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OMRON Automation Launches New PoC Lab In India

ELE Times - Tue, 07/18/2023 - 15:04

OMRON, a leading provider of advanced industrial automation solutions, has inaugurated its new proof-of-concept lab at Baner, Pune. The facility is designed to provide customers with first-hand & closer experience, showcasing the latest advancements in the field of Automated Optical Inspection (AOI).

Inspired with OMRON’s unique i-Automation! (based on 3 “i”s – integrated, intelligent and interactive) concept, the Lab intends to serve as a platform for customers to explore OMRON’s niche and cutting-edge AOI machine 3D AOI VT-S10 series for varied optical inspection needs of SMT PCBs catering to diverse industry applications such as automotive – including EVs – telecom, consumer electronics, healthcare, to name just a few.

The 3D AOI VT-S10 series identifies and reports all types of Surface Mount Technologies (SMT) and Through Hole (TH) defects with a highly improved efficiency owing to its higher field of view (FOV), higher resolution cameras and improved accuracy of up to 99% of first pass yield (FPY).

A glimpse of OMRON New PoC Lab for AOI solutions at PuneA glimpse of OMRON New PoC Lab for AOI solutions at Pune

Its demonstration at the Lab has been completely automated by seamlessly integrating various OMRON cobots and robots such as OMRON’s LD90 AMR (Autonomous Mobile Robot)- automating the end-of-line PCB transportation aligned with OMRON’s commitment to provide customers with complete solutions.

Located in the heart of the city, the Lab will also serve as a collaborative space to encourage current and prospective partners avail physical training and skill-up workshops; get a complete evaluation of their own PCBs and attend virtual demonstration sessions. With Pune emerging as a hub for automobile and electronic industries feeding major manufacturing hubs in western India, customers can explore the integration of technologies into real-world applications across different industries.

The launch of the facility aligns with OMRON’s commitment to providing exceptional customer service and delivering innovative solutions. By offering a space where customers can witness the capabilities of the products firsthand, the company aims to help customers make informed decisions.

“We are excited to introduce our first PoC Lab focused on AOI technologies and PCB handling, where customers can see our advanced automated optical inspection automation solutions in action,” said Sameer Gandhi, MD, OMRON, Automation, India. “This facility, an addition to our existing facilities – Automation Centre, Robotics & Vision Labs- showcases our commitment to innovation and customer-centric approach. By bringing together cutting-edge technology and industry expertise, we aim to empower customers with the knowledge they need to stay ahead in today’s rapidly evolving industrial landscape and gain a deeper appreciation for the transformative impact industrial automation can have on their businesses.”


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Nuvoton Commits to 8-bit MCU Production Sustainability

ELE Times - Tue, 07/18/2023 - 14:55
Announces New MUG51 8-bit MCU Low Power Microcontrollers for Battery-free Devices
  • Nuvoton commits to 8-bit MCU production sustainability
  • Low power consumption
  • Flexible platform with rich peripheral IO
  • Wide temperature, wide voltage, ESD resistance
  • Ideal for passive stylus pens and RFID cards

Nuvoton Technology, one of the world’s leading suppliers of microcontrollers, has proudly launched its MUG51 8-bit MCU series of low power microcontrollers designed for battery-free devices. Nuvoton is committed to sustainable 8-bit MCU production and product longevity to ensure a reliable supply, giving customers the confidence to commit to long-term products, platforms, and projects.

New MUG51 Series 8-bit Low Power MCU for Battery-free Devices

The low power MUG51 series incorporates an 1T 8051 core microcontroller operating at 7.37 MHz, plus 16 KB Flash APROM and 1 KB SRAM memory within the chip. The MUG51 series supports special design power-on and resume, requiring a start-up current of just 200 μA after power-on and before Flash memory initialization, while a normal operating mode uses less than 1.3 mA. In sleep-mode, it uses less than 1 μA.

To meet flexible application design demands that minimize platform size and cost, the MUG51 series provides a rich set of peripherals including GPIO with an internal inverter, 16-bit timers, 12-bit ADC, 16-bit PWM, UART, I2C, SPI, two rail-to-rail comparators (ACMP) for stylus pen pressure measurement, and an ISO 7816-3 Smart Card interface can also configure as UART transmission.

For applications that experience extreme conditions it supports a wide operating voltage range of 1.8-5.5V, and wide operating temperature of – 40°C to 105° C, plus high resistance to electrostatic shock with EFT ±4.4 kV and ESD HBM ±7 kV.

Extensive 8-bit MCU Options for Diverse Applications

Nuvoton offers one of the industry’s broadest 8-bit MCU product portfolios and it continues to invest in developing new technologies and silicon products in response to ever changing market and customer needs, and application trends.


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New eBook from Mouser Electronics and Renesas Electronics Explores Industrial IoT Design Opportunities with TinyML

ELE Times - Tue, 07/18/2023 - 14:52

Mouser Electronics, Inc., the New Product Introduction (NPI) leader empowering innovation, has released a new eBook in collaboration with Renesas Electronics, exploring the use of artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) to drive innovation in Industrial Internet of Things (IoT) applications.

In Bringing Intelligence to the Edge: Designing Industrial IoT Applications with TinyML, six thought leaders from Mouser and Renesas offer detailed insights on how machine learning can be used to improve the design of industrial IoT (IIoT) solutions. The eBook features eight articles covering topics including AI in IoT endpoints, vision AI processing, and endpoint AI in embedded vision applications.

The rapid advance of IoT technologies has improved productivity and quality of life both at home and in the workplace. For IIoT applications, the introduction of AI and ML will lead to new use cases and fundamentally change the way in which engineers design new solutions. The application of AI and ML is particularly promising for highly constrained environments, which is now known as TinyML. Increased use of AI in IIoT design will result in devices that are less reliant on external systems, allowing the devices to make decisions without outside input or assistance. TinyML will also empower IIoT devices to process large data sets, leading to increased efficiency and new applications.

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The eBook includes quick links to a range of Renesas Electronics products, focusing on microcontrollers (MCUs) and microprocessors (MPUs). These include the RZ/V2L high-precision entry-level AI MPUs, the RA4E1 MCU group, which is targeted for connectivity and security, the RA6M3 MCU group, which is designed for low power and efficiency, and the RA4M3 MCU group, which provides a balance of performance and cost-effectiveness.

With almost 30,000 Renesas parts available to order, Mouser offers an ever-widening selection of the manufacturer’s newest products, from MCUs and MPUs to sensors and optoelectronics, all supported by a rich ecosystem of development tools and software.

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TE Connectivity ranks No. 8 among Fast Company’s Best Workplaces for Innovators

ELE Times - Tue, 07/18/2023 - 14:48

In recognition of its global culture designed to empower teams to advance important technological trends, TE Connectivity, a world leader in connectors and sensors, has earned a top-ten ranking among the 2023 Fast Company Best Workplaces for Innovators.

Developed in collaboration with Accenture, the Best Workplaces for Innovators celebrates company cultures that demonstrate an inspiring commitment to encourage and develop innovation at all levels. TE placed eighth on the list, which ranks 100 winners from around the world working in a wide variety of industries.

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“The innovation that we do alongside our customers is helping to impact our world in important ways,” said TE Connectivity CEO Terrence Curtin. “Our products are enabling electrification and renewable energy to reduce the consumption of fossil fuels. We’re also supporting faster, more stable connections to advance autonomous technology and artificial intelligence. To achieve these goals, it is vital that we create a work environment that supports our 8,000 engineers to ensure we continue to create a safer, sustainable, productive and connected future.”

One of the keys to TE’s innovative success is the ability of its global engineering teams to collaborate with each other and with customers to respond to changing market demands. In this work environment, TE’s innovators regularly show their ability to predict upcoming industry needs. For example, while some experts questioned the potential of electrifying commercial transportation, TE invested in the development of PowerTube, one of the first connection systems tailored to industry requirements and able to reliably and efficiently deliver high-voltage power from the battery to the rest of the vehicle. The newly launched product is already being integrated into the designs of major manufacturers and is expected to help advance the electrification of commercial vehicles.

