dramatically higher power density. In addition, the package’s gullwing leads provide excellent temperature cycle capability.

Built on Vishay’s latest energy-efficient E Series superjunction technology, the SiHR080N60E features low typical on-resistance of 0.074 Ω at 10 V and ultra low gate charge down to 42 nC. The resulting FOM is an industry-low 3.1 Ω*nC, which translates into reduced conduction and switching losses to save energy and increase efficiency in power systems > 2 kW. For improved switching performance in hard-switched topologies such as PFC, half-bridge, and two-switch forward designs, the MOSFET released today provides low typical effective output capacitances Co(er) and Co(tr) of 79 pF and 499 pF, respectively. The package also provides a Kelvin connection for improved switching efficiency.

The device is RoHS-compliant and halogen-free, and it is designed to withstand overvoltage transients in avalanche mode with guaranteed limits through 100 % UIS testing.

Samples and production quantities of the SiHR080N60E are available now. For lead time information, please contact your local sales office.

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Optimize IoT Device Battery Life with Emulation and Profiling Software

Tue, 05/14/2024 - 09:28

Internet of things (IoT) devices have many uses in consumer, medical, and industrial areas. With more IoT devices coming to market, battery duration becomes essential for product quality and customer satisfaction. Their safety depends on battery performance for many of these applications, such as implantable medical devices. When the expected battery life does not meet real-world requirements, the device can become very dangerous for patients.

Battery life requirements are also high for intelligent city or asset-tracking applications. A smart meter in every home or a small asset tracker in every item will need a long-lasting battery, as changing batteries over a large deployment area is not profitable. Therefore, testing and predicting a device’s battery life is more important than ever.

With battery emulation and profiling software, device designers can estimate battery life precisely. Moreover, emulation software can evaluate current drain to modify device designs that can extend battery duration.

Importance of battery profiling software

Batteries are nonideal energy sources because they interact with the device, influencing the current drain of the battery. Precise current consumption results are crucial for maximizing a device’s battery life. Consider the battery’s features when using a DC source to power the device to ensure that the current consumption results correctly imitate the battery current consumption.

There are several reasons why battery profiling and characterization are essential. Users must know how much energy the battery can hold and deliver as it drains over time. The open circuit voltage (VOC) and internal resistance (IR) change as the battery drains. These need to be plotted so that the battery profiles show the actual performance of the battery in the real world. Figure 1 shows a typical plot example of a battery profile.

Verifying the battery’s performance under certain discharge conditions and operating modes is also essential. Factors that influence battery behavior are:

  • Temperature
  • Load current profiles (constant/dynamic)
  • Different operating modes, including constant current, power, and resistance

Battery life depends on these parameters, so making different battery profiles that suit specific discharge situations is essential.

A general-purpose DC source aims to be a perfect voltage source with no output impedance by using remote sensing feedback to maintain its output voltage constant. However, unlike a battery, its voltage does not decrease with load current. Moreover, feedback regulation is not instantaneous, which causes voltage drop and overshoot when loading and unloading changes. A significant transient voltage drop can activate a device’s low-battery-voltage shutdown.

When powering a device with a DC source, emulate the battery’s characteristics for current drain results comparable to those of a battery. A regular DC source differs from a battery, but a DC source that can imitate a battery helps users get more reliable results. Make sure the power supply used has a programmable output resistance.

Extending battery life with emulation software

Using a battery emulator instead of a battery has several advantages for device testing:

  • Creates a safer test environment: By using an emulator, designers do not have to physically charge and discharge batteries, which can become dangerous with repeated cycles.
  • Achieves repeatable results: Characteristics of an emulated battery do not vary from physical batteries, whose characteristics can fluctuate after charging / discharging. They can also vary between different batteries, even in the same model.
  • Reduces test setup times: Designers can instantly simulate any state of charge (SoC) versus manually draining a battery to the desired level to speed testing.

A battery emulator operates through several steps. The initial step is to load a battery profile. This profile is the data from a graph of the battery voltage and internal resistance against the SoC, as shown in Figure 1. Designers can generate a battery profile using battery modeling software or get a profile from a battery provider.

Creating a profile with modeling software will make the profile match the current consumption for a particular device, which is more precise than a generic profile from a battery supplier. For instance, a generic profile is not helpful if the battery supplier makes the profile based on a steady current draw when the device under test has a variable current consumption. Figure 2 shows a battery profiler with a current consumption profile from a device loaded into it. The software repeats the waveform until the battery runs out of power.

Figure 2. Example of a device's current consumption waveform loaded into an advanced battery test and emulation software.Figure 2. Example of a device’s current consumption waveform loaded into an advanced battery test and emulation software.

The next step is to choose the initial SoC and the termination voltage. Designers will link the device to the emulator and begin the battery emulation with software. Battery emulators constantly monitor the current, whether charging or discharging, to dynamically compute the emulated SoC. The emulator continually adjusts its output (voltage and resistance) according to the SoC to match the loaded battery profile. The test finishes when the emulator reaches the termination voltage if the emulator discharges.

Figure 3. Example of a device's battery emulation using advanced battery test and emulation software.Figure 3. Example of a device’s battery emulation using advanced battery test and emulation software.

Designers can learn more about a device’s behavior by quickly emulating a battery at various SoCs. Figure 4 shows the information engineers can obtain from a device’s current drain. Engineers can use the data from this analysis to modify the design of the IoT device to improve battery performance.

Figure 4. Current drain analysis of a pulse oximeter medical IoT device using advanced battery test and emulation software.Figure 4. Current drain analysis of a pulse oximeter medical IoT device using advanced battery test and emulation software. Cycling battery charge/ discharge to determine capacity loss

Engineers need to know the energy a battery can store and deliver to IoT devices. Battery test and emulation software helps visually monitor battery charging and discharging to measure capacity. Software must support constant current (CC) and voltage (CV) modes for charging batteries. When the battery is nearly full using CC mode, the software must switch from CC mode to a mix of CC and CV. This mix is needed because a battery cannot be charged at the same rate when it reaches maximum voltage or capacity.