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Unlocking spectrum innovations for 5G Advanced and 6G to support future wireless growth

ELE Times - Tue, 07/18/2023 - 12:21

Spectrum is the backbone that carries all voice and data in wireless communications. It is a finite resource needed to connect virtually everything around us — smartphones, cars, laptops and the Internet of Things (IoT). However, available spectrum suitable for wide-area communications is becoming increasingly scarce as wireless data consumption continues to grow exponentially. That is why the continued allocation of new spectrum and efficient management of existing spectrum used for mobile terrestrial services remain our top priorities.

Today, 5G is being commercially deployed at scale across low, mid and millimeter wave (mmWave) spectrum bands. As we look towards the future, we are working with the entire wireless ecosystem to open new mobile spectrum bands globally to support wireless growth. While it is important to continue driving new efficiencies in existing bands, by improving multiple-input, multiple-output (MIMO) performance and exploring better sharing techniques, we need to identify and allocate new spectrum bands and commercialize innovations that can make these bands suitable for mobile operations and new use cases.

Global 5G spectrum updates and innovations for future wireless systems 5G-mmWave-5G-advanced-6G-and-beyondFigure 1: Our spectrum priorities to deliver on the 5G promise and prepare for 6G. Expanding mmWave footprint and opening new mid-band spectrum

As data demands continue to soar, 5G mmWave can complement 5G sub-7 gigahertz (GHz) deployments to offer ultra-fast speeds, low latencies and enhanced user experiences in areas that need additional capacity, such as urban centers and dense venues.

Looking at the short-to-medium timeframe, our focus shifts towards opening additional sub-7 GHz bands (e.g., more bands for 5G in the 3 to 5 GHz range), which can fuel the growth of wide-area 5G use cases. The World Radiocommunication Conference 2023 (WRC-23), scheduled for November this year, will bring together administrations worldwide to address spectrum needs, including those for 5G Advanced and 6G.

Paving the path to a new level of efficiency with advanced spectrum sharing

Spectrum sharing is a key innovation that enables not only different mobile technology generations to coexist in the same band, but also different technologies, such as satellite and mobile. Qualcomm is leading the charge in developing advanced spectrum sharing technologies, aiming for optimized use of limited spectrum resources. This includes facilitating efficient use even among different operators in licensed bands, as demonstrated by our advanced 5G mmWave spectrum sharing demo.

Taking it a step further, a promising application of the spectrum sharing concept is to take it into the Open Radio Access Network (O-RAN) domain. O-RAN is a disaggregated, open radio access network architecture allowing greater flexibility and interoperability between different network components. O-RAN open fronthaul could be the basis for multiple operators to not only share the same infrastructure (e.g., radio units or RU), but also share spectrum, dynamically allocating resources based on real-time demand, and improving overall utilization. Inherently, O-RAN enables a competitive ecosystem of network equipment vendors, which can foster innovation and drive down costs for mobile operators.

6G-specturm-needsFigure 2: Making new spectrum bands available for 6G. Setting the stage for 6G

Each new wireless generation requires additional spectrum to enable major technological improvements from the previous generation. Often, these advancements are made possible due to the availability of wider, contiguous spectrum bandwidths. For example, with 5G, bandwidths increased from 20 megahertz (MHz) to 100 MHz. We anticipate that 6G requires contiguous channels of at least 500 MHz to meet future use cases.

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Identifying new spectrum bands notpreviously used for mobile terrestrial operations is challenging because of incumbent operations. It will require technical studies looking into the co-existence and compatibility with incumbent services as soon as possible. The studies will allow for the identification of bands where mobile terrestrial service can operate, which is essential to ensuring we can standardize the enabling technologies and drive timely commercial deployment at scale.

The frequency range of 7 GHz to 24 GHz — with a particular focus on the 7 GHz to 16 GHz range (called upper mid-band) — has been widely identified for 6G consideration. The 7 GHz to 16 GHz frequency range can support wide-area coverage as well as high capacity, especially with the new technological advances of 6G.

Qualcomm is developing advanced end-to-end system innovations called Giga-MIMO, which utilize a large number of antennas on both the base station and device to support wide-area communications in the upper mid-band. Our studies, so far, show that the coverage is comparable to what can be achieved with 5G massive MIMO today in the lower mid-band frequency bands. Earlier this year, we showcased our Giga-MIMO system enabling wide-area coverage in 7 GHz to 16 GHz at Mobile World Congress (MWC23).

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Top 10 Space-Tech Companies in India

ELE Times - Tue, 07/18/2023 - 11:55

By: Sanjana P. V.

India is growing and modernising by means of making significant advances in the space technology industry. With all of this innovation, they are gaining the attention of an increasing number of investors. The whole space expedition in India has been driven by ISRO, but the private sector has been cultivated to be a provider of components and sub-assemblies. With the Honourable Prime Minister’s historic statement in June 2020 to offer space to the private sector, this is now experiencing a fundamental change in perspective. Considering missions such as Mangalyan, SSLV, PSLV, Chandrayan, and others, India is focusing more on the Aerospace industry in order to be included among the top space tech nations in the world. A total of more than 100 active space startups are now operating, according to the Economic Survey of India, up from 1 in 2012. It is desirable to take a holistic approach on behalf of the entire government and have a single-minded focus on making this a success. This is our selection of the Top 10 Best Spacetech Startups in India to Watch in 2023.


Awais Ahmed and Kshitij Khandelwal launched Pixxel in 2019, and their company is focused on constructing a constellation of 24 to 30 tiny Earth-imaging satellites that would enable them to continuously and in real-time monitor the planet. By supplying real-time data and analytics, this technology is anticipated to change sectors including agriculture, mining, and urban planning. To help it achieve its major goals, Pixxel has also obtained sizeable financing from investors, such as Techstars and IvyCap Ventures. The firm mainly focuses on two things: creating the infrastructure and developing the technology needed to deploy a constellation of satellites.

Bellatrix Aerospace

Private Indian aircraft maker and small satellite business Bellatrix aircraft is based in Bangalore. Rohan Ganapathy, Nuthan Prasanna, and Yashas Karanam launched the business in 2015. The Chetak rocket from Bellatrix Aerospace was decided to be launched. The Bellatrix’s Aeon engines feed the two-stage rocket, which is fuelled by liquid methane. The business declared plans to use water as the fuel for an electric propulsion system in 2019. Bellatrix ceased production on their Chetak rocket on February 9, 2022, according to a tweet by Rohan. Bellatrix and Skyroot Aerospace made their collaboration official on February 8, 2021.

Astrome technology

In order to improve internet availability and affordability for individuals in developing nations, Neha Satak and Prasad HL Bhat launched Astrome Technologies. Their SpaceNet technology, which can tenfold each satellite’s data-carrying capacity and provide remote populations with internet speeds of up to 400 Mbps, aims to do this. This technology is intended to benefit everyone by bridging the digital divide and providing underserved communities with access to high-speed internet. Through their hardware innovation in phased array antennas and their software innovation in beam-forming and beam-steering, Astrome is continually developing the next generation of Millimeter-Wave Wireless solutions. In order to provide low-cost internet access, it has also made a debut with a local E-band radio.

Skyroot aerospace

Skyroot Aircraft is a private aircraft manufacturer and supplier of commercial launch services with its headquarters in Hyderabad, India. The business was started in 2018 by Pawan Kumar Chandana and Naga Bharath Daka, both of whom were engineers and scientists at ISRO. They design and manufacture rockets, propulsion systems, and satellite platforms for a range of applications. A variety of tiny launch vehicles that are specifically made for the market for small satellites will be developed and launched by the company. It is the first rocket launcher in the nation. On November 18, 2022, the company successfully introduced “Vikram 1”.

Agnikul Cosmos

AgniKul Cosmos, an Indian aerospace business, is situated at IIT Madras’ National Centre for Combustion R&D (NCRD). The company plans to create and launch its own small-lift rockets, such as the Agnibaan, which can deliver 100 kg of cargo into a 700 km-wide orbit. After the business constructed and launched its first rocket in 2021, it has started providing launch services for satellites weighing up to 100 kg. AgniKul and the Department of Space entered a framework agreement in September 2021 enabling AgniBaan, a two-stage small-satellite launch vehicle, to be developed with access to ISRO facilities and technological expertise.

Dhruva space

Dhruva Space is developing small satellites for the commercial, governmental, and academic industries. The company provides a full range of ground-based, orbital, and launch technical solutions. Dhruva Space Private Limited is a private aerospace company in Hyderabad, India. The company was established in 2012 by Sanjay Srikanth Nekkanti and provides whole space solutions for individuals and organisations that wish to put their own little satellites into orbit. They provide a variety of services, including ground station upkeep, sourcing launch providers, and designing and building unique satellites.

Vesta space technology

Vestaspace Technologies, situated in Pune, was founded by Arun Kumar Sureban in 2018. The company specialises in building tiny satellite systems for commercial and academic purposes. Vestaspace Technology also develops mission management and monitoring software, and the business has launched a constellation of nano-satellites into low-Earth orbit. The company offers skilled radio-based surveillance and communication services as well as wireless connection for Internet of Things applications. The company has a cooperation with ISRO and is creating audacious strategic goals for global expansion.


Satellize, a firm that specialised in producing miniature satellites for customers, was founded in 2016 by Kris Nair and Ashhar Farhan. Being the first commercial firm in India to have a satellite in space, Satellize, then known as Exseed Space, achieved history. The fourth stage of the PSLV-C45 rocket from Satellize successfully launched AISAT, also known as ExseedSat-2. The company’s major focus is on the “assembly, integration, testing, and operation of satellites,” with its main purpose being “democratising space exploration.”


One of the earliest aerospace startups in India was TeamIndus, which was established by Rahul Narayan, Indranil Chakraborty, Sameer Joshi, Dilip Chabria, and Sheelika Ravishankar in 2010. The business was founded in order to win the 2007-announced Google X Lunar Prize. The Lunar X project awarded TeamIndus $1 million for successfully testing its landing technique. The company and the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) entered into a commercial launch contract in December 2016 for their quest to land a spacecraft on the Moon.

Kawa space

Kawa Space, a company in space technology, is dedicated to creating critical infrastructure and software for space applications. The company was started by Kris Nair in 2018. For clients in a variety of industries, including agriculture, financial services, government, and risk management, it develops and runs sophisticated earth observation satellite constellations. The Kawa Platform, which is their primary product, is an intelligence platform that uses an API to provide geographic insights to IT teams all around the world. By developing space systems that are easy to deploy, they hope to reduce the need for major financial investments and lead time. It had sent one satellite into orbit in the year of its founding, and 18 more were in the works. Kawa Space wants to open up access to satellite imagery for everyone.


Space industry manufacturing is a difficult and complex process. Due to the high level of technology and accuracy involved, a significant amount of funds is required. The startup ecosystem in space is on the rise, with the first phase of businesses poised to become unicorns in the near future. A strong and positive government commitment, ISRO and IN-SPACe guidance, and mutual engagement of new and existing industry participants on the ISpA platform will undoubtedly lead to massive growth in the Indian space sector headed by our entrepreneurs.

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Reasons to Transform Current Software Test Approach

ELE Times - Tue, 07/18/2023 - 11:51

In our digital world, software is the engine that drives us forward. Companies can only grow if their software infrastructure allows. But what happens when your in-house tools cannot keep up with emerging technologies, software innovation, or your future business goals?

Keysight commissioned Forrester Consulting to survey software testing decision-makers at global enterprises to research their current software testing approach and how their approach will impact their future business decisions.

Weighing the pros and cons of in-house testing vs. automated software testing solutions

Software testing is an essential part of the software development lifecycle. It ensures that applications are high quality, meet end-user requirements, and are free from defects or bugs. Many organizations use their resources and expertise to perform software testing in-house. However, as Forrester found, decision-makers have several compelling reasons to move to a commercial software testing solution from an in-house one.

Commercial software testing

Commercial software testing solutions are designed to help organizations improve the quality of their software and reduce time-to-market. By leveraging the latest testing tools, methodologies, and best practices, these solutions can help organizations identify defects and bugs earlier in the software development lifecycle. Additionally, commercial solutions can lead to reduced development costs and improved software quality. Organizations can free up their resources and focus on core business activities, which can help accelerate time-to-market.

According to Forrester’s research data, respondents stated that using commercial solutions to reduce testing costs was the biggest business improvement their organizations expected. Furthermore, the impact was significant or transformational for their organizations.

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In-house software testing

One key finding of the study was that in-house solutions could weigh heavily on a company’s productivity and resources. According to the research, respondents with in-house solutions expect their automation investments will have a less significant impact on their organization’s ability to scale and reduce overall testing costs than those with commercially built solutions.

Also, of the respondents with in-house solutions, sixty-three percent use three or more development tools or automation solutions to conduct their testing. Having multiple dispersed testing tools costs much more than a single test automation platform.


In addition, despite having more tools at their disposal, a vast majority disclose that they are doing a lot of time-consuming and expensive manual testing to bridge gaps.

While solutions built in-house may initially appear to be more cost-effective, they underdeliver on these promises as buyers realize the reality of hidden costs associated with their implementation and maintenance.

In contrast, according to the research, respondents using commercial software testing solutions only require one or two to meet their testing needs, requiring less manual intervention.

Inability to scale and increased software testing complexities drive change

In today’s competitive business landscape, business leaders seek opportunities to scale. Keeping up with the latest technologies is crucial to staying competitive. The Forrester study states, “Companies must mature their automation strategy to meet customer demands and deliver at scale.”

While in-house software testing can be cost-effective in some cases, it can also be expensive, especially when considering the costs of hiring and training specialized staff, purchasing and maintaining testing infrastructure and tools, and managing testing projects.

According to the report, the inability to scale is a tipping point for organizations with in-house solutions. As companies strive to streamline their technology, they often encounter the challenge of integrating legacy applications and mainframe systems against a more modernized technology stack.


Because of the vastly different infrastructure, these systems require extensive testing to ensure the user experience is not compromised. Unfortunately, relying on open-source and manual testing for these complex systems is not robust enough.

Barriers to transforming to an automated software test approach

Time spent writing scripts, fixing bugs, and manually testing all possible user journeys can quickly add up and often becomes the bottleneck when implementing a new feature release. Consequently, automation growth stalls and companies cannot deliver differentiable, high-quality products.

Forrester asked what barriers prevented companies from investing or continuing to invest in automated testing technologies.

  • Forty-six percent of participants stated they lacked the in-house expertise to implement and/or maintain a platform.
  • Forty-six percent said they lacked funding.
  • Thirty-six percent said they lacked the skills necessary to define the requirements.
Technological advancements increase software testing challenges

Technology complexity is a growing challenge and requires higher-level tools. Even scripted automation is not enough. The new generation of software testing needs to provide advanced analytics algorithms tuned to the evolving challenges and the use of machine learning and artificial intelligence (AI) to solve complex problems.

As companies strive to streamline their technology, they often encounter the challenge of integrating legacy applications and mainframe systems against a more modernized technology stack. Because of the vastly different infrastructure, these systems require extensive testing to ensure the user experience is not compromised.

The dramatic shift to online services witnessed over the last decade has forced enterprises to become more adaptive. As companies continue their digital journeys and technological innovations accelerate, transitioning to software testing automation is becoming a necessity.

To be successful, organizations need a software testing solution that will allow them to scale adequately and affordably, align with current and future technologies, and ensure compliance with increasingly complex software testing requirements.

media_1f0efd941de1ec4b1237851d1f86c568b738c9088Anna McCowan | Keysight Technologies

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Discovery of Lithium Reserves in India Threatens China’s Monopoly

ELE Times - Tue, 07/18/2023 - 10:57

By Himanshu Vaibhav, Technical Journalist, ELE Times

India has made a significant discovery of its second lithium reserve in Rajasthan, following the initial find in Jammu & Kashmir earlier in this year. The newly discovered reserve is located in the Degana municipality, situated within the Nagaur district of Rajasthan.

The lithium deposit in Jammu & Kashmir was estimated to be approximately 5.9 million tons. According to officials, the lithium reserves in Rajasthan are expected to meet around 80% of India’s lithium requirements.

The lithium reserves found in India discovery holds immense potential for energy transition, as it signifies a significant step towards reducing dependence on imports and bolstering domestic lithium production for several industries, including renewable energy storage and electric vehicles.