It is also crucial for the software to support constant current, constant resistance, and continuous power modes when discharging a battery. Engineers can use software to test and emulate current consumption profiles directly from a device. This feature allows engineers to quickly discharge the battery with a profile matching the current drain during usage. Running it throughout the rundown test and simulating it using the actual device to analyze the battery drain is simpler.

Battery performance can deteriorate significantly over a lifetime of charging and discharging. That is why it is essential to simulate battery cycling. Battery test and emulation software is a convenient solution, but the software must support data logging. Also, generating different charging and discharging profiles for a battery is very useful in a battery test and emulation software solution.

Designers can mix various charging and discharging sequences to simulate complex charging and discharging cycling profiles. Then, they can measure how a battery’s performance declines over time. Emulation software solutions are ideal for this as they can enable, for example, up to one thousand cycle operations to assess the battery’s aging effect and reliability under sequence test conditions.

Summary

Battery profiling and emulation software are essential for IoT device power analysis. They help improve battery life, mimic any charge and battery profile state, create more reliable and consistent test environments, and measure capacity loss and aging effects. This is important for product quality, customer satisfaction, and safety in various consumer, medical, and industrial applications.

The software ensures engineers do not have to charge and discharge batteries, which can become dangerous with repeated cycles—instantly simulating any state of charge versus manually draining a battery to the desired level. Battery software helps create a safer test environment, measures accurate, repeatable results, and reduces test setup times.

Andrew Herrera, Product Marketing Manager - Keysight TechnologiesAndrew Herrera, Product Marketing Manager – Keysight Technologies

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Waaree Renewable Technologies Limited Q4 results FY24

Mon, 05/13/2024 - 12:11
  • Record Year of Strong Growth
  • Record Revenue growth of 149.73% YoY at Rs. 876.44 crores and Record PAT growth of 167.55% YoY at Rs. 148.04 crores
  • Unexecuted Orderbook of 2,365 MWp to be executed in next 18 months

Waaree Renewable Technologies Limited, the Solar EPC subsidiary of Waaree Group, a solar developer that finances, constructs, owns and operates solar projects, has reported its audited financial results for the quarter and nine month ended March 31, 2024.

KEY PERFORMANCE HIGHLIGHTS

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FY24

  • Revenue for FY24 stood at Rs. 876.44 crores representing a growth of 149.73% YoY as compared to Rs.350.96 crores in FY23
  • EBITDA for FY24 stood at Rs. 207.18 crores as compared to Rs. 83.75 crores in FY23 representing a growth of 147.40% YoY
  • PAT for FY24 stood at Rs. 148.04 crores as compared to Rs. 55.33 crores in FY23 representing a growth of 167.55% YoY

Q4FY24

  • Revenue for Q4FY24 stood at Rs. 273.25 crores representing a growth of 344.40% YoY as compared to Rs. 61.49 crores in Q4FY23
  • EBITDA for Q4FY24 stood at Rs. 75.30 crores as compared to Rs. 22.29 crores in Q4FY23 representing a growth of 237.83% YoY
  • PAT for Q4FY24 stood at Rs. 54.18 crores as compared to Rs. 12.28 crores in Q4FY23 representing a growth of 341.41% YoY

Order book Position:

  • Unexecuted order book stands at 2,365 MWp
  • Bidding pipeline remains robust

Key Updates:

  •  The Company has successfully completed the corporate action of a stock split, reducing the face value of its Equity shares in the ratio of 1:5 per share. The face value of shares now stands at Rs. 2/- per share
  • Recent Order Wins
  • 980 MWp Ground Mounted solar power project
  • 412 MWp Ground Mounted solar power project
  • 450 MWp Ground Mounted Solar power Project
  • 4 MWp Ground Mounted solar power project

Commenting on the results Mr. Dilip Panjwani, CFO, Waaree Renewable Technologies Limited said: “As a company committed to driving sustainable solutions, we are excited to share our progress and the significant opportunities that lie ahead. India has set an ambitious target to reduce the carbon intensity of the nation’s economy by less than 45% by the end of the decade, achieve 50 percent cumulative electric power installed by 2030 from renewables, and achieve net-zero carbon emissions by 2070. The country aims for 500 GW of renewable energy installed capacity by 2030.
The country’s renewable energy market is on the rise, with a record 69GW of bids in FY2024, surpassing the government’s target. Solar power, both grid-scale and rooftop, remains the primary contributor, accounting for 81% of the added capacity. The installed solar energy capacity has increased by 30 times in the last 9 years and stands at 81.81 GW as of March 2024.
Policy initiatives like the PM Surya Ghar: Muft Bijli Yojana aim to further boost solar installations, particularly in residential areas. With a strong balance sheet and disciplined financial management, the focus is on executing profitable projects with higher returns. This progress signifies not only environmental strides but also promising economic prospects in India’s renewable energy landscape.
We are also pleased to inform you that the board of directors has recommended a dividend of Rs. 1/- for the face value of share of Rs. 2/- each. With a sound balance sheet and disciplined capital management, we are well-equipped for the next phase of growth. We also would like to extend our gratitude to stakeholders for their continued trust and support.”

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India Gears Up to Celebrate National Technology Day 2024

Fri, 05/10/2024 - 14:46

India celebrated its first National Technology Day on May 11, 1999, after the successful nuclear test at Pokhran in 1998, to commemorate the many achievements of the Indian scientific and technology fraternity. This day serves as a testament to India’s constant and relentless pursuit of excellence and innovation.  It is an opportunity to celebrate and honor the collaborative efforts of scientists, engineers, entrepreneurs, and educators, towards building a better, more efficient, and supportive innovation ecosystem.

It goes without saying that behind every technological breakthrough are countless individuals and organizations working tirelessly to break the glass ceiling and achieve the unfathomable. Hence, National Technology Day reminds the Indian community to keep investing in research and development, further cementing a culture of science and innovation while ensuring equitable access to technology for all.

India’s Story in Building a Strategic Scientific and Technology Forum 

The journey of technology and innovation has been nothing short of exceptional for India. The nation has been a treasure trove of knowledge from the very start of civilization. With a rich scientific heritage dating back thousands of years, India, to begin with, has made significant contributions including the concept of zero, the formulation of algebra and trigonometry, and the decimal system. Aryabhatta is considered to be a major early physicist and a mathematician who explicitly developed theories on the motion of planets.

Indian scientific community has made great advancements in the fields of medicine, astronomy, engineering, space, biotechnology, renewable energy, electronics, automotive, and defence. The government has put sincere efforts into establishing refined, top-notch, and highly competitive educational facilities like the Indian Institute of Technology (IITs) and Indian Institutes of Science (IISc) among others. Also, to bolster the R&D ecosystem in the country, institutions like the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) and the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) have been established.

The Indian IT industry is booming to become a global hub with MNCs like Tata Consultancy Services, Wipro, and Infosys playing a crucial role in accelerating the nation’s economic growth. The Space program has achieved significant milestones, including the launch of satellites, lunar exploration missions (Chandrayaan-1 and Chandrayaan-2), and Mars exploration (Mangalyaan).

The story doesn’t end here; India is also among the top players in biotechnology and pharmaceuticals, with rapid development in areas like vaccine development, generic drug manufacturing, and biotech research. Also, the country is investing hugely in renewable energy stressing on adopting environment-friendly ways and technology in the long run.

How far has India Come?

India in the last decade has seen major strides in the field of science and technology on a global level. Initiatives like “Make in India” launched by the GoI in 2014 aim at transforming the nation into a global manufacturing hub by attracting foreign investments, improving the ease of doing business, and promoting skill development, to revitalize the manufacturing sector and promote economic growth and job creation in the country. “Digital India” is another initiative launched with the vision of transforming India into a digitally-enabled and empowered society. It aims at leveraging digital technologies to bridge the digital divide and promote growth and development in varied sectors like electronics, automotive, IT, transportation, and communication.

With such initiatives being actively worked upon, India has been hit by the wave of startup culture. The EV sector is ramping up with denser infra being set up across the country. Technology leaders like Tesla and TATA are making their way in the EV segment in India. The country is boosting its semiconductor business with GoI investing bulk in setting up manufacturing units. We also saw mobile phone manufacturing jump 21 times to nearly Rs. 4.1 lakh Cr in the last 10 years.

Industry Speaks:

Read with us what top thought leaders have to say as we observe National Technology Day this year.

Mr. Aalok Kumar, Corporate Officer & Sr. VP – Head of the Global Smart City Business at NEC Corporation and President & CEO at NEC Corporation India

“Over the past decade, India has matured into global leadership in technological innovation. This has altered how we experience how the day-to-day services are provided and above all, how citizens utilize civic services. This transformation is fundamentally underpinned by the recognition of technology’s potential to change lives and communities for the better. Today, India is on a steady path to realizing its vision for a ‘Viksit Bharat’ by 2047, and the role of technology comes into sharp focus with greater responsibility than ever before. At this juncture, the tech innovation ethos in India is evolving to “purposeful innovation” aimed at societal good, demanding creative and responsible application of AI, ML, and big data analytics to solve day-to-day problems of the common man. 

At NEC India, our purpose is to build technology that serves the people, and as intelligent communities emerge, driven by data analytics and AI, we are proud to be playing our part in shaping a future where technology redefines citizen-centricity in civic services empowering lives. India’s unique position as a rapidly urbanizing nation undergoing large-scale digital transformation presents an unparalleled opportunity as a testing ground for innovative solutions that can be adapted to various markets worldwide.”

Mr. Sivakumar Selva Ganapathy, Vice President at OpenBlue India Software Engineering & APAC Solutions, Johnson Controls

“This year, India celebrates the 25th anniversary of National Technology Day. As we reflect on this journey, it is evident that our progress over the past two decades has been nothing short of remarkable. From our early achievements to emerging as a global technological hub today, India’s strength and capability in the domain speaks for itself.

While technology has impacted every sector in India, one area where it is poised to make a defining impact is sustainability. From building management systems analyzing occupancy patterns to AI-powered Smart grids optimizing energy distribution, technology is actively transforming cities into efficient and sustainable hubs. As a corollary, the area of green technology and green buildings is increasingly becoming more relevant, and as it continues to evolve, skilling & curriculum development assumes added importance. It is our firm belief that this can be best achieved through industry-academia collaboration. 

At Johnson Controls India, we are observing a steady increase in the adoption of technologies for green buildings, and it won’t be long before buildings evolve from merely being smart, to autonomous – capable of governing and maintaining itself! This National Technology Day, as we look at the strides made, we also look forward to witnessing the future of green technologies unfold, and renew our commitment to innovating for a green tomorrow. “

The Way Forward for India

India holds tremendous potential for innovation and collaboration in varied sectors including healthcare, education, transportation, and communication, where technology has permeated and unlocked new opportunities for growth and development.

National Technology Day is not merely about gadgets and gizmos but holds a more profound implication on how technology has impacted our society for the better. Technology has the power to democratize access to information, improve healthcare systems, enhance education, foster economic development, and promote sustainable development.

As we commemorate this day in 2024, let us look at the future with optimism and resolve and reaffirm our commitment to leverage the power of technology responsibly and ethically, to create a more inclusive and sustainable world.

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Dürr and Rohde & Schwarz collaborate on ADAS/AD functional testing for EOL and PTI

Wed, 05/08/2024 - 14:22

Automated and autonomous vehicles, which rely on sensors like cameras and radar, either assist or take over decision-making in traffic situations. Sensors’ proper interaction and functionality must be thoroughly tested to ensure road safety. Dürr and Rohde & Schwarz, a global technology group, have developed an innovative, cost-effective solution for over-the-air (OTA) vehicle-in-the-loop (VIL) testing. This solution validates conformity and effectiveness during end-of-line (EOL) testing or periodical technical inspection (PTI).

Road safety is a key challenge for future mobility, especially for automated and autonomous vehicles. Ensuring the continued functionality of advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS) and autonomous driving (AD) features is critical for long-term vehicle safety and performance. Therefore, manufacturers of vehicles equipped with these features require certification, either from a third party, authority or by self-certification. A vehicle-in-the-loop (VIL) test can validate the correct operation of all ADAS/AD functions in the end-of-line (EOL) and ensure conformity of production (COP) before a vehicle leaves the factory. In addition, maintaining proper functionality throughout a vehicle’s lifespan requires additional control measures during periodical technical inspection (PTI).