What impact will the discovery of Lithium Reserves in India have on various industries?


As per the Geological Survey of India (GSI) and mining officials, the quantity of lithium reserves discovered in Rajasthan surpasses the reserves found in Jammu and Kashmir in February 2023. These reserves are believed to be capable of fulfilling approximately 80% of India’s lithium requirement, indicating a significant shift towards green energy in the energy sector.

Consequently, lithium has become an invaluable asset for nations as it is extensively utilized in the production of solar panels, electric vehicles (EVs), rechargeable batteries for mobile phones, laptops, digital cameras, and wind turbines. These technologies are considered pivotal carbon-neutral alternatives for the future.

Due to its high power-to-weight ratio, lithium batteries have emerged as the sole alternative for electric vehicles (EVs). This characteristic allows them to deliver a substantial charge while maintaining a relatively low curb weight for the vehicle.

As per the assessments of mining officials, the lithium reserves found in India have the potential to achieve two significant outcomes for India. Firstly, they can assist in reducing the country’s reliance on imports from China for lithium. Secondly, these reserves can contribute to India’s goal of achieving self-sufficiency in green energy.

With the discovery of lithium reserves in India, India’s reliance on China for lithium imports will diminish. This reduction in dependency is expected to have a positive impact on the price of lithium batteries, offering potential cost savings and greater accessibility to this crucial component for various industries.

How can India disrupt China’s monopoly on lithium and establish its own foothold in the market?

How can India disrupt China's monopoly on lithium and establish its own foothold in the market

India’s dependence on China and expensive international sources for lithium has been a longstanding concern. According to some reports, India imported lithium worth more than 6000 crores during the 2020-21 period, with over 3,500 crore sourced solely from China. However, the discovery of lithium reserves within India presents a significant opportunity to challenge China’s monopoly in the global market. This development has the potential to reshape India’s lithium supply chain dynamics, leading to reduce reliance on China and the establishment of a more diversified and self-sustaining lithium ecosystem within the country. Such a shift would not only address the current concerns regarding supply chain vulnerabilities but also foster greater independence and resilience in meeting the rising demand for lithium, a crucial component in the production of batteries for electric vehicles and renewable energy storage systems.

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How the discovery of lithium reserves going to affect economically? 

The discovery of lithium reserves in India and the growing adoption of electric vehicles have the potential to bring about transformative changes. This development could shield India from the escalating global prices of lithium, curbing the expenses incurred on oil imports, lessening reliance on China, generating employment opportunities, and fostering economic growth within the country.

The extraction and refinement of lithium necessitate the expertise of trained personnel and advanced technology, a capability that can be cultivated domestically, albeit not instantaneously. However, if executed effectively, this has the potential to generate fresh employment prospects for skilled workers, thereby invigorating the manufacturing sector.

Undoubtedly, the development of lithium reserves in India is highly likely to attract foreign investments and facilitate technology transfer, thereby propelling the country’s economic growth.

What specific infrastructure requirements are necessary in India for the production of lithium?

To achieve the government’s Production-Linked Incentive (PLI) target of establishing a 50 GWh capacity for lithium-ion cells and a battery manufacturing plant, India needs investments amounting to approximately 33,750 crores (equivalent to 4.5 billion USD). The successful scaling and stabilization of lithium-ion battery cell manufacturing within the country are crucial for India to realize its decarbonization objectives. This matter involves a concise breakdown of the lithium-ion battery cell manufacturing process, an estimation of the necessary materials and financial requirements, and the provision of a potential blueprint for an indigenization strategy. By domestically manufacturing batteries, a substantial portion of India’s anticipated surge in battery demand from the power and mobility sectors between 2021-22 and 2029-30 can be met. The study concludes that achieving such a large-scale expansion will necessitate the supply of components and electrode materials to the industry.

Identifying opportunities for substantial value capture, the study highlights the importance of developing indigenous capacity in both the upstream and midstream segments of the lithium-ion battery supply chains. To secure the future of this emerging industry, India must prioritize innovation, ecosystem building, and the acquisition of cathode mineral supplies. By focusing on these key areas, India can ensure a strong foothold in the nascent lithium-ion battery sector and create a self-reliant ecosystem that maximizes value and strengthens the country’s position in the global battery market.

What is the current status of mining and by when things would be roll out?

Following the discovery of India’s first-ever lithium reserve in Jammu and Kashmir, another significant deposit of this essential mineral has now been found in Degana, Rajasthan’s Nagaur region. Lithium, a non-ferrous metal widely used in the manufacturing of mobile devices, laptops, electric vehicles, and rechargeable batteries, has been primarily sourced from costly foreign supplies, leaving India heavily dependent. However, the Geological Survey of India (GSI) has identified substantial lithium deposits in the vicinity of Degana, presenting a significant opportunity for the state and the nation’s economy. The World Bank predicts a staggering 500 per cent surge in global demand for lithium metal by 2050, making Rajasthan’s vast reserves of lithium immensely advantageous.

During a GSI survey team’s exploration for tungsten, officials confirmed the presence of lithium deposits near Degana and hinted at the possibility of additional deposits in regions such as Barmer and Jaisalmer. The survey team is expediting the exploration work to ascertain the extent of the lithium reserves. The objective is to expedite the exploration process to reach the G2 stage, enabling mining auctions to be conducted promptly and efficiently.

The discovery of abundant lithium reserves in Rajasthan holds tremendous promise for India’s self-sufficiency in meeting the escalating demand for this crucial mineral. By reducing reliance on costly imports and fostering domestic lithium production, the country can bolster its economic growth and establish a stronger position in the global market. The ongoing exploration efforts signify a proactive approach by the GSI and the authorities involved, aiming to capitalize on this valuable resource and propel India towards a sustainable and prosperous future.

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The significance of current sensors in MPPT systems

ELE Times - Tue, 07/18/2023 - 10:45

Courtesy : Infineon Technologies

In the pursuit of clean and sustainable energy solutions, the potential of solar power has captured the imagination of scientists and engineers worldwide. As solar technology advanced, one critical component emerged as a key driver in maximizing solar efficiency – the current sensor.

The vital role of current sensors in MPPT

Current sensors play a crucial role in optimizing MPPT (Maximum Power Point Tracking) systems by precisely measuring the electric current flowing through a conductor. Specifically, in the context of PV (photovoltaic) panels, a current sensor holds immense value as it enables accurate measurement of the panel’s output current. This measurement is essential for determining the power output of the panel and effectively tracking the MPP (maximum power point).

Through precise measurement of the PV panel’s output current, the MPPT system gains the ability to calculate the panel’s power output. This valuable power measurement serves as the foundation for the MPPT algorithm, enabling it to dynamically adjust the duty cycle of the DC-DC converter. By continuously tracking the MPP of the panel based on this information, the MPPT system optimizes the power output, unlocking the panel’s full potential.

Beyond its primary function of measuring the output current of the PV panel, a current sensor serves as a reliable means to identify system faults and abnormalities. By monitoring the output current, the sensor can detect instances where the current surpasses a predetermined threshold. This serves as an indication of potential issues like short circuits or other faults within the system. Leveraging this information, the MPPT system can promptly initiate corrective actions to mitigate damage to the components and ensure the safe operation of the entire system.

grambich_0-1686044833757Fgure 1. Infineon’s XENSIV current sensor TLI4971 mounted on the 2GO kit Which features of current sensor contribute to MPPT?

Accurate measurement of the photovoltaic panel’s output current stands as the primary and crucial feature of a current sensor that enhances MPPT systems. This output current measurement plays a vital role in determining the panel’s power output and effectively tracking the maximum power point (MPP).The core principle of an MPPT system revolves around optimizing the voltage and current of the PV panel to align with its maximum power point (MPP) where it generates the highest power output. This crucial MPP is determined by the interplay between the panel’s output voltage and current. By leveraging a current sensor to measure the panel’s output current, the MPPT system can accurately calculate the panel’s power output and dynamically adjust the voltage and current to precisely track the MPP.