Simulating various driving scenarios

To address these additional requirements in the EOL and PTI process, Dürr and Rohde & Schwarz initiated a joint project incorporating Dürr’s patented x-road curve multi-function roll test stand, Rohde & Schwarz’ new RadEsT radar target simulator and the open-source simulation platform CARLA. The combination creates a virtual environment specifically for the camera and radar sensors installed in the test vehicle, allowing for the OTA simulation of different inspection scenarios without touching the vehicle. These scenarios include critical situations such as unintended lane departures and other vehicles braking suddenly or switching lanes directly in front of the test vehicle. The test vehicle must react promptly to changes in the VIL simulation and, if necessary, trigger the automated lane-keeping systems (ALKS) or advanced emergency braking systems (AEBS), for example, to pass inspection.

Patented technology for ultimate versatility

The 4WD x-road curve allows for unrestricted driving with steering movements, facilitating cornering maneuvers without altering the test vehicle. Laser measurement technology recognizes the front wheels’ position and steering angle while swiveling front double roller units automatically adjust for any angular difference to the driving direction. This ensures the vehicle remains centered on the test stand even at high speeds, regardless of the steering wheel’s position, and without the need for vehicle fixation, thus minimizing cycle times.

Resilient processes and precise results

RadEsT, the radar target simulator developed by Rohde & Schwarz, is exceptionally resilient to external factors, ensuring consistent performance in production and workshop environments. Its ability to provide precise and repeatable measurements makes it an invaluable tool for conducting accurate assessments in real-world conditions. Moreover, its compact and lightweight design enables easy and flexible integration at a cost-effective price point.

Easy to use test scenario generation

The open-source tool CARLA offers vehicle manufacturers or PTI organizations maximum flexibility with additional cost-saving opportunities and great potential for scenario selection. The recently announced upgrade of the CARLA simulator to Unreal Engine 5 is expected to enhance modeling, simulation realism, and performance, particularly for over-the-air camera simulation via monitors.

By combining Dürr’s patented x-road curve multi-function roll test stand, Rohde & Schwarz’ innovative radar target simulator, and the open-source platform CARLA, automated and autonomous vehicles’ full functionality can be cost-effectively evaluated to ensure proper operation in production and throughout the complete vehicle’s lifespan.

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Radiation-Tolerant DC-DC 50-Watt Power Converters Provide High-Reliability Solution for New Space Applications

Wed, 05/08/2024 - 14:10

The LE50-28 power converters are available in nine variants with single- and triple-outputs for optimal design configurability

The Low-Earth Orbit (LEO) market is rapidly growing as private and public entities alike explore the new space region for everything from 5G communication and cube satellites to IoT applications. There is an increased demand for standard space grade solutions that are reliable, cost effective and configurable. To meet this market need, Microchip Technology (Nasdaq: MCHP) today announces a new family of Radiation-Tolerant (RT) LE50-28 isolated DC-DC 50W power converters available in nine variants with single- and triple-outputs ranging from 3.3V to 28V.

The off-the-shelf LE50-28 family of power converters are designed to meet MIL-STD-461. The power converters have a companion EMI filter and offer customers ease of design to scale and customize by choosing one or three outputs based on the voltage range needed for the end application. This series provides flexibility to parallel up to four power converters to reach 200-Watts.

Designed to serve 28V bus systems, the LE50-28 isolated DC-DC power converters can be integrated with Microchip’s PolarFire® FPGAs, microcontrollers and LX7720-RT motor control sensor for a complete electrical system solution. Designers can use these high-reliability radiation-tolerant power solutions to significantly reduce system-level development time.

“The new family of LE50-28 devices enable our customers to succeed in new space and LEO environments where components must withstand harsh conditions,” said Leon Gross, vice president of Microchip’s discrete products group. “Our off-the-shelf products offer a reliable and cost-effective solution designed for the durability our customers have come to expect from Microchip.”

The LE50-28 power converters offer a variety of electrical connection and mounting options. The LE50 series is manufactured with conventional surface mount and thru-hole components on a printed wiring board. This distinction in the manufacturing process can reduce time to market and risks associated with supply chain disruptions.

The LE50-28 family offers space-grade radiation tolerance with 50 Krad Total Ionizing Dose (TID) and Single Event Effects (SEE) latch-up immunity of 37 MeV·cm2/mg linear energy transfer.

Microchip offers a wide range of components to support the new space evolution with sub-QML strategy to bridge the gap between traditional Qualified Manufacturers List (QML) components and Commercial-Off-The-Shelf (COTS) components. Designed for new space applications, sub-QML components are the optimal solution that combines the radiation tolerance of QML components with our space flight heritage that permits lower screening requirements for lower cost and shorter lead times.

Microchip’s extensive space solutions include FPGAs, power and discrete devices, memory products, communication interfaces, oscillators, microprocessors (MPUs) and MCUs, offering a broad range of options across qualification levels, and the largest qualified plastic portfolio for space applications. For more information, visit our space solutions webpage.

Support and Resources

The new family of LE50-28 devices are supported by comprehensive analysis and test reports including worst case analysis, electrical stress analysis and reliability analysis.

Pricing and Availability

The LE50-28 single-output and LE50-28 triple-output are now available. For additional information and to purchase, contact a Microchip sales representative, authorized worldwide distributor or visit Microchip’s Purchasing and Client Services website, www.microchipdirect.com.

Resources

High-res images available through Flickr or editorial contact (feel free to publish):

  • Application image: flickr.com/photos/microchiptechnology/53332596878/sizes/l
  • Video link: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XjXePfpjNa4

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Waaree Energies Limited and Ecofy Empower Indian Homeowners with Affordable Rooftop Solar Solutions and Hassle-Free Financing

Wed, 05/08/2024 - 11:51

Waaree Energies Limited, India’s largest manufacturer of solar PV modules with the largest aggregate installed capacity of 12 GW, as of June 30, 2023 (Source: CRISIL Report), has established a collaboration with Ecofy, an NBFC backed by Eversource Capital, committed to providing green finance for climate-positive initiatives. Ecofy is committing Rs 100 crores into the partnership, showcasing confidence in Waaree’s capabilities and the renewable energy sector’s growth potential.

Complementing the government’s PM Surya Ghar Yojana 2024 and leveraging favourable market conditions, this partnership is expected to contribute to India’s renewable energy transition. By synergizing Waaree Energies Limited’s solar expertise with Ecofy’s digital financing solutions, through the initiative we aim to accelerate the solarisation of over 10,000 rooftops across households and MSMEs, as envisioned in the PM Surya Ghar Yojana 2024. Through this partnership, we intend to make clean energy more accessible and affordable for homeowners, aiding in achieving the nationwide objective of solarizing households and MSME’s.

Kailash Rathi, Head of Partnerships & Co-Lending at Ecofy, added, “Our collaboration with Waaree signifies a milestone towards solar adoption at a time when the industry is at an inflection point. Over the past 15 months, Ecofy has empowered over 5000 rooftop solar customers. We have invested heavily in this segment enabling penetration through product innovation and instant approvals. As the country prepares for the peak solar season, the collaboration between Ecofy and Waaree is expected to act as a catalyst, and aid in accelerating solar adoption and penetration across diverse segments of society.”

Pankaj Vassal, President of Sales at Waaree Energies Limited, expressed enthusiasm for the collaboration, stating, “Our partnership with Ecofy represents progress towards democratizing solar power accessibility. By integrating our solar solutions with Ecofy’s financing platform, we are working towards removing barriers and aiding in accelerating the adoption of solar power across households and businesses. Ultimately, this is expected to empower more people to embrace the benefits of clean energy while collectively building a greener, more environmentally-conscious India.”

Waaree Energies Limited and Ecofy expect to play a significant role in achieving India’s energy independence goals while assisting households in embracing a greener, more cost-effective way of living.

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Kore.ai’s Research Reveals Historic Shift as Contact Center Agents and Consumers Increasingly Prefer AI-Driven Solutions

Wed, 05/08/2024 - 09:26

Kore.ai, a leader in enterprise conversational and generative AI platform technology, has unveiled its annual 2024 Agent Experience (AX) and Customer Experience (CX) Benchmark Reports, featuring historic findings that indicate the increased global acceptance of automation and self-service solutions.

Kore.ai commissioned the research to shed light on the impact of intelligent virtual assistants (IVAs) and contact center AI solutions on customer interactions and agent job satisfaction. The reports show that, for the first time, customer service agents are prioritizing advanced AI technology and automated tools over competitive salaries and a fair work environment. Similarly, consumers are increasingly embracing AI, valuing its precision and reliability. A key factor in this shift is the IVAs’ ability to offer around-the-clock assistance and smoothly transition between tasks without requiring repetitive information, significantly enhancing consumer satisfaction and comfort levels.

Kore.ai and research partner Farrell Insights surveyed 1,200 customers and 600 agents across multiple regions including the Americas, UK, Germany, India, Japan, Philippines, and Australia, and in major industries like banking, retail, healthcare, travel, telecom, and others. The key findings are collated in the Kore.ai Agent Experience (AX) and Customer Experience (CX) Benchmark Reports 2024.

Key AX Findings Include:
  • An Industry First: Tech Trumps Pay- Agents ranked three automated assistant functionalities– tools that help them better understand customer needs, reduce time spent on searches and minimize typing during call wrap-ups– higher than competitive salary and fair working conditions in terms of importance.
  • Contact Centers are Lagging- 72% of agents express a strong desire for IVAs, but contact centers are lagging in implementation, with 62% of agents reporting a lack of AI use cases. Outdated systems also hinder productivity, with 91% of agents reporting technology-related frustrations.
  • AI Education Boosts Satisfaction- Agents trained in AI report 92% job satisfaction and engagement levels compared to their non-trained counterparts (73%).
  • Win-Win with IVAs- 71% of customer service agents view increased automated assistant usage for assessing and routing customer needs as mutually beneficial for both consumers and agents.
Key CX Findings Include:
  • Customers Prioritize Accuracy and Efficiency Over Live Agent Access– For the first time, effectiveness and accuracy ranked more important than the ability to access a live agent. Additionally, 68% of customers believe that AI assistants’ ability to seamlessly carry and continue conversations across channels is important when it comes to great customer service interactions.
  • Closing Gap between Automated and Live Agent Performance- In the US, there is only a 4% gap between the rating of IVA performance vs. expectations for live agents (72% vs 76%, respectively). In the APAC region, there is no difference in performance ratings.
  • The Rise of IVAs Across Industries- Comfort with IVAs is growing across most sectors (travel, banking, retail, cable/telco/ISP) while healthcare sees direct human contact as crucial. Retail emerges as a standout sector with universal approval for AI-assisted customer service, especially in areas like product search (75% respondents reported interest) and purchasing (74%), highlighting broad trust in AI for both advisory and transactional roles.
  • 24/7 Access Appeals to All- The allure of around-the-clock access to customer service is significant among consumers, with 77% noting this is a draw for automation and IVAs. Even Boomers are on board, with 68% recognizing the benefits of self-service’s constant access. Other key elements playing crucial roles in enhancing consumer acceptance include conversational voice and the assurance of secure communication for personal information, which enterprise-grade IVAs provide.

“Having monitored this sector for over a decade, this is the first time I’ve observed such a dramatic shift in agent preferences for automation over compensation,” said Michael Farrell, President and Chief Strategist at Farrell Insight. “As effectiveness, accuracy, security, ease of use, and trust increasingly become the top priorities for both agents and consumers, the method of achieving these results becomes secondary. Our research with Kore.ai indicates a watershed trend: people are leaning towards outcome-focused interactions in customer service, driven by their positive experiences with IVAs and contact center AI solutions.”

To improve customer experience, increase agent satisfaction, and optimize contact center performance, leveraging AI-powered solutions is essential for businesses to stay ahead of the curve.