Sensitivitys6drifterrorFigure 2. Accuracy of the XENSIV current sensor

The precision of the current sensor holds utmost importance in ensuring optimal performance of the MPPT system. Even minor inaccuracies in measuring the output current can result in substantial variations in the panel’s power output, thereby diminishing the overall system efficiency. Hence, it is imperative for the current sensor to exhibit a remarkable level of accuracy and precision.

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Additionally, the current sensor must possess the capability to handle high currents without experiencing saturation or distortion—a critical aspect contributing to MPPT systems. PV panels can generate substantial currents, particularly during periods of intense solar irradiation. It is essential for the current sensor to accurately measure such currents without succumbing to any adverse effects caused by their magnitude, ensuring reliable and unaffected operation.

Lastly, it is crucial for the current sensor to exhibit a rapid response time in order to effectively detect swift fluctuations in the panel’s output current. This attribute holds immense significance as the MPPT system relies on promptly adjusting the voltage and current to accurately track the MPP, ultimately guaranteeing the attainment of maximum power output.

In conclusion, a current sensor plays a vital role as an indispensable component within an MPPT system. It serves to provide precise measurement of the PV panel’s output current, enabling effective tracking of the MPP and maximizing power output. Moreover, the current sensor’s ability to detect faults or abnormalities ensures the system’s safe and reliable operation. Overall, the accuracy, precision, current-handling capability, and response time of the current sensor collectively contribute to the MPPT system’s capability to accurately measure output current, track the MPP, and optimize power output from the PV panel.

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A Key Component in the Transition to Renewable Energy

ELE Times - Tue, 07/18/2023 - 10:30

The global transition to renewable energy sources is gaining momentum as countries strive to reduce carbon emissions, combat climate change, and achieve energy independence. In this transition, energy storage plays a vital role by addressing the intermittent nature of renewable energy generation and enabling a reliable and resilient power supply. As renewable energy technologies such as solar and wind power become increasingly prevalent, energy storage systems are emerging as a crucial component of the modern energy landscape.

Intermittency and the Need for Energy Storage:

Renewable energy sources such as solar and wind power are inherently intermittent, as their output depends on weather conditions and natural fluctuations. This intermittency poses challenges to the stability and reliability of electricity grids. Energy storage systems help bridge the gap between energy generation and demand, providing a solution to the variability of renewable energy sources.

Benefits of Energy Storage:  Grid Stability and Reliability:

 Energy storage systems enhance the stability and reliability of electricity grids by balancing supply and demand fluctuations. Excess renewable energy generated during peak production periods can be stored in batteries or other storage technologies and released when demand exceeds supply. This ensures a continuous and reliable power supply, reducing the reliance on fossil fuel-based backup generation.

Integration of Renewable Energy:

Energy storage enables better integration of renewable energy into the grid by addressing the challenges posed by variable generation. It allows for the maximization of renewable energy utilization, minimizes curtailment, and enhances grid flexibility.

Peak Demand Management:

Energy storage systems help manage peak electricity demand by storing excess energy during low-demand periods and supplying it during high-demand periods. This helps reduce strain on the grid, avoids the need for costly infrastructure upgrades, and can lower electricity costs for consumers.

Ancillary Services:

Energy storage systems can provide ancillary services to the grid, including frequency regulation, voltage control, and reactive power support. These services improve grid stability and efficiency, reducing the need for traditional power plants to provide these services.

Types of Energy Storage Technologies:

photo 1


Battery storage systems, such as lithium-ion batteries, are the most common form of energy storage. They offer high energy density, rapid response times, and scalability. Battery storage is widely deployed in residential, commercial, and utility-scale applications.

Pumped Hydro Storage:

Pumped hydro storage utilizes the potential energy of water by pumping it from a lower reservoir to a higher one during periods of low electricity demand. When electricity demand rises, the water is released from the upper reservoir, passing through turbines to generate electricity.

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Thermal Energy Storage:

Thermal energy storage systems store heat or cold generated from renewable energy sources, such as concentrated solar power or geothermal energy. This stored thermal energy can be utilized for heating, cooling, or electricity generation.

Flywheel Energy Storage:

Flywheel energy storage systems store energy by spinning a rotor at high speeds. When electricity is needed, the energy stored in the rotating flywheel is converted back into electricity.

Policy and Market Drivers:

Renewable Energy Targets and Policies: Government policies and targets aimed at increasing renewable energy penetration are driving the deployment of energy storage systems. These policies often include incentives, subsidies, and mandates that promote the adoption of energy storage technologies.

Falling Costs and Technological Advancements: The cost of energy storage technologies, particularly batteries, has been declining rapidly in recent years. Technological advancements, economies of scale, and increased manufacturing capacity have contributed to this cost reduction, making energy storage more economically viable and attractive.

Grid Modernization and Decentralization: The modernization of electricity grids and the shift towards decentralized power generation encourage the integration of energy storage systems. These systems enable grid operators to manage distributed energy resources, enhance grid resilience, and accommodate higher levels of renewable energy.

Electrification of Transportation: The electrification of transportation, particularly the growth of electric vehicles (EVs), creates additional demand for energy storage. EVs can serve as mobile energy storage units, providing a potential source of stored electricity that can be fed back into the grid during peak demand periods.

Challenges and Opportunities:

Cost and Financing: Despite declining costs, energy storage technologies still require significant upfront investments. Developing innovative financing mechanisms and implementing supportive policies can help overcome this barrier and accelerate the deployment of energy storage systems.

Regulatory Frameworks:

The regulatory frameworks governing energy storage need to be updated to account for its unique characteristics. This includes addressing issues such as market access, pricing mechanisms, and grid connection requirements.

Technological Advancements:

Continued research and development efforts are needed to improve the efficiency, lifespan, and performance of energy storage technologies. Advancements in materials, manufacturing processes, and system integration can further drive down costs and enhance performance.

Environmental Impacts:

Energy storage systems, particularly those utilizing certain battery chemistries, can have environmental impacts associated with raw material extraction and disposal. Ensuring sustainable sourcing of materials and implementing effective recycling and disposal programs are essential for minimizing these impacts.


Energy storage is a critical enabler in the transition to renewable energy. By addressing the intermittency of renewable energy sources, energy storage systems enhance grid stability, integrate renewable energy more effectively, and support the growth of decentralized and resilient power systems. Continued advancements in technology, supportive policies, and collaborative efforts among stakeholders will drive the widespread adoption of energy storage and accelerate the global transition to a sustainable and clean energy future.

NEERAJ KUMAR SINGAL | Founder and CEO | Semco GroupNEERAJ KUMAR SINGAL | Founder and CEO | Semco Group

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STMicroelectronics begins volume production of PowerGaN devices for slimmer, cooler, and more efficient power products

ELE Times - Tue, 07/18/2023 - 10:03

Gallium nitride (GaN)-based products deliver better energy efficiency and enable more compact system designs in consumer, industrial, and automotive applications

STMicroelectronics has begun volume production of e-mode PowerGaN HEMT (high-electron-mobility transistor) devices that simplify the design of high-efficiency power-conversion systems. The STPOWER™ GaN transistors raise performance in applications such as wall adapters, chargers, lighting systems, industrial power supplies, renewable energy applications, and in automotive electrification.

The first two products in the family, the SGT120R65AL and SGT65R65AL, are industrial-qualified 650V normally-off G-HEMT™ in a PowerFLAT 5×6 HV surface-mount package. They have current ratings of 15A and 25A, respectively, with typical on-resistance (RDS(on)) of 75mΩ and 49mΩ at 25°C. Also, 3nC and 5.4nC total gate charge and low parasitic capacitances ensure minimal turn-on/turn-off energy losses. A Kelvin source connection allows optimized gate driving. In addition to the reduced size and weight of the power supplies and adapters, the two new GaN transistors provide higher efficiency, lower operating temperature, and extended life time.

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In the coming months, ST will introduce new PowerGaN variants, i.e. automotive-qualified devices, as well as additional power-package options including PowerFLAT 8×8 DSC and LFPAK 12×12 for high power applications.