“Our latest research shows increased engagement and satisfaction with AI solutions among agents and consumers,” said Raj Koneru, CEO of Kore.ai. “Adopting AI technologies in call centers not only enhances service quality for customers but also transforms agent roles by streamlining routine tasks and improving work conditions. We aim for this research to guide organizations looking to elevate their service interactions with AI-powered automation.”

To view the Kore.ai’s full AX and CX reports, please visit::  https://kore.ai/research-analysis/?utm_source=PR

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Building Blocks of the Aviation Industry

Wed, 05/08/2024 - 09:16

The aerospace and aviation industries are experiencing massive growth following the decimation of the pandemic. There is no denying the fact that both sectors stand at the cusp of technological advancements and evolution. The field has enormously stepped up from the early days of aviation to a more sophisticated and technology-laden service industry.

The industry is undergoing a transformative change in its overall lifecycle process- from the design to the final flight and everything in between. Technology breakthroughs are yielding some exceptional results, redefining commercial aviation and space exploration. Taking a closer look into the future, the aerospace and aviation industry is poised to grow manifold in the next decade, with AI/ML and other related technologies at the forefront of innovation. 

While many trends are being worked upon simultaneously, the one that is catching the most eyeballs is the eVTOL (Electric Vertical Take-off Landing) aircraft that uses electric power to hover, take off, and land vertically. This aircraft is from the not-so-distant future and would cater to point-to-point transportation between urban areas, finding its way as an efficient alternative to ground transport. 

Achieving Sustainability with Each Flight

Sustainability has become a norm that needs to be addressed by every industry. The aviation sector is utilizing forefront technologies and finding the right resources to help reduce its carbon footprint. Airlines are exploring eco-friendly, alternative sustainable aviation fuels like biofuels that would help in reducing carbon emissions or improving aerodynamics to enhance fuel efficiency. Engineers are also developing electric and hybrid aircraft and airports placing energy-efficient practices to reduce the industry’s reliance on fossil fuels. With such initiatives peaking, the aviation sector is moving closer to achieving green goals by formulating sustainable infrastructure and energy management systems.

Technological Impetus on the Rise

Right from operations to safety, efficiency, and customer experience, the aviation industry relies extensively on technology. At the forefront is AI/ML and automation that has the potential to transform the way airlines and airports operate. The development involves streamlining processes like cargo transport, aircraft data examination, integration of HR, maintenance, and flight systems into the apt interface, integration of AI-powered software into standard flight simulation training devices that are capable of analyzing real-time data, provide instant feedback on the pilot’s performance, and provide insights to instructors. Also, the constant evolution of technologies like cloud, robotics, augmented reality, virtual reality, Big Data, the Internet of Things, and AI/ML, is bringing faster and more crisp results in data refining that would help build advanced biometric technology and other sophisticated systems.

Moreover, this is the age of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) i.e. Drones and the aviation sector is benefitting tons from their ability to access difficult-to-reach areas and capture high-quality images. These features have helped the airlines to restructure and revolutionize their maintenance and inspection approach. 

Cyber Threats Creeping into Intricate Digitised Aviation Systems 

Any industry that works on critical digital infrastructure is prone to cyber-attacks. Aviation’s digital landscape is a complex one with multiple stakeholders including airlines, airports, OEMs, and several service providers. With growing complexity, the digital ecosystem built on diverse technologies, new and old, with different levels of cybersecurity measures becomes exceedingly vulnerable and high-value targets to cyber exploitation.

Multiple points in the industry’s vast and interconnected supply chain are usual targets of cybercriminals. The attacks can disrupt operations, steal valuable data (passenger’s personal info, credit card details, flight data, etc.) called phishing, or pose indirect threats (ransomware) on third-party vendors. 

Thus, understanding the cybersecurity space becomes vital in the aviation business to brace against any possible breach.  

Apurva Gopinath, Assistant Vice President, Financial Services and Profession Group, Commercial Risk Solutions, India at Aon India Insurance Brokers Private Limited spoke about the underlying cyber threat in the aviation sector and shared insights on how businesses can adopt better and stricter cybersecurity strategies. 

Aviation Businesses are facing the most challenging cyber threat landscape yet with global ransomware damage costs predicted to reach $20 billion this year, an increase of 57X from 5 years ago. Aon’s global Digital Forensics and Incident Response (DFIR) team report that over 50 per cent of those subject to ransomware attacks pay the ransom in some form. To strengthen cyber resilience, aviation companies must adopt a risk-based approach to review the effectiveness of controls, particularly in Access Management, Business Continuity, Third Party Risk and Vulnerability Management. Some of the actions companies can take to reinforce their cybersecurity strategies include conducting vulnerability assessments and breach simulations, proactively utilizing threat intelligence to monitor the techniques and procedures of threat actors, and reviewing governance including Business Continuity, Disaster Recovery (BCDR) plans. Aviation businesses should also quantify the financial loss of cyber events listed on their cyber risk register to ensure the appropriate return of security investment (ROSI) and check contractual obligations to ensure insurance policies adequately cover any financial loss arising out of a breach.”

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STM32CubeMonitor 1.8, STM32CubeMonitor-UCPD 1.3, and STM32CubeMonitor-RF 2.12, more powerful data manipulations

Wed, 05/08/2024 - 07:42

Author: STMicroelectronics

STM32CubeMonitor 1.8 is the first version to add support for the SEGGER J-Link hardware probe. As a result, developers who are familiar with the third-party probe will be able to use it while capturing data with the ST software. It will make debugging and monitoring operations a lot simpler. As the J-Link fully supports the JTAG interface and offers download speeds of up to 4 MB/s (J-Link ULTRA+ / PRO), it also opens the door to greater development opportunities and rapid flashing operations. That’s why ST updated STM32CubeMonitor. We wanted to make the tool even more practical and enable developers to enjoy a more flexible and practical STM32 ecosystem.

ST often releases new versions of STM32CubeMonitorSTM32CubeMonitor-RF, and STM32CubeMonitor-UCPD. The tools repeatedly appear on our blog posts because many STM32 developers use them to release their products to market faster. Indeed, the challenge for any embedded system engineer is to find a comprehensive platform for their microcontroller or microprocessor. A device may have many features, but it won’t be useful if designers can’t implement them efficiently. As a result, it is critical to offer a wide range of software tools that facilitate the development of applications on STM32 devices. Let us, therefore, explore some of these tools and their new functionalities.

What’s new in STM32CubeMonitor 1.8?

The big update brought by STM32CubeMonitor 1.8 is the support for SEGGER J-Link probes. Avid readers of the ST Blog already know that SEGGER is an active member of the ST Partner Program. The company ships embOS, a real-time operating system optimized for STM32 devices. In fact, embOS was also one of the first pieces of software to receive the MadeforSTM32 label. More recently, we shared how SEGGER launched their STM32-SFI Flasher Commander to enable entire assembly lines to support software firmware installs (SFI). Hence, the support of their J-Link probes should come as no surprise.

The support of the SEGGER probe within STM32CubeMonitor is relatively straightforward. Instead of using the traditional STLINK in and out nodes acq stlink in and acq stlink out, developers just use ack jlink in and ack jlink out within the Node-RED interface. Hence, instead of having to convert the on-board STLINK into a J-Link, engineers can use the hardware probe to enjoy the SEGGER suite of software and solutions. Finally, STM32CubeMonitor 1.8 adds support for a greater range of acquisition rates when choosing a frequency lower than 1 Hz. The feature will help customize how often the software captures data, thus further optimizing its operations.

What is STM32CubeMonitor? The Netflix of MCUs

STM32CubeMonitor is a runtime variable monitoring and visualization tool with a web interface for remote connections and a graphical interface to create custom dashboards. It ensures developers can efficiently monitor their application through a graphical interface that relies on Node-RED. This flow-based programming tool enables users to create complex data representations with no coding at all. It will allow them to debug their software easily and analyze behaviors without disrupting an existing codebase. Additionally, users can share their dashboards on the Node-RED and ST communities to build on one another.

To make the first experience with STM32CubeMonitor more intuitive, the ST Wiki explains in detail how developers can monitor a variable within an application in just two steps. Users select the start address of the data they track in memory and its type. To assist in this task, we have a guide showing how to get addresses from ELF files. The interface then asks the user to select an STLINK probe.

A runtime monitoring utility based on Node-RED STM32CubeMonitorSTM32CubeMonitor

Keeping track of registers, variables in memory, interrupts, and the myriad of events that occur at any moment is daunting. Hence, manually monitoring them is so demanding that teams often do not have the resources for this endeavor. STM32CubeMonitor solves this problem and relies on Node-RED to keep things as simple as possible. Users drag and drop graphical representations of a program’s element onto a canvas to create a flow, meaning a sequence of events. For instance, conditions can trigger modules that send alerts by email or push data to a cloud platform using MQTT.

Without entering a single line of code, users can create graphs, chart plots, or generate gauges that will help them visualize values in a counter, data from a sensor, and many other aspects of an application. Additionally, the presence of a web server means that it’s possible to use these visualizations on any PC or mobile browser, whether on the local network or remotely. Moreover, thanks to the Node-RED and ST community, users can start by looking at other users’ dashboards and organically learn by studying other people’s examples.

A .CSV generator for power users

The previous version of STM32CubeMonitor (version 1.6) updated the export to CSV feature to generate files that would work better with spreadsheets. For instance, the time column moved before the value column to fit how most people set their tables. Similarly, time began at 0, and long numbers got a separator to be more readable. Finally, version 1.6 also made it easier to identify probe configurations by giving them names.

Version 1.7 of STM32CubeMonitor now builds on the previous release to bring features requested by our users to turn the CSV exporter into a powerhouse. For instance, creating and organizing multiple columns within the export interface is now possible. Previously, users would have had to run a Python script to manipulate data or do everything in their spreadsheet application, which tends to be cumbersome. Similarly, each variable gets its column and a timestamp to better track it. Hence, the new options within STM32CubeMonitor ensure users can structure their data more easily and use their spreadsheet software to view the results instead of applying time-consuming changes.

Node-RED 3.1

Since version 1.5, STM32CubeMonitor supports Node-RED 3. One of the most significant improvements is the addition of a contextual menu available when users right-click. Consequently, they can access a lot more actions and discover features that would previously require digging into menus. The other important functionality available in Node-RED 3 is junctions, a special type of node that makes it easier to route wires. It helps simplify and clarify designs by bringing greater flexibility. Version 3 also introduced debugging capabilities that expose node locations when working with sub-flows, thus helping developers see what node is generating an error message.

And since version 1.7, STM32CubeMonitor uses Node-RED 3.1, which brings notifications management at the tab level, thus offering a lot more granularity to developers tracking multiple aspects of their application. Users also get a bigger workspace (from 5000×5000 to 8000×8000) and lockable flow, which can prevent accidental changes, which is especially important when dealing with mission-critical flows. Version 3.1, released only a few months ago, also updated the context panel to include popular options absent from the previous iteration, forcing users to dig through menus. Finally, among the many other improvements, Node-RED 3.1 optimized the wiring between horizontally aligned nodes to make them significantly more readable.

Eco acquisition mode

STM32CubeMonitor features a low-power acquisition mechanism, named ECO mode, that reduces CPU consumption by lowering the ring sample rate below 10 Hz. There are many instances when developers don’t need fast data acquisition and could benefit from a lower processing load. Traditionally, the utility captures variables every 50 ms or double the low rate frequency. Thanks to the ECO mode, developers get far more granularity and can manage resources better. The feature is also quite accessible since the threshold is simply a value in the settings file. Changing it is thus straightforward.

A support tool throughout the life cycle of a product

During the prototyping phase, engineers will likely use an STLINK probe, such as one of the STLINK-V3 modules currently availableIt connects the MCU board to the PC, which will help set up the STM32CubeMonitor Dashboard and act as a gateway for the web interface. As designers prepare to ship their final product, they can create a software routine that will send data to a USB port using UART. Developers can thus still monitor their application securely by using a computer with STM32CubeMonitor connected to that USB port. As a result, the tool provides a long-term analysis that will help plan upgrades or upcoming features.