ST’s G-HEMT devices facilitate the transition to GaN wide-bandgap technology in power conversion. GaN transistors with the same breakdown voltage and RDS(on) as silicon alternatives can achieve lower total gate charge and parasitic capacitances, with zero reverse-recovery charge. These properties raise efficiency and enhance switching performance, allowing higher switching frequency that permits smaller passive components thereby increasing power density. Applications can therefore become smaller with higher performance. In the future, GaN is also expected to enable new power-conversion topologies that will further improve efficiency and decrease power losses.

ST has high production capacity for PowerGaN discrete products to support customer demand for a very fast ramp to volume manufacturing. The SGT120R65AL and SGT65R65AL in PowerFLAT 5×6 HV are available now, priced from $2.60 (SGT120R65AL) and $5.00 (SGT65R65AL) for orders of 100 pieces.

Please visit www.st.com/g-hemt-gan-transistors

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Why FRAMs suit data logging in EDR for airbags, ADAS

EDN Network - Mon, 07/17/2023 - 19:32

Event data recorders (EDRs) in automotive applications like airbag safety systems and advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS) increasingly demand specialized data-logging memory devices that can instantly capture and reliably store critical data for decades.

To address the need for continuous data logging in automotive designs, Infineon has expanded its portfolio by adding two new ferroelectric RAM (FRAM) memory devices in 1-Mbit and 4-Mbit densities to its EXCELON family. The German chipmaker claims that its 1-Mbit devices are the industry’s first automotive-qualified serial FRAMs.

The new FRAM devices claim to achieve continuous data logging with instant non-volatility to quickly capture pre- and post-collision event data and store instantly on power loss. As a result, it minimizes reliance on large backup capacitors that may fail during a collision or provide insufficient charge.


Figure 1 Data logging is expanding in automotive applications driven by increasing electrification and advanced safety systems. Source: Infineon

FRAM, a non-volatile memory that uses a ferroelectric capacitor made of lead zirconate titanate (PZT) to store data, has the characteristics of both a ROM and a RAM. So, it can be purpose-built for mission-critical data logging, and its sufficient non-volatile data storage can be tailored for automotive EDR applications.

FRAMs in airbags and ADAS

In EDR settings, Infineon’s Auto FRAM devices complement high-density storage like eMMC flash, which cannot store continuously in real-time and rely on backup capacitors to transfer after the collision, risking the loss of critical data. Continuously logging FRAM memory can also ease the load on the embedded SRAM buffer.

Figure 2 FRAMs can capture up to 20 ms of time-stamped EDR data ahead of a collision event. Source: Infineon

Take the case of airbag EDRs that capture from 5 to 20 seconds of time-stamped data metrics in a collision event to aid in accident reconstruction and vehicle safety research (Figure 2). And automakers and regulators require that EDRs record at least three events that may occur in a crash or roadway departure.

Then there are ADAS applications that capture front-facing camera images continuously for 4 seconds before and after a collision-like event to aid in accident reconstruction and vehicle safety research. Here, an FRAM can capture real-time camera images before and after collision-like events and store them instantly on power loss (Figure 3).

Figure 3 FRAMs can capture real-time camera images before and after collision-like events and store instantly on power loss. Source: Infineon

That clearly makes the case for memory densities tailored to specific use cases requiring data logging. “Data logging requirements are growing rapidly in automotive systems, as trends toward broader use of electronic systems and industry regulations have encouraged the use of high-reliability non-volatile memories in airbag safety systems, along with engine control and battery management systems,” said Ramesh Chettuvetty, VP of RAM Solutions at Infineon.

He added that the zero delay write capability of these FRAMs allows system data to be captured and recorded up to the last instant before an accident or other user-defined trigger event. Here, zero delay write means that it facilitates the write data to memory cells at bus speeds with no soak time to achieve instant non-volatility. In other words, it eliminates “soak time” by instantly backing up data on power loss.

Read/write endurance and speed

Infineon’s portfolio of automotive FRAM memory devices ranges from 4 Kbit to 16 Mbit densities. These FRAMs feature fast and reliable read/write performance at speeds up to 50 MHz in SPI mode and up to 108 MHz in quad SPI (QSPI) mode. This data transfer can match or exceed traditional parallel interfaces while reducing pin count dramatically.

Next, these FRAMs provide unlimited write cycle endurance to log data every 10 µs over 20 years. That means automotive systems like airbags and ADAS can log data continuously over a 20-year product lifespan.

Here, it’s important to note that low endurance memories like EEPROMs cannot store continuously in real-time and rely on backup capacitors to transfer after the collision, risking the loss of critical data. On the other hand, these FRAMs claim 10 trillion read/write cycles of endurance and consume 200 times lower power than EEPROMs for active writes.

Both 1 Mbit (CY15B201QN-50SXE) and 4 Mbit (CY15B204QN-40SXE) EXCELON FRAM devices are now in volume production.

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Classic 3-leg adjustable regulators have a shunt mode? Who knew?

EDN Network - Mon, 07/17/2023 - 17:49

When parts have been around as long, and in such widespread use, as the venerable LM317 and LM337 (and their siblings), you tend to think every trick that can be played with them is already in the (data)book. So, when the question arose whether these extremely well understood parts, that are always described in their respective data sheets as exclusively series regulators, might somehow be connected up to achieve a shunt topology, it seemed pretty far-fetched.  Consequently, the possibility of the circuit in Figure 1 came as a surprise. The chip internal schematic is helpful in understanding how this monstrosity works.

Wow the engineering world with your unique design: Design Ideas Submission Guide

Figure 1 Three terminal regulator (e.g. LM317) in the (positive) shunt configuration.

When connected as shown, the standard “three leg” will begin to conduct as INPUT current is brought from zero and Vout approaches the programmed setpoint voltage Vset, causing Vadj to approach -1.25V. This causes the internal Zener cathode to therefore rise to 0V, and the internal regulator control amplifier to turn on the internal Darlington pass device. These design equations will then apply:

Let Vref << -1.25, e.g., -5
Vset = -(1.25 + Vref)(R1 / R2) – 1.25
R1/R2 = (Vset + 1.25) / -(Vref + 1.25)
R1 = R2(Vset + 1.25) / -(Vref + 1.25)

When Vset is attained, U1 transitions to a very low-impedance (single-digit milliohms) super-Zener-like mode, as shown in Figure 2 and clamps Vout to the programmed setpoint.  Note the absolute value marks that show the circuit can accommodate both I/O voltage polarities with appropriate choices for U1 and Vref.

Figure 2 Shunt mode I/V curve; when the programmed setpoint voltage Vset is attained, U1 transitions to a very low-impedance and clamps Vout to the programmed setpoint.

For a specific design example, let:

Vset = 12V
U1 = LM317
Vref = -5V
R2 = 1k


R1 = R2(Vset + 1.25) / -(Vref + 1.25) = 1k(13.25) / -(-3.75) = 3.5k

 Negative polarity regulation can be accommodated by doing the following:

  1. Replace the LM317 with a LM337
  2. Replace the negative Vref with a positive Vref

Note the max/min absolute value of 40V > Vset > 3V and 1.5A > Iinput > 10mA per 317/337 regulator datasheet specs.

C1 may be required for dynamic stability. See datasheet recommendations.

Stephen Woodward’s relationship with EDN’s DI column goes back quite a long way. Nearly 100 submissions have been accepted since his first contribution back in 1974.

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TRI Unveils Ultra-High-Speed 3D AOI Solution

ELE Times - Mon, 07/17/2023 - 15:23

Test Research, Inc. (TRI), the leading test and inspection systems provider for the electronics manufacturing industry, proudly announces the launch of the Ultra-High Speed 3D AOI, TR7700QH SII. With 15 µm high resolution, 21 MP imaging, and Large FOV inspection, TR7700QH SII sets a new standard for inspection performance.

Operating at Ultra-high speeds of up to 80 cm²/sec, the TR7700QH SII surpasses its predecessor, the TR7700Q SII, with an impressive 40% increase in speed. The 3D AOI incorporates advanced AI algorithms and TRI’s Smart Programming for unmatched inspection coverage and precision. Built on an enhanced mechanical platform, the TR7700QH SII ensures stability and precision during inspections without compromising the cycle time.

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Designed for high-throughput production manufacturing, such as the automotive and telecommunication electronics industries, the TR7700QH SII delivers precise metrology measurements and comprehensive inspection for large and high-density boards. The Smart AOI features the Multi-Step Function, enabling efficient inspection of components at different heights, up to 40 mm. The TR7700QH SII supports current Smart Factory Standards, including the IPC-CFX and The Hermes Standard (IPC-HERMES-9852).

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Surf-Tech Manufacturing Corp. Expands Capabilities with Acquisition of PVA’s Delta 8 Unit with 5th Axis

ELE Times - Mon, 07/17/2023 - 15:18

Surf-Tech Manufacturing Corp., a multi-faceted provider of contract manufacturing services, is pleased to announce that it has invested in PVA’s Delta 8 Selective Conformal Coating Machine with 5th Axis Tilt capability. This acquisition represents Surf-Tech’s commitment to delivering exceptional quality and expanding its capabilities in selective conformal coating, potting, bead and meter-mix dispensing applications.

The Delta 8 Selective Conformal Coating Machine is renowned for its versatility and flexibility. It is designed to handle a wide range of assembly applications, making it an ideal choice for Surf-Tech’s diverse manufacturing needs. With numerous options and integrated features, including robotic system repeatability of +/-25 microns and the ability to accommodate multiple dispensing applications or materials in one cell, the Delta 8 offers enhanced precision and efficiency.

One of the standout features of the Delta 8 unit is the 5th Axis Tilt capability. This motorized programmable tilt allows the machine to adjust to any angle between -50 degrees to 50 degrees. The flexibility of this feature ensures greater accessibility to parts, enabling more accurate dispense and spray processes. By leveraging the Delta 8’s 5th Axis Tilt, Surf-Tech can achieve superior results and meet the highest standards of quality.

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“We are excited about the acquisition of the Delta 8 unit from PVA,” said Stephen Eggart, President of Surf-Tech Manufacturing. “The Delta 8’s flexibility, precision, and integrated features will enable us to provide our clients with even more efficient and reliable manufacturing solutions. By continuously investing in cutting-edge technology and equipment, we aim to maintain our position as a trusted partner for our clients, offering comprehensive and high-quality manufacturing solutions.”

Surf-Tech Manufacturing Corp. has built a solid reputation as a multi-faceted provider of contract manufacturing services, serving a wide range of industries. With this strategic investment in the Delta 8 unit, Surf-Tech is well-equipped to address the evolving needs of its customers and deliver superior results across various manufacturing applications.

Surf-Tech is IPC, ITAR registered and ISO 9001 certified. Personnel are certified to various applicable standards including IPC-A-610 (Acceptability of Electronic Assemblies) and J-STD-001 (requirements for Soldered Electrical and Electronic Assemblies).

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Top 10 Thermistor Manufacturers in the USA

ELE Times - Mon, 07/17/2023 - 15:12

The Global Thermistor Temperature Sensors market size is estimated to be USD 940 million in 2020 and is expected to reach USD 1460 million by 2028 rising at a CAGR of 7.75% between 2023-2030. 

Top 10 Thermistor Manufacturers in the USA 

We have listed the top 10 thermistor manufacturers in the USA that are highly trusted and reliable. 

Microchip Technology Inc.

Microchip Technology is headquartered in Chandler, Arizona, USA, and is a prime manufacturer of microcontrollers, mixed-signal, analog, and flash-IP solutions and also offers on-point technical support for its products. They are among the leading solution providers in the areas – aerospace and defense, automotive and transport, CAN technology, communications infra, consumer, data centers and computing, embedded security, etc. Microchip’s product line includes- microcontrollers and microprocessors, analog, amplifier and linear ICs, clock and timing, data converters, embedded controllers and super i/o, interfaces, metering, etc.  Microchip’s range of thermistors includes- MCP9701A, MCP9701, MCP9700, MCP9700A, MCP9700B, TC642B, etc.  

Vishay Intertechnology Inc.

Vishay is headquartered in Malvern, Pennsylvania, and has over 6 decades of experience in electronic innovation and automation in industries, 5G network technology, and electrification of the automobile. With vast applications in the automotive, avionics, military, space, computer, consumer, industrial, medical, and telecom sectors, Vishay’s products include- 

  • Semiconductor– diodes, discrete thyristors, OPTOELECTRONICS, power modules, etc.
  • Passive components– capacitors, inductors and magnetics, resistors, sensors, etc. 

Their range of thermistors includes- NTC, PTC, and thin film RTDs, with wide-ranging applications in automotive temperature sensing, overload current protection, fluorescent lighting, motor start, telecommunication, etc. 


Ametherm was established in 1994 and provides effective and robust inrush-limiting solutions. They are an ISO 9001:2015 accredited firm and their range of power thermistors is UL and CSA-approved. Ametherm’s latest additions to its product catalog include- 

  • CL20 Series- PTC thermistor
  • PANR 103395-342- NTC thermistor probe assembly
  • ACL-011- NTC thermistor temperature sensor
  • MM35- DIN- Series – NTC thermistor inrush current limiter

Their range of sensing thermistors includes- 

  • NTC thermistor – probe assembly with threaded hex nut, probe assembly with threaded hex nut and tip, probe assembly with epoxy, probe assembly with steel housing, glass encapsulated DG series, etc. 
Honeywell International Inc.

Honeywell International is headquartered in Charlotte, North Carolina, USA, and was established in 1885. They are pioneers in innovation in aerospace, safety, and production solutions, building technologies in the electronic domain, and are a leader in automation control-performance materials and technologies. Honeywell’s highly robust product line includes- absorbents and catalysts, industrial chemicals, and materials, thermistors, thermocouples, etc. Honeywell tackles industries like – industrial software, energy, healthcare, life sciences, logistics and warehouses, retail, etc. 

Thermistors Unlimited

Founded in 1991, Thermistors Unlimited is among the leaders in PTC thermistors, PTC heaters products manufacturing, and assemblies. They target industries like –  aerospace, automotive, energy, and defense with their technology-driven products like- motor temperature sensors, heaters, single-sided heaters, over-current protectors, over-temperature sensors, etc. Thermistors Unlimited specializes in the design and manufacturing of PTC elements.

Thermik Corporation

Established in 1968, Thermik is one of the top players in the thermistor market in the USA. The company is ISO 9001 accredited and VDE, UL, CSA, CQC, CMJ, and IEC approved. Thermik is into manufacturing thermal protectors and PTC thermistors with wide-ranging applications in automotive, medical facilities, military, aerospace, fire detectors, food industry, etc. 

Selco Products Co.

Headquartered in Reno, Nevada, USA, Selco Products was established in 1958. They are an ISO 9001:2008 accredited company and have their manufacturing plants set up in Nevada and California. They have manufacturing partnerships with Brazil, China, Italy, Mexico, Japan, and Taiwan. Selco’s product catalog includes- thermostats, NTC thermistors, thermal cut-offs, thermal protectors, knobs, precision electronic controls, panel instruments, photocells, etc.  Their target market is – HVAC, medical, electronics, professional audio, industrial instrumentation, power supply, food service, appliances, process controls, telecommunications, aerospace, and laboratory. Selco over the years has upgraded both its engineering and manufacturing capabilities of probe design, custom brackets, PCB design, solder screen, wave solder, cable, and wire cutting, etc. Their thermistor catalog offers – 

  • Custom Probe (CP) Series
  • Interchangeable (IN) Series
  • Custom Epoxy (CE) Series
  • Micro NTC Thermistor Probe Series
TE Connectivity Inc.

TE Connectivity has over 75+ years of experience as a manufacturer and supplier in the electronics industry. With 236 billion products manufactured annually, TE provides solutions for electric vehicles, aircraft, digital factories, and smart homes. Their products include-  antennas, application tooling, cable assemblies, connectors, EMI and EMC solutions, fiber optics, heat shrink tubing, thermistors, etc. TE has made USD 16.3 billion in sales in 2022 and has been pushing industries like 5G and wireless equipment, aerospace, appliances, autosport, medical technologies, oil and gas, e-mobility, IoT connectivity, etc. with their innovation and technology. The company has also invested USD 715+ million in engineering and R&D. TE also provides services and training in 3D printing for production, electrical installation, HarnWare software development, etc. 