New format and symbol change notification

The latest version of STM32CubeMonitor brings the ability to export data in CSV instead of simply using a proprietary format. Users can import the information into Excel, MATLAB, and others, opening the door to more data optimization and manipulation. The new software will also throw a notification if symbols change. Put simply, the utility tracks variables by defining them in a file and associating them with a symbol. However, recompiling the code may render the symbols’ files obsolete, creating discrepancies with the Node-RED dashboard. The new STM32CubeMonitor will alert users if they forget to update the symbols’ file.

What’s new in STM32CubeMonitor-RF 2.12?

To support the latest features present in STM32WB and STM32WBA devices, STM32CubeMonitor-RF must align itself with their Bluetooth Low Energy stacks. Consequently, each new release tracks the changes brought to the microcontrollers’ firmware packages. In this instance, STM32CubeMonitor-RF 2.12 is aligned with version 1.17.0 of the firmware for the STM32WB and version 1.1.0 for the STM32WBA, the 1st wireless Cortex-M33 for more powerful and more secure Bluetooth applications. Additionally, the new utility brings support for over-the-air firmware updates on the STM32WBA and the latest Open Thread stack on the STM32WB.

What are some of the key features of STM32CubeMonitor-RF? Utility to optimize Bluetooth and 802.15.4 applications The OTA Updater and its Optimize MTU Size optionThe OTA Updater and its Optimize MTU Size option

STM32CubeMonitor-RF is a tool that tests the Bluetooth and 802.15.4 radio performance of STM32WB microcontrollers. The graphical user interface helps visualize signal strength and packet errors over time, while a command-line interface opens the door to macros, batch files, and other types of automation. Put simply, it draws from the same philosophy as the traditional STM32CubeMonitor but specializes in radio performance. Hence, developers can rapidly test their design and potentially spot issues. The utility can also sniff 802.15.4 communications between devices. The easiest way to try the utility is to connect an STM32WB development board to a computer and use its USB or UART interface.

Over-the-air performance

Since version 2.8.0, STM32CubeMonitor-RF more than doubled over-the-air performances thanks to larger data packets. When users select the “Optimize MTU size” option in the “OTA Updater”, the software tool increases OTA transfers from 16 kbit/s to 41 kbit/s. It is, therefore, an essential quality of life improvement for developers. Sending files or updating a device’s firmware are everyday operations during development. The faster speeds will ensure developers work faster and more efficiently.

Advanced Features

The software package includes advanced features like an OpenThread 1.3 stack and an 802.15.4 sniffer firmware that works with a USB dongle or a Nucleo board. STM32CubeMonitor-RF also inaugurates a new BLE Received Signal Strength Indication (RSSI) acquisition scheme, which helps determine the approximate distance between two Bluetooth devices. Faithful readers of the ST Blog will remember that the technology was crucial during the pandemic in assisting companies like Inocess in developing products such as the Nextent Tag to help maintain physical distancing guidelines.

Another milestone is that STM32CubeMonitor-RF 2.10 brought the latest features from the STM32WB BLE 5.3 firmware (stack version 1.15.0). Developers thus get to enjoy BLE extended advertising. Traditionally, Bluetooth 4 and 5 have three advertising channels only, each capable of sending a payload of 255 bytes. Thanks to extended advertisements, sending a much larger payload is possible using one of the 37 data channels. One of the three channels simply sends a header pointing to the extension. Consequently, developers don’t need to send the same data on all three channels to ensure its reception, and they can transmit more data faster.

ACI logs

CubeMonitor-RF 2.11 brought a quality of life improvement in the form of application command interface (ACI) logs in CSV format. Put simply, ACI is the mechanism that sends commands to the Bluetooth stack, and thus, one of the first logs developers look into when debugging or optimizing their software. Previously, ACI logs were only available in a traditional .txt format. The move to CSV opens the door to clearer presentations and easier manipulation. For instance, users can rapidly sort the list of commands by value, type, or number of times they were sent.

New testing capabilities

Version 2.11 of CubeMonitor-RF brought a new method of testing the reliability of 802.15.4 stacks thanks to the support of a continuous wave mode. As the name implies, it just sends an uninterrupted signal without modulation. Developers can thus perform basic but crucial measurements to gauge signal propagation under several conditions. It’s an important first test for engineers looking to understand how their design will perform. Currently, the feature is only available on devices running the STM32CubeWB 1.11.0 firmware or later.

What’s new in STM32CubeMonitor-UCPD 1.3?

STM32CubeMonitor-UCPD 1.3 is now compatible with the USB Extended Power Range (EPR), a new profile delivering 48 V at 5 A for a total of 240 W. At this level, it becomes a lot simpler to fast-charge laptops or power docking stations with multiple fast-charging ports. Moreover, 240 W also brings USB-C to more power tools, further democratizing the connector. As makers look to use one port to save resources, reuse cables, and reduce waste, support for the EPR mode enables teams to adopt the new standard faster. Furthermore, as 240 W compatible cables are now becoming available, it is critical. to adopt the profile as early as possible.

What is STM32CubeMonitor-UCPD?

STM32CubeMonitor-UCPD monitors and helps set up USB-C and Power Delivery systems on STM32 microcontrollers running the ST USB PD stack. Developers can use the tool to monitor interactions on the USB-C interface, use sink or source power profiles, and use vendor-defined messages (VDM). The tool even has predefined settings to facilitate and hasten developments by handling many of the complexities inherent to these new technologies. STM32CubeMonitor-UCPD was integral to the launch of ST’s USB-C Power Delivery ecosystem in 2019. Since then, we’ve continued to improve the software to help developers gauge performance and obtain certifications faster.

Since STM32CubeMonitor-UCPD 1.2.0 houses a Java machine, like the other tools in this blog post, the utility has everything the installer needs. Users no longer need to install Java themselves before running the application. Additionally, users can now display traces for the voltage and current bus, VDM, UCSI, and more. The new STM32CubeMonitor-UCPD also monitors electrical values from the battery. Hence, developers can track more processes and understand what happens when connecting two USB-C devices or using Power Delivery.

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