Pelonis Technologies

Pelonis is an ISO 9000 and ISO 14000 accredited company, with over 25+ years of product development and manufacturing experience. They are into technology development and innovation in air movement technologies, induction motors, cooling fans, blowers, and specialty heating products for industrial and commercial use. Pelonis’s target customers are from – gaming, medical, aerospace, power and energy, robotics and automation, IT and communications, security, material handling, oil and gas, HVAC, transportation, food and beverage appliances, etc. They offer customizable solutions for products like fans, blowers, heaters, and motors

Tempco Electric Heaters Corporation

Tempco Electric was established in 1972 and is into manufactures 30+ types of electric heating elements and temperature sensors. Their products are UL-certified and CSA-recognized and the catalog includes-band heaters, ceramic fiber heaters, cast-in heaters, heat trace cables, tank heaters, tubular heaters, shrowd systems, temperature sensors, turnkey process heating systems, etc. Tempco offers its technologies and solutions to industries like aerospace, automotive, chemical processing, food processing, lab equipment, medical, storage tanks, transportation, recycling, semiconductor manufacturing, etc. 

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SHENMAO Offers Halogen-Free SM-862 Liquid Flux as a Replacement for SM-816

ELE Times - Mon, 07/17/2023 - 14:50

SHENMAO America, Inc. is pleased to announce the availability of its halogen-free SM-862 Liquid Flux, designed to replace the widely used halogenated SM-816. The SM-862 Flux offers a range of benefits, including low solid content and smooth residue, making it an excellent choice for automatic wave soldering and manual dipping processes.

SM-862 is a rosin-containing flux specifically formulated to leave minimal residue and reduce the occurrence of bridges during soldering. This halogen-free ROL0 (J-STD-004B) flux is tack-free and no-clean, suitable for various automated and selective soldering applications. It exhibits exceptional hole-fill ability and effectively prevents bridges when soldering high-density components on circuit boards.

The versatility of SM-862 makes it ideal for applications such as wave soldering, selective soldering and dipping. It is well-suited for use in industrial PC (IPC), motherboards, power boards, server boards, and other components requiring dipping. The flux delivers excellent solderability and leaves behind a flux residue that exhibits high voltage endurance.

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SHENMAO has received approval from numerous internationally renowned electronic manufacturers, affirming the quality and reliability of their products. The company’s commitment to delivering the highest standards without compromising on cost and time-to-market ensures maximum value for its customers. SHENMAO America, Inc. manufactures SMT solder paste at its San Jose, CA facility for distribution throughout North America.

“We are excited to introduce the halogen-free SM-862 Liquid Flux as an alternative to the widely used SM-816,” said Watson Tseng, General Manager at SHENMAO America, Inc. “With its low solid content, smooth residue, and excellent solderability, SM-862 provides our customers with a reliable solution for their soldering needs. We are dedicated to offering top-quality products that meet the highest industry standards.”

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Best Electric Cars in USA

ELE Times - Mon, 07/17/2023 - 14:41

The demand for electric vehicles (EVs) is experiencing a swift rise, witnessing a surge in adoption in 2023, accompanied by a diverse array of new electric vehicles entering the automotive market in the United States. While the industry contemplates the decision between conventional, cost-effective fuel-powered vehicles and the seemingly pricier battery-electric vehicles, specific car manufacturers are making a noteworthy impression. The Top 10 EVs that have achieved the highest sales in the United States in 2023 have played a significant role in shaping consumers’ perceptions of alternative modes of transportation. Here are the finest electric cars available in the USA:

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1. Mercedes-Benz EQE SUV

Mercedes-Benz EQE SUV

The 2023 Mercedes-Benz EQE SUV represents one of the latest additions to the lineup, offering a midsize, five-passenger luxury SUV experience with an impressive range of approximately 280 miles on a full charge. It stands as the most practical electric vehicle (EV) in the Mercedes-Benz lineup, surpassing the first-generation EQB in size while remaining more affordable than the flagship EQS. The EQE 350+ base model prioritizes range over speed, boasting a respectable 288-horsepower single electric motor that allows for a rated range of 279 miles. On the other hand, the EQE 500 delivers 402 hp and can accelerate from zero to 60 mph in around 4.5 seconds. For those seeking additional power, a software update is available to enhance the mid-trim EQE 350 4Matic, boosting its horsepower to 348 and shaving off 1 second from its 0-60 mph time. The price for the Mercedes-Benz EQE SUV starts at $79,050.

2. Lexus RZ  

Lexus RZ

Lexus introduces its inaugural all-electric vehicle with the two-row, five-passenger Lexus RZ crossover. While it excels in several aspects, it does face challenges in terms of limited range and higher pricing compared to many of its competitors. The Lexus RZ is a luxurious 5-seater vehicle available in two trim levels. The RZ 450e Premium with 18″ Wheels AWD stands out as the most popular choice, starting at $59,650. This particular RZ model is estimated to achieve an impressive fuel efficiency rating of 115 MPGe in the city and 98 MPGe on the highway.

3. Audi Q8 e-tron

Audi Q8 e-tron

With an air of confidence and sophistication, the Audi Q8 e-tron presents itself as a luxurious SUV that combines electric performance with serene quietness. While its primary rivals may offer greater power and a wider array of technological features, they also come with a higher price tag. The Audi Q8 e-tron is a 5-seater vehicle available in six different trim levels. Among them, the Premium Plus SUV stands out as the most popular choice, starting at $79,995. Equipped with an Electric engine and All Wheel Drive, this particular style of the Q8 e-tron embodies the perfect blend of elegance and electric performance.

4. 2023 Genesis Electrified G80 

2023 Genesis Electrified G80

The 2023 Electrified G80 represents Genesis’ successful transformation of their highly acclaimed G80 3.5T Sport midsize luxury sedan into an electric vehicle (EV). Packed with an array of advanced technologies, this electric G80 offers an impressive combination of power and driving range. If compared directly to its competitors, the Electrified G80 would undoubtedly hold its ground among the very best. The Genesis Electrified G80 is a 5-seater vehicle available in a single trim level. The Sedan style stands out as the most popular choice, starting at $80,950. Equipped with an Electric engine and All Wheel Drive, this Electrified G80 is estimated to achieve a notable fuel efficiency rating of 105 MPGe in the city and 89 MPGe on the highway.

5. Toyota bZ4X 

Toyota bZ4X

The 2023 Toyota bZ4X offers a pleasant driving experience and boasts a roomy interior with all the expected features of a modern compact SUV. However, it falls short of being a class leader due to its comparatively shorter range, slower charging speeds, and higher pricing when compared to most of its competitors. The Toyota bZ4X is a 5-seater vehicle available in two trim levels. The Limited AWD style stands as the most popular choice, starting at $50,115. Equipped with an Electric engine and All Wheel Drive, this bZ4X model is estimated to achieve an efficient fuel consumption rating of 112 MPGe in the city and 92 MPGe on the highway.

6. Hyundai Ioniq 6 

Hyundai Ioniq 6

The Hyundai Ioniq 6 emerges as a captivating five-seat electric sedan, offering a refreshing departure from the abundance of crossover SUV EVs saturating the market. It presents itself as a potential contender that could pose a significant challenge to the best-selling Tesla Model 3 sedan. The Hyundai IONIQ 6 is a 5-seater vehicle available in four trim levels. Among them, the SEL AWD style stands as the most popular choice, starting at $52,315. Equipped with an Electric engine and All Wheel Drive, this IONIQ 6 model is estimated to achieve an impressive fuel efficiency rating of 111 MPGe in the city and 94 MPGe on the highway.



The significant surge in EV sales across the USA demonstrates their ascendance as frontrunners in sustainable transportation. Leading electric vehicles deliver remarkable performance, extended driving ranges, and cutting-edge features. The augmented investments in EV technology and charging infrastructure indicate a promising future. The transition to electric vehicles plays a vital role in combating climate change and diminishing dependence on fossil fuels. With the continuous advancement of battery technology and increasing demand, electric cars are becoming more accessible, practical, and desirable. The support from governments, businesses, and individuals propels us toward a cleaner, greener, and more sustainable future, spearheaded by the widespread adoption of EVs.

The post Best Electric Cars in USA appeared first on ELE Times.


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